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Mode identifiability of a cable-stayed bridge under different excitation conditions assessed with an improved algorithm based on stochastic subspace identification
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  • Journal title : Smart Structures and Systems
  • Volume 17, Issue 3,  2016, pp.363-389
  • Publisher : Techno-Press
  • DOI : 10.12989/sss.2016.17.3.363
 Title & Authors
Mode identifiability of a cable-stayed bridge under different excitation conditions assessed with an improved algorithm based on stochastic subspace identification
Wu, Wen-Hwa; Wang, Sheng-Wei; Chen, Chien-Chou; Lai, Gwolong;
Deficient modes that cannot be always identified from different sets of measurement data may exist in the application of operational modal analysis such as the stochastic subspace identification techniques in large-scale civil structures. Based on a recent work using the long-term ambient vibration measurements from an instrumented cable-stayed bridge under different wind excitation conditions, a benchmark problem is launched by taking the same bridge as a test bed to further intensify the exploration of mode identifiability. For systematically assessing this benchmark problem, a recently developed SSI algorithm based on an alternative stabilization diagram and a hierarchical sifting process is extended and applied in this research to investigate several sets of known and blind monitoring data. The evaluation of delicately selected cases clearly distinguishes the effect of traffic excitation on the identifiability of the targeted deficient mode from the effect of wind excitation. An additional upper limit for the vertical acceleration amplitude at deck, mainly induced by the passing traffic, is subsequently suggested to supplement the previously determined lower limit for the wind speed. Careful inspection on the shape vector of the deficient mode under different excitation conditions leads to the postulation that this mode is actually induced by the motion of the central tower. The analysis incorporating the tower measurements solidly verifies this postulation by yielding the prevailing components at the tower locations in the extended mode shape vector. Moreover, it is also confirmed that this mode can be stably identified under all the circumstances with the addition of tower measurements. An important lesson learned from this discovery is that the problem of mode identifiability usually comes from the lack of proper measurements at the right locations.
stochastic subspace identification;cable-stayed bridge;mode identifiability;alternative stabilization diagram;hierarchical sifting process;
 Cited by
Assessment of environmental and nondestructive earthquake effects on modal parameters of an office building based on long-term vibration measurements, Smart Materials and Structures, 2017, 26, 5, 055034  crossref(new windwow)
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