JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Performance evaluation of suspended ceiling systems using shake table test
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Performance evaluation of suspended ceiling systems using shake table test
Ozcelik, Ozgur; Misir, Ibrahim S.; Saridogan, Serhan;
 Abstract
The national standard being used in Turkey for suspended ceiling systems (SCS) regulates material and dimensional properties but does not contain regulations regarding installation instructions which cause substandard applications of SCSs in practice. The lack of installation instructions would potentially affect the dynamic performance of these systems. Also, the vast majority of these systems are manufactured using substandard low-quality materials, and this will inevitably increase SCS related damages during earthquakes. The experimental work presented here focuses on the issue of dynamic performance of SCSs with different types of carrier systems (lay-on and clip-in systems), different weight conditions, and material-workmanship qualities. Moreover, the effects of auxiliary fastening elements, so called seismic perimeter clips, in improving the dynamic performance of SCSs were experimentally investigated. Results show that clip-in ceiling system performs better than lay-on system regardless of material and workmanship qualities. On the other hand, the quality aspect becomes the most important parameter in affecting the dynamic performance of lay-on type systems as opposed to tile weights and usage of perimeter clips. When high quality system is used, tile weight does not change the performance of lay-on system, however in poor quality system, tile weight becomes an important factor where heavier tiles considerably decrease the performance level. Perimeter clips marginally increase the dynamic performance of lay-on ceiling system, but it has no effect on the clip-in ceiling system under the shaking levels considered.
 Keywords
suspended ceiling systems;shake table tests;performance characterization;non-structural elements;seismic perimeter clips;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
AC156 (2000), Acceptance Criteria for the Seismic Qualification of Nonstructural Components, International Conference of Building Officials (ICBO), ICBO Evaluation Service, Inc., Whittier, California.

2.
ANCO Engineers Inc. (1993), "Earthquake testing of a suspended ceiling system", Culver City, California.

3.
Badillo, H. (2003), "Seismic fragility testing of suspended ceiling systems", M.Sc. Thesis, School of Engineering, University of Buffalo (SUNY), Buffalo, NY.

4.
Badillo, H., Whittaker, A.S. and Reinhorn, A.M. (2007) "Seismic fragility of suspended ceiling systems" Earthq Spectra, 23(1), 21-40. crossref(new window)

5.
Benuska, L. (1990), "Loma Prieta earthquake reconnaissance report", Earthq Spectra, Supplement to 6, 339-377. crossref(new window)

6.
Ceiling and Interior System Contractors (CISCA) (1992), Guidelines for Seismic Restraint for Direct-hung Suspended Ceiling Assemblies, 1500 Lincoln Highway, Suite 202, St. Charles, Illinois, 60174.

7.
DLH (2007), Earthquake Technical Regulations for the Construction of Shore and Harbour Structures, Railways and Airports (in Turkish), Ministry of Transportation, Ankara.

8.
Echevarria, A., Zaghi, A.E., Soroushian, S. and Maragakis, M. (2012), "Seismic fragility of suspended ceiling systems", 15th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Lisbon, September.

9.
Gilani, A.S., Reinhorn, A.M., Glasgow, B., Lavan, O. and Miyamoto, H.K. (2010), "Earthquake simulator testing and seismic evaluation of suspended ceilings", J. Arch. Eng., 16(2), 63-73. crossref(new window)

10.
Huang, W.C., McClurea, G. and Hussainzadab, N. (2013), "Seismic interactions between suspended ceilings and nonstructural partition walls", J. Coupl. Syst. Mech., 2(4), 329-348. crossref(new window)

11.
Istanbul Highrise Buildings Earthquake Code (2008), Istanbul Highrise Buildings Earthquake Code Draft Version, The Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute, Bosphorus University, Cengelkoy, Istanbul. (in Turkish)

12.
Magliulo, G., Pentangelo, V., Maddaloni, G., Capozzi, V., Petrone, C., Lopez, P. and Manfredi, G. (2012), "Shake table tests for seismic assessment of suspended continuous ceilings", Bull. Earthq. Eng., 10(6), 1819-1832. crossref(new window)

13.
McCormick, J., Matsuoka, Y., Pan, P. and Nakashima, M. (2008), "Evaluation of non-structural partition walls and suspended ceiling systems through a shake table study", Proceedings of the 2008 Structures Congress, Vancouver, April.

14.
Rihal, S. and Granneman, G. (1984), "Experimental investigation of the dynamic behavior of building partitions and suspended ceilings during earthquakes", Report No. ARCE R84-1, California Polytechnic State University, Pomona, California.

15.
Sharpe, R., Kost, G. and Lord, J. (1973), "Behavior of structural systems under dynamic loads", Building Practices for Disaster Mitigation, Building Science Series 46, National Bureau of Standards, 352-394.

16.
Soroushian, S., Maragakis, E.M. and Jenkins, C. (2015a), "Capacity evaluation of suspended ceiling components, part 1: experimental studies", J. Earthq. Eng., 19(5), 784-804. crossref(new window)

17.
Soroushian, S., Maragakis, E.M. and Jenkins, C. (2015b), "Capacity evaluation of suspended ceiling components, part 2: analytical studies", J. Earthq. Eng., 19(5), 805-821. crossref(new window)

18.
TS EN 13964 (2008), Suspended Ceilings-Requirements and Test Methods, Turkish Standards Institute, Ankara. (in Turkish)

19.
Yao, G.C. (2000), "Seismic performance of direct hung suspended ceiling systems", J. Arch. Eng., 6(1), 6-11. crossref(new window)