JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Seismic response estimation of steel plate shear walls using nonlinear static methods
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Seismic response estimation of steel plate shear walls using nonlinear static methods
Dhar, Moon Moon; Bhowmick, Anjan K.;
 Abstract
One of the major components for performance based seismic design is accurate estimation of critical seismic demand parameters. While nonlinear seismic analysis is the most appropriate analysis method for estimation of seismic demand parameters, this method is very time consuming and complex. Single mode pushover analysis method, N2 method and multi-mode pushover analysis method, modal pushover analysis (MPA) are two nonlinear static methods that have recently been used for seismic performance evaluation of few lateral load-resisting systems. This paper further investigates the applicability of N2 and MPA methods for estimating the seismic demands of ductile unstiffened steel plate shear walls (SPSWs). Three different unstiffened SPSWs (4-, 8-, and 15-storey) designed according to capacity design approach were analysed under artificial and real ground motions for Vancouver. A comparison of seismic response quantities such as, height-wise distribution of floor displacements, storey drifts estimated using N2 and MPA methods with more accurate nonlinear seismic analysis indicates that both N2 and MPA procedures can reasonably estimates the peak top displacements for low-rise SPSW buildings. In addition, MPA procedure provides better predictions of inter-storey drifts for taller SPSW. The MPA procedure has been extended to provide better estimate of base shear of SPSW.
 Keywords
nonlinear seismic analysis;N2 method;modal pushover analysis;finite element analysis;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
ANSI/AISC (2010), Seismic Provisions for Structural Steel Buildings; American Institute of Steel Construction Inc., Chicago, IL, USA.

2.
Applied Technology Council (1996), Seismic Evaluation and Retrofit of Concrete Buildings; ATC-40, Seismic Safety Commission, State of California, CA, USA.

3.
ASCE (2010), Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and other Structures; American Society of Civil Engineers, VA, USA.

4.
Atkinson, G.M. (2009), Earthquake Time Histories Compatible with the 2005 NBCC Uniform Hazard Spectrum. URL: www.seismotoolbox.ca

5.
Behbahanifard, M., Gilbert, R., Grondin, Y. and Elwi, A.E. (2003), "Experimental and numerical investigation of steel plate shear walls", Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Alberta; Edmonton, Canada.

6.
Berman, J.W. and Bruneau, M. (2008), "Capacity design of vertical boundary elements in steel plate shear walls", Eng. J., 45(1), 57-71.

7.
Bhowmick, A.K., Driver, R.G. and Grondin, G.Y. (2008), "Nonlinear seismic analysis of steel plate shear walls considering strain rate and P-delta effects", J. Construct. Steel Res., 65(5), 1149-1159.

8.
Bhowmick, A.K., Grondin, G.Y. and Driver, R.G. (2011), "Estimating fundamental periods of steel plate shear walls", Eng. Struct., 33(6), 1883-1893. crossref(new window)

9.
CEN. Eurocode 8 (2001), Design of Structures for Earthquake Resistance, Part-1; European Standard prEN 1998-1, Draft No. 4, European Committee for Standardization, Brussels, Belgium.

10.
Chintanapakdee, C. and Chopra, A.K. (2003), "Evaluation of modal pushover analysis using generic frames", Earthq. Eng. Struct. Dyn., 32(3), 417-442. crossref(new window)

11.
Chopra, A.K. and Goel, R.K. (2001), "A modal pushover analysis procedure to estimate seismic demans for buildings: Theory and preliminary evaluation", Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center; CA, USA.

12.
Chopra, A.K., Goel, R.K. and Chintanapakdee, C. (2004), "Evaluation of a modified MPA procedure assuming higher modes as elastic to estimates seismic demands", Earthq. Spectra, 20(3), 757-778. crossref(new window)

13.
CSA (2009), "Limit states design of steel structures", Canadian Standards Association, Toronto, ON, Canada.

14.
Driver, R.G., Kulak, G.L., Kennedy, D.J.L. and Elwi, A.E. (1998), "Cyclic test of four storey steel plate shear wall", J. Struct. Eng., ASCE, 124(2), 112-120. crossref(new window)

15.
Fajfar, P. (1999), "Capacity spectrum method based on inelastic demand spectra", Earthq. Eng. Struct. Dyn., 28(9), 979-993. crossref(new window)

16.
FEMA (1997), NEHRP Guidelines for the Seismic Rehabilitation of Buildings; FEMA-273, Applied Technology Council for the Building Seismic Safety Council, Washington, D.C., USA.

