JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Electro-mechanical impedance based monitoring for the setting of cement paste using piezoelectricity sensor
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Smart Structures and Systems
  • Volume 17, Issue 1,  2016, pp.123-134
  • Publisher : Techno-Press
  • DOI : 10.12989/sss.2016.17.1.123
 Title & Authors
Electro-mechanical impedance based monitoring for the setting of cement paste using piezoelectricity sensor
Lee, Jun Cheol; Shin, Sung Woo; Kim, Wha Jung; Lee, Chang Joon;
 Abstract
The evolution of the electro-mechanical impedance (EMI) of a piezoelectricity (PZT) sensor was investigated to determine the setting times of cement paste in this study. The PZT sensor coated with non-conductive acrylic resin was embedded in fresh cement paste and the EMI signatures were continuously monitored. Vicat needle test and semi-adiabatic calorimetry test were also conducted to validate the EMI sensing technique. Significant changes in the EMI resonance peak magnitude and frequency during the setting period were observed and the setting times determined by EMI sensing technique were relevant to those measured by Vicat needle test and semi-adiabatic calorimetry test.
 Keywords
electro-mechanical impedance;piezoelectricity sensor;setting;cement paste;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
Abel, J.D. and Hover, K.C. (2000), "Field study of the setting behavior of fresh concrete, cement", Cement Concrete Aggr., 22(2), 95-102. crossref(new window)

2.
ASTM C150/C150M-12 (2012), Standard Specification for Portland Cement, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA.

3.
ASTM C191-13 (2013), Standard Test Methods for Time of Setting of Hydraulic Cement by Vicat Needle, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA.

4.
ASTM C305-14 (2014), Standard Practice for Mechanical Mixing of Hydraulic Cement Pastes and Mortars of Plastic Consistency, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA.

5.
Carino, S.J. (1995), The use of temperature as an indicator of setting time of mortar specimens, Undergraduate Research Project, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY.

6.
Christensen, B.J. (2006), Time of setting-Significance of tests and properties of concrete and concrete making materials, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, USA.

7.
Chung, C.W., Suraneni, P., Popovics, J.S. and Struble, L.J. (2012), "Setting time measurement using ultrasonic wave reflection", ACI Mater. J., 109(1), 109-118.

8.
Crawley, E.F. and De Luis, J. (1987), "Use of piezoelectric actuators as elements of intelligent structures", AIAA J., 25(10), 1373-1385. crossref(new window)

9.
Liang, C., Sun, F.P. and Rogers, C.A. (1994), "Coupled electro-mechanical analysis of adaptive material systems-determination of the actuator power consumption and system energy transfer", J. Intel. Mat. Syst. Str., 5(1), 12-20. crossref(new window)

10.
Mindess, S., Young, J.F. and Darwin, D. (2003), Concrete, Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA.

11.
Neville, A.M. (1996), Properties of Concrete, Prentice Hall, New York, NY, USA.

12.
Pinto, R.C.A. and Hover, K.C. (1999), "Application of maturityapproach to setting times", ACI Mater. J., 96(6), 686-691.

13.
Shin, S.W. and Oh, T. (2009), "Application of electro-mechanical impedance sensing technique for online monitoring strength development in concrete using smart PZT patches", Constr. Build. Mater., 23(2), 1185-1188. crossref(new window)

14.
Shin, S.W., Qureshi A.R., Lee, J.Y. and Yun, C.B. (2008), "Piezoelectric sensor based nondestructive active monitoring of strength gain in concrete", Smart Materials and Structures, 17(5), 1-8.

15.
Struble, L.J. and Lei, W.G. (1995), "Rheological changes associated with setting of cement paste", Adv. Cement Based Materials J., 2(6),224-230. crossref(new window)

16.
Tawie, R. and Lee, H.K. (2010), "Monitoring the strength development in concrete by EMI sensing technique", Constr. Build. Mater., 24(9), 1746-1753. crossref(new window)

17.
Trtnik, G., Valic, M.I. and Turk, G. (2013), "Measurement of setting process of cement pastes using non-destructive ultrasonic shear wave reflection technique", NDT & E Int., 56, 65-75. crossref(new window)

18.
Wang, D. and Zhu, H. (2011), "Monitoring of the strength gain of concrete using embedded PZT impedance", Constr. Build. Mater., 25(9), 3703-3708. crossref(new window)

19.
Yim, H.J., Kim, J.H. and Shah, S.P. (2014), "Ultrasonic monitoring of the setting of cement-based materials: Frequency dependence", Constr. Build. Mater., 65, 518-525. crossref(new window)