Publisher : The Korean Environmental Sciences Society
DOI : 10.5322/JESI.2015.24.10.1309
Title & Authors
Influence of Houttuynia Cordata Powder on The Growth Performance of Ducks and The Impact of AlCl3 Treatment on Ammonia flux in Duck Litter Chung, Tae-Ho; Choi, In-Hag;
The effects of Houttuynia cordata powder on the growth performance of ducks were investigated. Ninety ducks were assigned into one of three dietary treatments as a completely randomized design for 6 weeks: feeds supplemented with 1% or 2% H. cordata and a control group. No significant difference was observed in feed conversion among the three groups (p > 0.05), but addition of H. cordata had a significantly positive effect (p < 0.05) on initial and final body weight, weight gain, and feed intake of the ducks. Furthermore, the effects of chemical treatment (comprising 50 g and 100 g aluminum chloride  per kilogram litter) on the ammonia () flux in duck litters were also investigated. Duck litter was treated with at a depth of 8 cm by top-dressing; this resulted in a significant difference on flux (p < 0.05) during the experimental period (but not at 2 weeks). flux at 6 weeks were reduced by 25.4% and 37.5% by treatment with 1% and 2% H. cordata, respectively, compared with the control groups. In conclusion, enriching the diets of the ducks with 2% H. cordata and adding 100 g to their litter has beneficial effects on increasing their growth performance and reducing flux in their environment.
Abdulla, M. A., Ahmed, K. A., AL-Bayaty, F.H., Masood, Y., 2010, Gastroprotective effect of Phyllanthus niruri leaf extract against ethanol-induced gastric mucosal injury in rats. Afr. J. Pharm. Pharacol, 4, 226-230.
Catala-Gregori, P., Mallet, S., Travel, A., Lessire, M., 2008, Efficiency of a prebiotic and a plant extract on broiler performance and intestinal physiology. 16th European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition, World Poultry Science Association, Strasbourg, France.
Chen, Y. Y., Liu, J. F., Chen, C. M., Chao, P. Y., Chang, T. J., 2003, A study of the antioxidative and antimutagenic effects of Houttuynia cordata Thunb. using an oidized fying oil-fed model, J. Nutr. Sci. Vitaminol, 49, 327-333.
Choi, I. H., Choi, J. H., Ko, S. H., Moore, P. A. Jr., 2011, Reducing ammonia emissions and volatile fatty acids in poultry litter with liquid aluminum chloride, J. Environ. Sci. Health., Part B, 46, 432 435.
Duncan, D. B., 1955, Multiple range test, Biometrics, 11, 1-6.
Fu, J., Ling Dai, L., Lin, Z., Lu, H., 2013, Houttuynia cordata Thunb: A review of phytochemistry and pharmacology and quality control, Chin. Med, 4, 101-123.
Hayashi, K., Kamiya, M., Hayashi, T., 1995, Virucidal effects of the steam distillate from Houttuynia cordata and its components on HSV-1, influenza virus, and HIV, Planta Medica, 61, 237-241.
Kim, I. S., Kim, J. H., Kim, J. S., Yun, C. Y., Kim D. H., Lee, J. S., 2007, The inhibitory effect of Houttuynia cordata extract on stem cell factor-induced HMC-1 cell migration, J. Ethnopharmacol, 112, 90-95.
Lee, G. D., Kim, S. C., Choi, I. H., 2013, Using anhydrous aluminum chloride with calcium Carbonate to reduce ammonia volatilization and increase nitrogen content from poultry litter, J. Poult. Sci, 50, 172-176.
Lu, H., Liang, Y., Yi, L., Wu, X., 2006, Anti-inflammatory effect of Houttuynia cordata Injection, J. Ethnopharmacol., 104, 245-249.
Pokharel, B., 2010, Ammonia Emission from Poultry Industry, its Effects and Mitigation Mechanism, International Veterinary Students Association's Newsletter, December.
SAS Institute, 2002, SAS/STAT User's Guide: Version 8.2. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC.
Smith, D. R., Moore, P.A. Jr., Maxwell, C.V., Daniel, T.C., 2001, Dietary phytase and aluminum chloride manure amendments to reduce phosphorus and ammonia volatilization from swine manure. Pages 502-507 in Proceeding of 2001 International Symposium. G. B. Havenstein, ed. North Carolina State University, Raleigh.
Wenk, C., 2003, Herbs and botanicals as feed additives in monogastric animals. Asian-Austral J. Aim Sci, 16, 282-289.
Yan, L., Meng, Q. W., Kim, I. H., 2011, The effects of dietary Houttuynia cordata and Taraxacum officinale extract powder on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, blood characteristics and meat quality in finishing pigs, Livest. Sci, 141, 188-193.
Yan, L., Zhang, Z. F., Park, J. C., Kim, I. H., 2012, Evaluation of Houttuynia cordata and Taraxacum officinale on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, blood characteristics, and fecal microbial shedding in diet for weaning pigs. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci, 25, 1439-1444.