Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effect of Compost and Tillage on Soil Carbon Sequestration and Stability in Paddy Soil
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effect of Compost and Tillage on Soil Carbon Sequestration and Stability in Paddy Soil
Hong, Chang-Oh; Kang, Jum-Soon; Shin, Hyun-Moo; Cho, Jae-Hwan; Suh, Jeong-Min;
  PDF(new window)
So far, most studies associated with soil carbon sequestration have been focused on long term aspect. However, information regarding soil carbon sequestration in short term aspect is limited. This study was conducted to determine changes of soil organic carbon content and stability of carbon in response to compost application rate and tillage management during rice growing season(150 days) in short term aspect. Under pot experiment condition, compost was mixed with an arable soil at rates corresponding to 0, 6, 12, and 24 Mg/ha. To determine effect of tillage on soil carbon sequestration, till and no-till treatments were set up in soils amended with application rate of 12 Mg/ha. Compost application and tillage management did not significantly affect soil organic carbon(SOC) content in soil at harvest time. Bulk density of soil was not changed significantly with compost application and tillage management. These might result from short duration of experiment. While hot water extractable organic carbon(HWEOC) content decreased with compost application, humic substances(HS) increased. Below ground biomass of rice increased with application of compost and till operation. From the above results, continuos application of compost and reduce tillage might improve increase in soil organic carbon content and stability of carbon in long term aspect.
Compost;Rice;Tillage;Soil carbon sequestration;
 Cited by
탄소 저장량을 이용한 국내 주요 생태계 기후 조절 서비스 지표 산정,김지수;한승현;장한나;김태연;장인영;오우석;서창완;이우균;손요환;

환경생물, 2016. vol.34. 1, pp.8-17 crossref(new window)
Analysis of Environmental Properties of Paddy Soils with Regard to Seasonal Variation and Farming Methods, Journal of Korean Society Environmental Engineers, 2017, 39, 6, 311  crossref(new windwow)
Ahmad, N., Rashid, M., Vaes, A.G., 1996, Fertilizer and their Use in Pakistan, No. 4/96, 2nd ed. NFDC Pub., Islamabad, 274.

Angers, D. A., Eriksen-Hamel, N. S., 2008, Full-inversion tillage and organic carbon distribution in soil profiles: a meta-analysis, Soil. Sci. Soc. Am. J., 72, 1370-1374. crossref(new window)

Baker, J. M., Ochsner, T .E., Venterea, R. T., Griffis, T. J., 2007, Tillage and soil carbon sequestration-what do we really know?, Agric. Ecosyst. Environ., 118, 1-5. crossref(new window)

Balesdent, J., Chenu, C., Balabane, M., 2000, Relationship of soil organic matter dynamics to physical protection and tillage, Soil Till. Res., 53, 215-230. crossref(new window)

Beare, M. H., Caberera, M. L., Hendrix, P. F., Coleman, D. C., 1994, Aggregate-protected and unprotected organic matter pools in conventional- and no-tillage soils, Soil. Sci. Soc. Am. J., 58, 787-795. crossref(new window)

Blake, G. R., Hartge, K. H., 1986, Bulk density, Methods of soil analysis, Part 1, Soil Sci. Soc. Am., Madison, WI, USA, 363-376.

Blanco-Canqui, H., Lal, R., 2008, No-tillage and soilprofile carbon sequestration: an on-farm assessment. Soil. Sci. Soc. Am. J., 72, 693-701. crossref(new window)

Bremner, J. M., 1965, Inorganic forms of nitrogen, in: Black, C. A., et al. (Eds), Methods of soil analysis, Part 2, Agron. Monogr. 9. ASA., Madison, WI, USA, 1179-1237.

Cambardella, C. A., Elliott, E. T., 1993a, Methods for physical separation and characterization of soil organic matter fractions, Geoderma, 56, 449-457. crossref(new window)

Cambardella, C. A., Elliott, E. T., 1993b, Carbon and nitrogen distribution in aggregates from cultivated and native grassland soils, Soil. Sci. Soc. Am. J., 57, 1071-1076. crossref(new window)

Doran, J. W., 1980, Soil microbial and biochemical changes associated with reduced tillage, Soil. Sci. Soc. Am. J., 44, 765-771. crossref(new window)

Dorodnikov, M., Blagodatskaya, E., Blagodatsky, S., Marhan, S., Fangmeier, A., Kuzyakov, Y., 2009, Stimulation of microbial extracellular enzyme activities by elevated CO2 depends on aggregate size, Global Change Biology, 15, 1603-1614. crossref(new window)

Elliott, E. T., 1986, Aggregate structure and carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus in native and cultivated soils, Soil. Sci. Soc. Am. J., 50, 627-633. crossref(new window)

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 2007, Fourth Assessment Report (AR4), Geneva, Switzerland.

Janos, P., 2003, Separation methods in the chemistry of humic substances, J. Chromatogr. A, 983, 1-18. crossref(new window)

Jastrow, J. D., 1996, Soil aggregate formation and the accrual of particulate and mineral associated organic matter, Soil Biol. Biochem., 28, 656-676.

Keshavarzpour, F., Rashidi, M., 2008, Effect of different tillage methods on soil physical properties and crop yield of watermelon (Citrullus vulgaris), World Appl. Sci. J., 3, 359-364.

Lal, R., Kimble, J. M., Follet, R., 1997, Land use and soil carbon pools in terrestrial ecosystems, in: Lal, R., Kimble, J. M., Follet, R. (Eds), Management of Carbon Sequestration in Soils, CRC Press, New York, USA.

