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Characteristics of the Number and the Mass Concentrations and the Elemental Compositions of PM10 in Jeju Area
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 Title & Authors
Characteristics of the Number and the Mass Concentrations and the Elemental Compositions of PM10 in Jeju Area
Kang, Chang-Hee; Hu, Chul-Goo;
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The number concentrations, the mass concentrations and the elemental concentrations of have measured at Gosan site in Jeju, Korea, from March 2010 to December 2010. And the correlation and the factor analysis for the number, the mass and the elemental concentrations of are performed to identify their relationships and sources. The average number concentration is observed () and the average mass concentration is shown () during this experimental period. The number concentrations are significantly decreased with increasing particle size, hence the concentrations for the smaller particles less than () are contributed 99.6% to the total number concentrations. The highest concentration of the 20 elements in determined in this study is shown by S with a mean value of and the lowest concentration of them is found by Cd with a mean value of . The elements in are evidently classified into two group based on their concentrations: In group 1, including S>Na>Al>Fe>Ca>Mg>K, the elemental mean concentrations are higher than several hundred , on the other hand, the concentrations are lower than several ten in group 2, including Zn>Mn>Ni>Ti>Cr>Co>Cu>Mo>Sr>Ba>V>Cd. The size-separated number concentrations are shown positively correlated with the mass concentrations in overall size ranges, although their correlation coefficients, which are monotonously increased or decreased with size range, are not high. The concentrations of the elements in group 1 are shown highly correlated with the mass concentrations, but the concentrations in group 2 are shown hardly correlated with the mass concentrations. The elements originated from natural sources have been predominantly related to the mass concentrations while the elements from anthropogenic sources have mainly affected on the number concentrations of .
;Number concentration;Mass concentration;Element composition;Correlation analysis;Factor analysis;Jeju;
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