Publisher : The Korean Environmental Sciences Society
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2014.23.8.1419
Title & Authors
Heavy Metal Removal of Acrylic Acid-grafted Bacterial Cellulose in Aqueous Solution Ahn, Yeong-Hee; Choi, Yong-Jin;
Electron beam-induced grafting polymerization was employed to prepare Acrylic acid-grafted bacterial cellulose (BC-g-AAc). BC-g-AAc as an adsorbent was applied to remove heavy metals (e.g., As, Pb, and Cd). This study examined followings; morphological change of surface, adsorptive behavior of BC-g-AAc, and interpretation of adsorptive kinetics. Specific surface areas of BC and BC-g-AAc were for BC and for BC-g-AAc, respectively as measured by BET nitrogen adsorption, revealing the morphological change of the surface of BC-g-AAc. Batch adsorption test was performed to investigate adsorptive behavior of BC-g-AAc in aqueous solution. The amounts of Pb and Cd adsorbed on BC-g-AAc were and , respectively. However, As was not adsorbed on BC-g-AAc due to its neutral nature. Both the Benaissa model and the Kurniawan model were applied in the study to interpret adsorptive kinetics. From the value of correction coefficient (), adsorptive kinetics of Pb and Cd were subjected to Kurniawan model referred to pseudo-second-order. Taken together, the results of this study show that BC-g-AAc has potential as a heavy metal (eg., Pb, Cd)-adsorbent made of an environmentally friendly material.
Electron beam-induced grafting polymerization;Bacterial cellulose;Heavy metal;Adsorbent;Adsorptive kinetic;
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