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Intelligent bolt-jointed system integrating piezoelectric sensors with shape memory alloys
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  • Journal title : Smart Structures and Systems
  • Volume 17, Issue 1,  2016, pp.135-147
  • Publisher : Techno-Press
  • DOI : 10.12989/sss.2016.17.1.135
 Title & Authors
Intelligent bolt-jointed system integrating piezoelectric sensors with shape memory alloys
Park, Jong Keun; Park, Seunghee;
This paper describes a smart structural system, which uses smart materials for real-time monitoring and active control of bolted-joints in steel structures. The goal of this research is to reduce the possibility of failure and the cost of maintenance of steel structures such as bridges, electricity pylons, steel lattice towers and so on. The concept of the smart structural system combines impedance based health monitoring techniques with a shape memory alloy (SMA) washer to restore the tension of the loosened bolt. The impedance-based structural health monitoring (SHM) techniques were used to detect loosened bolts in bolted-joints. By comparing electrical impedance signatures measured from a potentially damage structure with baseline data obtained from the pristine structure, the bolt loosening damage could be detected. An outlier analysis, using generalized extreme value (GEV) distribution, providing optimal decision boundaries, has been carried out for more systematic damage detection. Once the loosening damage was detected in the bolted joint, the external heater, which was bonded to the SMA washer, actuated the washer. Then, the heated SMA washer expanded axially and adjusted the bolt tension to restore the lost torque. Additionally, temperature variation due to the heater was compensated by applying the effective frequency shift (EFS) algorithm to improve the performance of the diagnostic results. An experimental study was conducted by integrating the piezoelectric material based structural health monitoring and the SMA-based active control function on a bolted joint, after which the performance of the smart `self-monitoring and self-healing bolted joint system` was demonstrated.
structural health monitoring;GEV distribution;SMA washer;self-monitoring;self-healing;
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