JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Empirical modeling of flexural and splitting tensile strengths of concrete containing fly ash by GEP
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Computers and Concrete
  • Volume 17, Issue 4,  2016, pp.489-498
  • Publisher : Techno-Press
  • DOI : 10.12989/cac.2016.17.4.489
 Title & Authors
Empirical modeling of flexural and splitting tensile strengths of concrete containing fly ash by GEP
Saridemir, Mustafa;
 Abstract
In this paper, the flexural strength () and splitting tensile strength () of concrete containing different proportions of fly ash have been modeled by using gene expression programming (GEP). Two GEP models called GEP-I and GEP-II are constituted to predict the and values, respectively. In these models, the age of specimen, cement, water, sand, aggregate, superplasticizer and fly ash are used as independent input parameters. GEP-I model is constructed by 292 experimental data and trisected into 170, 86 and 36 data for training, testing and validating sets, respectively. Similarly, GEP-II model is constructed by 278 experimental data and trisected into 142, 70 and 66 data for training, testing and validating sets, respectively. The experimental data used in the validating set of these models are independent from the training and testing sets. The results of the statistical parameters obtained from the models indicate that the proposed empirical models have good prediction and generalization capability.
 Keywords
flexural strength;splitting tensile strength;fly ash;genetic programming;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
Suggesting a new testing device for determination of tensile strength of concrete,;;;

Structural Engineering and Mechanics, 2016. vol.60. 6, pp.939-952 crossref(new window)
1.
Empirical Modeling of Modal Damping Ratio of Impact-Damped Flexible Beams by GEP, Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering, 2017  crossref(new windwow)
2.
Improved predictive model to the cross-sectional resistance of CFT, Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology, 2017, 31, 8, 3887  crossref(new windwow)
3.
Suggesting a new testing device for determination of tensile strength of concrete, Structural Engineering and Mechanics, 2016, 60, 6, 939  crossref(new windwow)
 References
1.
Atis, C.D. (2003), "High volume fly ash concrete with high strength and low drying shrinkage", J. Mater. Civ. Eng., 15(2), 153-156. crossref(new window)

2.
Atis, C.D. (2005), "Strength properties of high-volume fly ash roller compacted and workable concrete, and influence of curing condition", Cem. Concr. Res., 35(6), 1112-1121. crossref(new window)

3.
Bharatkumar, B.H., Raghuprasad, B.K., Ramachandramurthy, D.S. Narayanan, B.K. and Gopalakrishnan, S. (2005), "Effect of fly ash and slag on the fracture characteristics of high performance concrete", Mater. Struct., 38(1), 63-72. crossref(new window)

4.
Cevik, A. and Cabalar, A.F. (2009), "Modelling damping ratio and shear modulus of sand-mica mixtures using genetic programming", Expert Syst. Appl., 36(4), 7749-7757. crossref(new window)

5.
Ferreira, C. (2001), "Gene expression programming: a new adaptive algorithm for solving problems", Complex Syst., 13(2), 87-129.

6.
Ferreira, C. (2002), "Discovery of the Boolean Functions to the Best Density-Classification Rules Using Gene Expression Programming", Eds., Lutton, E. Foster, J.A. Miller, J., Ryan, C. and Tettamanzi, A.G.B., Proceedings of the 4th European Conference on GP, EuroGP 2002, 2278 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany, 51-60.

7.
Ferreira, C. (2003), "Function finding and the creation of numerical constants in gene expression programming", Eds., Benitez, J.M., Cordon, O., Hoffmann, F. and Roy R., Advances in Soft Computing-Engineering Design and Manufacturing, Springer-Verlag, 257-266.

8.
Haque, M.N. and Kayali, O. (1998), "Properties of high-strength concrete using a fine fly ash", Cement Concrete Res., 28(10), 1445-1452. crossref(new window)

9.
Haque, M.N., Langan, B.W. and Ward, M.A. (1984), "High fly ash concrete", ACI Mater. J., 81, 54-60.

10.
Jau, W.C., Fu, C.W. and Yang, C.T. (2004), "Study of feasibility and mechanical properties for producing high-flowing concrete with recycled coarse aggregates", Int. Workshop on Sustainable Development and Concr. Technol., 89-102.

11.
Jerath S. and Hanson N. (2007), "Effect of fly ash content and aggregate gradation on the durability of concrete pavements", J. Mater. Civ. Eng., 19(5), 367-375. crossref(new window)

12.
Kim, J.K., Han, S.H., Park, Y.D. and Noh, J.H. (1998), "Material properties of self-flowing concrete", J. Mater. Civ. Eng., 10(4), 244-249. crossref(new window)

13.
Kumar, B., Tike, G.K. and Nanda, P.K. (2007), "Evaluation of properties of high-volume fly-ash concrete for pavements", J. Mater. Civ. Eng., 19(10), 906-911. crossref(new window)

14.
Lam, L., Wong, Y.L. and Poon, C.S. (1998), "Effect of FA and SF on compressive and fracture behaviors of concrete", Cement Concrete Res., 28, 271-283. crossref(new window)

15.
Mittal, A., Kaisare, M.B. and Rajendrakumar, S. (2006), "Parametric study on use of pozzolanic materials in concrete", New Build. Mater. Constr. World, 94-112.

16.
Mohammed, B.S. and Fang, O.C. (2011), "Mechanical and durability properties of concretes containing paper-mill residuals and fly ash", Constr. Build. Mater., 25(2), 717-725. crossref(new window)

17.
Saridemir, M. (2011), "Empirical modeling of splitting tensile strength from cylinder compressive strength of concrete by genetic programming", Expert Syst. Appl., 38(11), 14257-14268.

18.
Saridemir, M. (2014), "Effect of specimen size and shape on compressive strength of concrete containing fly ash: Application of genetic programming for design", Mater. Design, 56, 297-304. crossref(new window)

19.
Sekhar, T.S. and Rao, P.S. (2008), "Relationship between compressive, split tensile, flexural strength of selfcompacted concrete", Int. J. Mech. Solid., 3(2), 157-168.

20.
Siddique, R. (2003), "Effect of fine aggregate replacement with Class F fly ash on the mechanical properties of concrete", Cement Concrete Res., 33(11), 539-547. crossref(new window)

21.
Siddique, R. (2004), "Performance characteristics of high-volume Class F fly ash concrete", Cement Concrete Res., 34(3), 487-493. crossref(new window)

22.
Siddique, R. (2011), "Properties of self-compacting concrete containing Class F fly ash", Mater. Design, 32, 1501-1507. crossref(new window)

23.
Sukumar, B., Nagamani, K. and Raghavan, R.S. (2008), "Evaluation of strength at early ages of selfcompacting concrete with high volume fly ash", Constr. Build. Mater., 22, 1394-1401. crossref(new window)

24.
Yaprak, H., Simsek, O. and Aruntas, H.Y. (2004), "Effect of fly ash and blast furnace slag on properties of superplasticizer added concrete", Beton 2004 Congress Proceedings, Istanbul, 707-715.