17.
FEMA (2005), Improvement of Nonlinear Static Seismic Analysis Procedures: FEMA-440, Applied Technology Council (ATC-55 Project), Washington, D.C., USA.

18.
Goel, R.K. and Chopra, A.K. (2005), "Role of higher-"Mode" pushover analysis in seismic analysis of the buildings", Earthq. Spectra, 21(5), 1027-1041. crossref(new window)

19.
Guo, L., Rong, Q., Ma, X. and Zhang, S. (2011), "Behavior of steel plate shear wall connected to frame beams only", Int. J. Steel Struct., 11(4), 467-479. crossref(new window)

20.
John, A. and Halchuk, S. (2003), "Fourth generation seismic hazard maps of Canada: Values for over 650 Canadian localities intended for the 2005 national building code of Canada", Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada.

21.
Kalkan, E. and Kunnath, S.K. (2007), "Assessment of current nonlinear static procedures for seismic evaluation of buildings", Eng. Struct., 29(3), 305-316. crossref(new window)

22.
Lubell, A.S., Prion, H.G.L., Ventura C.E. and Rezai, M. (2000), "Unstiffened steel plate shear wall performance under cyclic load", J. Struct. Eng., ASCE, 126(4), 453-460. crossref(new window)

23.
Miranda, E. and Bertero, V.V. (1994), "Evaluation of strength reduction factors for earthquake resistent design", Earthq. Spectra, 10(2), 357-379. crossref(new window)

24.
Naumoski, N., Murat S. and Kambiz, A.H. (2004), "Effects of scaling of earthquake excitations on the dynamic response of reinforced concrete frame buildings", Proceedings of the 13th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Vancouver, BC, Canada, August.

25.
NBCC (2010), National Building Code of Canada; Canadian Commission on Building and Fire Codes, National Research Council of Canada (NRCC), Ottawa, ON, Canada.

26.
Nguyen, A.H., Chintanapakdee, C. and Hayashikawa, T. (2010), "Assessment of current nonlinear static procedures for seismic evaluation of BRBF buildings", J. Construct. Steel Res., 66(8-9), 1118-1127. crossref(new window)

27.
PEER (2010), Next Generation Attenuation of Ground Motions Project (NGA) Database; Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center, Berkely, CA, USA.

28.
Qu, B. and Bruneau, M. (2010), "Capacity design of intermediate horizontal boundary elements of steel plate shear walls", J. Struct. Eng., 136 (6), 665-675. crossref(new window)

29.
Sabouri-Ghomi, S. and Sajjadi, S.R.A. (2012), "Experimental and theoretical studies of steel shear walls with and without stiffeners", J. Construct. Steel Res., 75, 152-159. crossref(new window)

30.
Thorburn, L.J., Kulak, G.L. and Montgomery, C.J. (1983), "Analysis of steel plate shear walls", Structural Report No. 107; Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada.

31.
Timler, P.A. and Kulak, G.L. (1983), "Experimental study of steel plate shear walls", Structural Engineering Report No. 114; Department of Civil Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada.

32.
Topkaya, C. and Atasoy, M. (2009), "Lateral stiffness of steel plate shear wall systems", Thin-Wall. Struct., 47(8-9), 827-835. crossref(new window)

33.
Topkaya, C. and Kurban, C.O. (2009), "Natural periods of steel plate shear wall systems", J. Construct. Steel Res., 65(3), 542-551. crossref(new window)

34.
Vidic, T., Fajfar, P. and Fischinger, M. (1994), "Consistent inelastic design spectra: Strength and displacement", Earthq. Eng. Struct. Dyn., 23(5), 507-521. crossref(new window)