Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Seismic performance of skewed highway bridges using analytical fragility function methodology
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Computers and Concrete
  • Volume 16, Issue 5,  2015, pp.723-740
  • Publisher : Techno-Press
  • DOI : 10.12989/cac.2015.16.5.723
 Title & Authors
Seismic performance of skewed highway bridges using analytical fragility function methodology
Bayat, M.; Daneshjoo, F.;
In this study, the seismic performance of skewed highway bridges has been assessed by using fragility function methodology. Incremental Dynamic Analysis (IDA) has been used to prepare complete information about the different damage states of a 30 degree skewed highway bridge. A three dimensional model of a skewed highway bridge is presented and incremental dynamic analysis has been applied. The details of the full nonlinear procedures have also been presented. Different spectral intensity measures are studied and the effects of the period on the fragility curves are shown in different figures. The efficiency, practicality and proficiency of these different spectral intensity measures are compared. A suite of 20 earthquake ground motions are considered for nonlinear time history analysis. It has been shown that, considering different intensity measures (IM) leads us to overestimate or low estimate the damage probability which has been discussed completely.
nonlinear time history analysis;fragility function methodology;intensity measures;
 Cited by
Closed-form fragility analysis of the steel moment resisting frames,;;

Steel and Composite Structures, 2016. vol.21. 1, pp.93-107 crossref(new window)
Seismic fragility curves for highly skewed highway bridges, Journal of Vibroengineering, 2017, 19, 4, 2749  crossref(new windwow)
Closed-form fragility analysis of the steel moment resisting frames, Steel and Composite Structures, 2016, 21, 1, 93  crossref(new windwow)
Multivariate probabilistic seismic demand model for the bridge multidimensional fragility analysis, KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, 2018  crossref(new windwow)
Agency, F.E.M. (2009), "Quantification of building seismic performance factors", FEMA P695, Washington, DC.

Alam, S., Rahman Bhuiyan, M.A. and Muntasir Billah, A.H.M. (2012), "Seismic fragility assessment of SMA-bar restrained multi-span continuous highway bridge isolated by different laminated rubber bearings in medium to strong seismic risk zones", B. Earthq. Eng.,10(6), 1885-1909. crossref(new window)

Kalantari, A. and Amjadian, M. (2010), "An approximate method for dynamic analysis of skewed highway bridges with continuous rigid deck", Eng. Struct., 32(9), 2850-2860. crossref(new window)

Amjadian, M. and Kalantari, A. (2012), "Influence of seismic pounding on dynamic response of skewed highway bridges", 15th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Lisbon.

Ataei, N. and Padgett, J.E (2013), "Limit state capacities for global performance assessment of bridges exposed to hurricane surge and wave", Struct. Saf., 41, 73-81. crossref(new window)

Bayat, M., Daneshjoo, F. and Nistico, N. (2015a), "Probabilistic sensitivity analysis of multi-span highway bridges", Steel Compos. Struct., 19(1), 237-262. crossref(new window)

Bayat, M., Daneshjoo, F. and Nistico, N. (2015b), "A novel proficient and sufficient intensity measure for probabilistic analysis of skewed highway bridges", Struct. Eng. Mech., 55(6), 1177-1202. crossref(new window)

Bisadi,V., Head, M. and Gardoni, P. (2011), "Seismic fragility estimates and optimization of retrofitting strategies for reinforced concrete bridges", Case study of the fabela bridge in Toluca, Mexico, ASCE Structures Congress, 13-22.

Boore, D.M., Joyner, W.B. and Fumal, T.E. (1993), "Estimation of response spectra and peak accelerations from western North American earthquakes: an interim report", Open-File Report 93-509, U.S. Geological Survey.

