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Investigation of influences of mixing parameters on acoustoelastic coefficient of concrete using coda wave interferometry
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  • Journal title : Smart Structures and Systems
  • Volume 17, Issue 1,  2016, pp.73-89
  • Publisher : Techno-Press
  • DOI : 10.12989/sss.2016.17.1.073
 Title & Authors
Investigation of influences of mixing parameters on acoustoelastic coefficient of concrete using coda wave interferometry
Shin, Sung Woo; Lee, Jiyong; Kim, Jeong-Su; Shin, Joonwoo;
The stress dependence of ultrasonic wave velocity is known as the acoustoelastic effect. This effect is useful for stress monitoring if the acoustoelastic coefficient of a subject medium is known. The acoustoelastic coefficients of metallic materials such as steel have been studied widely. However, the acoustoelastic coefficient of concrete has not been well understood yet. Basic constituents of concrete are water, cement, and aggregates. The mix proportion of those constituents greatly affects many mechanical and physical properties of concrete and so does the acoustoelastic coefficient of concrete. In this study, influence of the water-cement ratio (w/c ratio) and the fine-coarse aggregates ratio (fa/ta ratio) on the acoustoelastic coefficient of concrete was investigated. The w/c and the fa/ta ratios are important parameters in mix design and affect wave behaviors in concrete. Load-controlled uni-axial compression tests were performed on concrete specimens. Ultrasonic wave measurements were also performed during the compression tests. The stretching coda wave interferometry method was used to obtain the relative velocity change of ultrasonic waves with respect to the stress level of the specimens. From the experimental results, it was found that the w/c ratio greatly affects the acoustoelastic coefficient while the fa/ta ratio does not. The acoustoelastic coefficient increased from to when the w/c ratio was increased from 0.4 to 0.5. On the other hand, the acoustoelastic coefficient changed in small from to when the fa/ta ratio was increased from 0.3 to 0.5. Finally, it was also found that the relative velocity change has a linear relationship with the stress level of concrete.
acoustoelastic effect of concrete;acoustoelastic coefficient of concrete;coda wave interferometry;ultrasonic based stress monitoring;
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