Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Analysis of Groundwater Discharge into the Geumjeong Tunnel and Baseflow Using Groundwater Modeling and Long-term Monitoring
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Analysis of Groundwater Discharge into the Geumjeong Tunnel and Baseflow Using Groundwater Modeling and Long-term Monitoring
Cheong, Jae-Yeol; Hamm, Se-Yeong; Yu, Il-Ryun; Whang, Hak-Soo; Kim, Sang-Hyun; Kim, Moon-Su;
  PDF(new window)
When constructing tunnels, it is important to understand structural, geological and hydrogeological conditions. Geumgeong tunnel that has been constructed in Mt. Geumjeong for the Gyeongbu express railway induced rapid drawdown of groundwater in the tunnel construction area and surroundings. This study aimed to analyze groundwater flow system and baseflow using long-term monitoring and groundwater flow modeling around Geumgeong tunnel. Field hydraulic tests were carried out in order to estimate hydraulic conductivity, transmissivity, and storativity in the study area. Following the formula of Turc and groundwater flow modeling, the annual evapotranspiration and recharge rate including baseflow were estimated as 48% and 23% compared to annual precipitation, respectively. According to the transient modeling for 12 years after tunnel excavation, baseflow was estimated as with a decreasing tendency.
Groundwater modeling;Long-term monitoring;Baseflow;Geumjeong tunnel;Groundwater discharge;
 Cited by
An, J. H., Hamm, S. Y., Lee, J. H., Kim, N. H., Yang, D. B., Hwang, J. G., 2008, Estimation of groundwater recharge in Junggwae-Boeun area in Ulsan city using the water balance and hydrogeological analyses, Econ. Environ. Geol., 41(4), 427-442.

Andres, G., Egger, R., 1985, A new tritium interface method for determining the recharge rate of deep groundwater in the Bavarian Molasse basin, J. Hydrol., 82, 27-38. crossref(new window)

Arnold, J. G., Muttiah, R. S., Srinivasan, R., Allen, P. M., 2000, Regional estimation of base flow and gorundwater recharge in the Upper Mississippi river basin, J. Hydrol., 227(1), 21-40. crossref(new window)

Bae, S. G., Kim, Y, H., 2006, Estimation of Groundwater Recharge Rate Using the NRCS-CN and the Baseflow Separation Methods, J. Korean Environ. Sci. Society, 15(3), 253-260.

Blaney, H. F., Criddle, W. D., 1950, Determining Water Requirements in Irrigated Areas from Climatological and Irrigation Data, USDA(SCS) TP-96. 48.

Cheong, J. Y., 2003, Groundwater flow system and modeling of crystalline rocks in Mt. Geumjeong, Busan, Korea, Ph. D. Dissertation, Pusan Nat. Univ., Busan, Korea.

Cho, B. W., 2001, Hydrogeological characteristics of the groundwater resources in the Busan area, Korea, Ph. D. Dissertation, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea.

Choi, B. S., Ahn, J. G., 1998, A study on the estimation of regional groundwater recharge ratio, J. Korean Society Groundw. Environ., 5(2), 57-65.

Hahn, J. S., 1998, Groundwater environment and contamination, Gallery Parkyoung, 1072.

Han, S. J., 1999, A study on the hydrogeochemical characteristics of thermal and groundwater in Dongnae-gu, M.S. Dissertation, Pusan National University, Busan, Korea.

Hamm, S. Y., Cheong, J. Y., Kim, H. S., Hahn, J. S., Cha, Y. H., 2005, Groundwater flow modeling in a riverbank filtration area, Deasan-Myeon, Changwon city, Econ. Environ. Geol., 38(1), 67-78.

Hamm, S. Y., Kim, M. S., Cheong, J. Y., Kim, J. Y., Son, M., Kim, T. W., 2007, Relationship between hydraulic conductivity and fracture properties estimated from packer tests and borehole data in a fractured granite, Engineering Geol., 92, 73-87. crossref(new window)

Hornberger, G. M., Raffensperger, J. P., Wiberg, P. L., Eshleman, K., 1998, Elements of Physical Hydrology. Johns Hopkins Press.

Im, J. Y., Lee, D. Y., Kim, Y. G., Choi, Y. S., Yeom, B. W., Lee, J. M., 1992, Report on survey of hot spring Storage in Dongrae, Busan city, Korea institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources, 234.

K-Water, 1995, Fundamental survey of groundwater resources (3rd), Report of groundwater control, K-Water.