Choi, E., DesRoches, R. and Nielson, B. (2004), "Seismic fragility of typical bridges in moderate seismic zones", Eng. Struct., 26(2), 187-199. crossref(new window)

Cimerallo, G.P., Reinhorn, A.M. and Bruneau, M. (2010), "Framework for analytical quantification of disaster resilience", Eng. Struct., 32(11), 3639-3649. crossref(new window)

Cornell, A.C., Jalayer, F. and Hamburger, R.O. (2002), "Probabilistic basis for 2000 SAC federal emergency management agency steel moment frame guidelines", J. Struct. Eng., 128(4), 526-532. crossref(new window)

Deepu, S.P., Prajapat. K. and Ray-Chaudhuri. S. (2014), "Seismic vulnerability of skew bridges under bidirectional ground motions", Eng. Struct., 71(9), 150-160. crossref(new window)

Eads, L., Miranda, E., Krawinkler, H. and Lignos, D. (2013), "An efficient method for estimating the collapse risk of structures in seismic regions", Earthq. Eng. Struct. D., 42(1), 25-41. crossref(new window)

Elnashai, A.S, Borzi, B. and Vlachos, S. (2004), "Deformation-based vulnerability functions for R/C bridges", Struct. Eng. Mech., 17(2), 215-244. crossref(new window)

Federal Emergency Management Agency (1999), "Multi-hazard loss estimation methodology, earthquake model", HAZUS99 User's Manual, Washington DC.

FEMA (2003), HAZUS-MH MR1: Technical Manual, Federal Emergency Management Agency Washington, DC.

Ghobarah, A. and Tso, W. (1973), "Seismic analysis of skewed highway bridges with intermediate supports", Earthq. Eng. Struct. D., 2(3), 235-248. crossref(new window)

Hwang, H., Liu, J. and Chiu, Y. (2001), "Seismic fragility analysis of highway bridges", Center for Earthquake Research and Information, University of Memphis, Memphis, Technical Report.

Kameshwar, S. and Padgett, J.E. (2014), "Multi-hazard risk assessment of highway bridges subjected to earthquake and hurricane hazards," Eng. Struct., 78(11), 154-166. crossref(new window)

Katsanos, E.I. and Sextos, A.G. (2013), "An integrated software environment for structure-specific earthquake ground motion selection," Adv. Eng. Soft., 58, 70-85. crossref(new window)

Mackie, K. and Stojadinovic, B. (2003), "Seismic demands for performance-based design of bridges," PEER Report No. 2003/16, Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center, University of California, Berkeley CA.

Maragakis, E.A. and Jennings, P.C. (1987), "Analytical models for the rigid body motions of skew bridges", Earthq. Eng. Struct. D., 15(8), 923-944. crossref(new window)

Meng, J.Y. and Lui, E.M. (2000), "Seismic analysis and assessment of a skew highway bridge", Eng. Struct., 22, 1433-1452. crossref(new window)

Nielson, G.B. (2005), "Analytical fragility curves for highway bridges in moderate seismic zones", Georgia Institute of Technology, in partial requirement for the requirement for Doctor of Philosophy.

Padgett Jamie, E., Nielson Bryant, G. and DesRoches, R. (2008), "Selection of optimal intensity measures in probabilistic seismic demand models of highway bridge portfolios", Earthq. Eng. Struct. D., 37(5), 711-725. crossref(new window)

Shinozuka, M., Feng, M.Q., Kim, H., Uzawa, T. and Ueda, T. (2001), "Statistical analysis of bridge fragility curves", Unpublished MCEER Technical Report.

Shinozuka, M., Kim, S.H., Kushiyama S. and Yi, J.H. (2002), "Fragility curves of concrete bridges retrofitted by Column Jacketing", J. Earthq. Eng. E. Vibr., 1(2), 195-205 crossref(new window)

Sung, Y.C. and Su. C.K. (2011), "Time-dependent seismic fragility curves on optimal retrofitting of neutralised reinforced concrete bridges", Struct Infrastr. E., 7(10), 797-805. crossref(new window)

Tavares, D.H., Padgett. J.E.and Paultre P. (2012), "Fragility curves of typical as-built highway bridges in eastern Canada", Eng. Struct., 40(9), 107-118. crossref(new window)

Wakefield, R.R., Nazmy, A.S. and Billington, D.P. (1991), "Analysis of seismic failure in skew RC bridge", J. Struct. Eng., 117(3), 972-986. crossref(new window)

Wright, T., DesRoches, R. and Padgett, J.E. (2011), "Bridge seismic retrofitting practices in the Central and Southeastern United States", J. Bridge Eng., 16(1), 82-92. crossref(new window)

Yi, J.H., Kim, S.H. and Kushiyama, S. (2007), "PDF interpolation technique for seismic fragility analysis of bridges", Eng. Struct., 29, 1312-1322. crossref(new window)