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The Development and Application of the Teaching-Learning Program for Systems Thinking Learning in Elementary Science Classes
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 Title & Authors
The Development and Application of the Teaching-Learning Program for Systems Thinking Learning in Elementary Science Classes
Song, Jinyeo; Moon, Byungchan; Kim, Jonghee;
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 Abstract
The purpose of this study was to develop the systems thinking learning program and to confirm the effects of its application in the fourth grades` science class. For it, the test tools were designed to survey divergent thinking and the closed loop based on the casual relation. The systems thinking learning program was developed to make students learn scientific knowledge and systems thinking educational strategies through their regular science class. The two classes of fourth grade were selected and divided into experimental and control groups. After applying pre-test to two groups, the system thinking education program was applied to an experimental group according to the reconstructed lesson plan. Subsequently, post-test was applied to two groups 3 weeks after pre-test. The findings in this study were as follows. In divergent thinking, the systems thinking program was useful to two groups. It could be the repetition effect, but only the experimental group shows a statistically significant change. The effect of the closed loop based on casual relation was deemed statistically significant. It shows these educational strategies were effective in making students understand the systems thinking. Finally, the results of students` interviews shows they were satisfied with this program because they were able to express their thinking with confidence and to find new relations in the change of land. The results suggest that the more research is needed to further develop and improve on students` thinking skills in their regular science classes.
 Keywords
thinking skill;divergent thinking;systems thinking;elementary science class;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
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