The effect of non-persistent joints on sliding direction of rock slopes

- Journal title : Computers and Concrete
- Volume 17, Issue 6, 2016, pp.723-737
- Publisher : Techno-Press
- DOI : 10.12989/cac.2016.17.6.723

Title & Authors

The effect of non-persistent joints on sliding direction of rock slopes

Sarfarazi, Vahab; Haeri, Hadi; Khaloo, Alireza;

Sarfarazi, Vahab; Haeri, Hadi; Khaloo, Alireza;

Abstract

In this paper an approach was described for determination of direction of sliding block in rock slopes containing planar non-persistent open joints. For this study, several gypsum blocks containing planar non-persistent open joints with dimensions of were build. The rock bridges occupy 45, 90 and of total shear surface (), and their configuration in shear plane were different. From each model, two similar blocks were prepared and were subjected to shearing under normal stresses of 3.33 and . Based on the change in the configuration of rock-bridges, a factor called the Effective Joint Coefficient (EJC) was formulated, that is the ratio of the effective joint surface that is in front of the rock-bridge and the total shear surface. In general, the failure pattern is influenced by the EJC while shear strength is closely related to the failure pattern. It is observed that the propagation of wing tensile cracks or shear cracks depends on the EJC and the coalescence of wing cracks or shear cracks dominates the eventual failure pattern and determines the peak shear load of the rock specimens. So the EJC is a key factor to determine the sliding direction in rock slopes containing planar non-persistent open joints.

Keywords

planar non-persistent discontinuity;rock bridge;effective joint coefficient;tensile and shear cracks;

Language

English

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