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Expression of Δ-desaturase Gene in a Recombinant Pichia pastoris GS115 Strain and Its Activity
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  • Journal title : KSBB Journal
  • Volume 26, Issue 6,  2011, pp.557-560
  • Publisher : Korean Society for Biotechnology and Bioengineering
  • DOI : 10.7841/ksbbj.2011.26.6.557
 Title & Authors
Expression of Δ-desaturase Gene in a Recombinant Pichia pastoris GS115 Strain and Its Activity
Bae, Kyung-Dong;
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It has been known that Δ-desaturase (TAD5) in the biosynthetic pathway of long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids of Thraustochytrium aureumis responsible for the conversion of di-homo--linolenic acid (C20:4) into arachidonic acid (C20:4). The genetic sequence analysis on TAD5 of Thraustochytrium aureum ATCC34304 used in this study showed that it has two amino acid changes when compared to that of Thraustochytrium aureum TAD5 first reported in 2003. Accordingly, Thraustochytrium aureum ATCC34304 TAD5 was named TAD5_1. TAD5_1-inserted methylotropic Pichia pastoris was prepared and then cultured with a precursor fatty acid, di-homo--linolenic acid. GC analysis confirmed that a certain amount of the precursor fatty acid was converted into arachidonic acid. In this study, not only a recombinant Pichia pastoris with the typical activity of -desaturase which plays an essential role in the biosynthesis of LCPUFAs was successfully made but also the preparationpotential of a recombinant Pichia pastoris strain which may synthesize eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) that are important in maintaining and improving human's brain function was proposed.
Polyunsaturated fatty acids;delta 5 desaturase;di-homo- Δ-linolenic acid;arachidonic acid;Pichia pastoris;Thraustochytrium aureum;
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