Kang, D. H., Chung, S. Y., Shim, B. O., Kim, B. W., Cheong, S. W., 2002, Analysis of Groundwater-level variation caused by tunnel construction at a mountain area, Korean Society of Engineering Geology, Proceedings of th annual meeting, 137-146.

Kim, B. W., Chung, S. Y., Kang, D. H., Shim, B. O., Cheong, S. W., 2002, Estimation of groundwater recharge rate at the northern part of Seoul city, Korean Society of Engineering Geology, Proceedings of th annual meeting, 275-284.

Kim, T. W., Hamm, S. Y., Cheong, J. Y., Ryu, S. M., Lee, J. H., Son, K. T., Kim, N. H., 2008, Time series and groundwater recharge analyses using water fluctuation data in mountain Geumjeong area, J. Korean Environ. Sci. Society, 17(2), 257-267.

Koh, Y. K., Bae, D. S., Kim, K. S., Chung, H. J., Kim, S. Y., 2001, Consideration of the groundwater recharge based on environmental isotopic characteristics of the small basin in the Yeosu area, J. Soil Groundw. Environ., 6(3), 93-106.

Koo, M. H., Lee, D. H., 2002, A numerical analysis of the water level fluctuation method for quantifying groundwater recharge, J. Geological society of Korea, 38(3), 407-420.

Lee, B. D., 2001, Study on hydrogeological characteristics related to the excavation of Youngchun waterway tunnel, Ph. D. Dissertation, Pusan National University, Busan, Korea.

Lee, D. R., Yoon, Y. N., 1996, Estimation and analysis of groundwater recharge in Korea, Korean Society of Civil Engineers, 16, 321-334.

McDonald, M. G., Harbaugh, A. W., 1984, A modular three-dimensional finite-difference ground-water flow model, U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 83, 875, 528.

McDonald, M. G., Harbaugh, A. W., 1988, A modular three-dimensional finite-difference ground-water flow model, U.S. Geological Survey Techniques of Water-Resources Investigations, book 6, chap. A1, 586.

Meyboom, P., 1996, Estimating ground-water recharge from stream hydrographs, J. Geophys. Res., 66, 1203-1214.

Monteith, J. L., 1965, Evaporation and Environment, In Fogg, G.E., ed., Symposium of the Society for Experimental Biology, The State and Movement of Water in Living Organisms, 19, Academic Press, Inc., NY, 205-234.

Moon, S. K., Woo, N. C., 2001, Estimation of groundwater recharge ratio using cumulative precipitation and water-level change, J. Soil Groundw. Environ., 6, 33-43.

Park, C. K., 1996, Estimation of the available amount of groundwater in south Korea: 2. Application of five major river basins, J. Korean Society of Groundw. Environ., 3(1), 21-26.

Penman, H. L., 1948, Natural evapotranspiration from open water, bare soil, and grass, Proc. Roy. Soc. London, Ser. A, 193, 120-145. crossref(new window)

Seong, Y. H., Lee, B. D., Cho, B. Y., Ryu, C. R., Kim, G. S., Lee, C. O., Lee, B. J., Im, H. C., Lee, B. T., Gi, S. J., Kim, Y. Y., Seong, G. S., Park, D. W., Lee, D. H., Kim, J. R., Hyeon, H. J., Kim, Y. S., Hamm, S. Y., Yoon, S., Kim, H. J., 1999, Analysis of groundwater flow system in geumjeong tunnel and impact assessment of Dongrae hot spring area, Korea institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources, 443.

Solomon, D. K., Schief, S. L., Poreda, R. J., Clarke, W. B., 1993, A varidation of $^3H/^3He$ method for determining groundwater recharge, Water Resour. Res., 29(9), 2951-2962. crossref(new window)

Sukhija, B. S., Reddy, D. V., Nagabhushanam, P., Hussain, S., 1996, Environmental and injected tracers methodology to estimate direct precipitation recharge to a confined aquifer, J. Hydrol., 177, 77-97. crossref(new window)

Sunwoo, J. H., 1992, Needs of groundwater development in Korea, Magazine of Korea Water Resources Association, 25(4), 6-17.

Thornthwaite, C. W., 1944, Report of the Committee on Transpiration and Evaporation, 1943-1944. Transactions, American Geophysical Union, 25, 687.

Turc, L., 1963, Evaluation des besoins en eau d'irrigation, evapotranspiration potentielle, formulation simplifie et mise a jour, Ann. Agron., 12, 13-49.