Wind direction field under the influence of topography: part II: CFD investigations

• Journal title : Wind and Structures
• Volume 22, Issue 4,  2016, pp.477-501
• Publisher : Techno-Press
• DOI : 10.12989/was.2016.22.4.477
Title & Authors
Wind direction field under the influence of topography: part II: CFD investigations
Li, S.W.; Hu, Z.Z.; Tse, K.T.; Weerasuriya, A.U.;
Abstract
Though hilly topography influences both wind speeds and directions aloft, only the influence on wind speeds, i.e. the speed-up effect, has been thoroughly investigated. Due to the importance of a model showing the spatial variations of wind directions above hilly terrains, it is worthwhile to systematically assess the applicability and limitations of the model describing the influence of hilly topographies on wind directions. Based on wind-tunnel test results, a model, which describes the horizontal and vertical variations of the wind directions separately, has been proposed in a companion paper. CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) techniques were employed in the present paper to evaluate the applicability of the proposed model. From the investigation, it has been found that the model is acceptable for describing the vertical variation of wind directions by a shallow hill whose primary-to-secondary axis ratio (aspect ratio) is larger than 1. When the overall hill slope exceeds $\small{20^{\circ}}$, the proposed model should be used with caution. When the aspect ratio is less than 1, the proposed model is less accurate in predicting the spatial variation of wind directions in the wake zone in a separated flow. In addition, it has been found that local slope of a hill has significant impact on the applicability of the proposed model. Specifically, the proposed model is only applicable when local slope of a hill varies gradually from 0 (at the hill foot) to the maximum value (at the mid-slope point) and then to 0 (at the hill top).
Keywords
computation;topography;wind characteristics;direction changes;
Language
English
Cited by
1.
Wind direction field under the influence of topography, part I: A descriptive model,;;;;

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