Lal, R., 2000, Erosion effects on agronomic productivity, in: Laflen, J. M., Tian, J., Huang., C. H. (Eds), Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA, 229-246.

Lal, R., 2007, Carbon management in agricultural soils, Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 12, 303-322. crossref(new window)

Lee, C. H., Jung, K. Y., Kang, S. S., Kim, M. S., Kim, Y. H., Kim, P. J., 2013, Effect of long-term fertilization on soil carbon and nitrogen pools in paddy soil, Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert., 46, 216-222. crossref(new window)

Lee, D. K., Owens, V. N., Doolittle, J. J., 2007, Switchgrass and soil carbon sequestration response to ammonium nitrate, manure, and harvest frequency on conservation reserve program land, Agronomy. J., 99, 462-468. crossref(new window)

Luo, Z. K., Wang, E. L., Sun, O. J., 2010, Can no-tillage stimulate carbon sequestration in agricultural soils? A meta-analysis of paired experiments, Agric. Ecosyst. Environ., 139, 224-231. crossref(new window)

Machado, P., Sohi, S.P., Gaunt, J.L., 2003, Effect of no-tillage on turnover of organic matter in a Rhodic Ferralsol, Soil Use and Management, 19, 250-256. crossref(new window)

Mukherjee M., 2008, Compost can turn agricultural soils into a carbon sink, thus protecting against climate change, Special issue of Waste Management and Research, 02/spu-cct022208.php.

Nieder, R., Benbi, D. K., 2008, Carbon and Nitrogen in the Terrestrial Environment, Springer, USA, 430.

Ogban, P. I., Ogunewe, W. N., Dike, R. I., Ajaelo, A.C., Ikeata, N. I., Achumba, U. E., Nyong, E. E., 2008, Effect of tillage and mulching practices on soil properties and growth and yield of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L), WALP) in Southeastern Nigeria, J. Tropical Agric., Food, Environment and Extension, 7(2), 118-128.

Paustian, K., Six, J., Elliott, E. T., Hunt, H. W., 2000, Management options for reducing $CO_{2}$ emissions from agricultural soils, Biogeochemistry, 48, 147-163. crossref(new window)

Piccolo, A., 1996, Humus and soil conservation, in: Piccolo, A. (Eds), Humic Substances in Terrestrial Ecosystems, Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 225-264.

Piccolo, A., Spaccini, R., Haberhauer, G., Gerzabek, M. H., 1999, Increased sequestration of organic carbon in soil by hydrophobic protection, Naturwissenschaften, 86, 496-499. crossref(new window)

Plante, A. F., Fernandez, J. M., Haddix, M. L., Steinweg, J. M., Conant R. T., 2011, Biological, chemical and thermal indices of soil organic matter stability in four grassland soils, Soil Biol. Biochem., 43, 1051-1058 crossref(new window)

Powlson, D. S., Jenkinson, D. S., 1981, A comparison of the organic matter, biomass, adenosine-triphosphate and mineralizable nitrogen contents of ploughed and direct-drilled soils, J. Agric. Sci., 97, 713-721. crossref(new window)

Puget, P., Chenu, C., Balesdent, J., 1995, Total and young organic matter distributions in aggregates of silty cultivated soils, Eur. J. Soil Sci., 46, 449-459. crossref(new window)

Rasool, R., Kukal, S. S., Hira, G. S., 2008, Soil organic carbon and physical properties as affected by long-term application of FYM and inorganic fertilizers in maize-wheat system, Soil and Tillage Research, 101, 31-36. crossref(new window)

Richter, D. D., Callaham, M. A., Powlson, D. S., Smith, P., 2007, Long-term soil experiments: keys to managing earth's rapidly changing ecosystems, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 71, 266-279. crossref(new window)

Schlesinger, W. H., 2000, Carbon sequestration in soils: Some cautions amidst optimism, Agric. Ecosyst. Environ., 82, 121-127. crossref(new window)

Six, J., Elliott, E. T., Paustian, K., 1998. Aggregate and SOM dynamics under conventional and no-tillage systems, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 63, 1350-1358.

Six, J., Elliott, E. T., Paustian, K., 1999, Aggregate and soil organic matter dynamics under conventional and no-tillage systems, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 63, 1350-1358. crossref(new window)

Six, J., Paustian, K., Elliott, E. T., Combrick, C., 2000, Soil structure and organic matter. I. Distribution of aggregate-size classes and aggregate-associated carbon, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 64, 681-689. crossref(new window)

Spaccini, R., Piccolo, A., Haberhauer, G., Gerzabek, M. H., 2000a, Transformation of organic matter from maize residues into labile and humic fractions of three European soils as revealed by 13C distribution and CPMAS-NMR spectra, Eur. J. Soil Sci. 51, 583-594. crossref(new window)

Spaccini, R., Conte, P., Zena, A., Piccolo, A., 2000b, Carbohydrates distribution in size-aggregates of three European soils under different climate, Fresen. Environ. Bull., 9, 468-476.

Sparling, G., Vojvodic-Vukovic, M., Schipper, L. A., 1998. Hot-water-soluble C as a simple measure of labile soil organic matter: the relationship with microbial biomass C, Soil Biol. Bioche., 30, 1469-1472. crossref(new window)

West, T. O., Post, W. M., 2002. Soil organic carbon sequestration rates by tillage and crop rotation: a global data analysis Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 66, 1930-1946. crossref(new window)