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A Study of Historical Seasonal Subdivision System and Modern Definitional Issue of Meteorological Seasons
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  • Journal title : Atmosphere
  • Volume 26, Issue 1,  2016, pp.185-192
  • Publisher : Korean Meteorological Society
  • DOI : 10.14191/Atmos.2016.26.1.185
 Title & Authors
A Study of Historical Seasonal Subdivision System and Modern Definitional Issue of Meteorological Seasons
Kim, Il-Gwon;
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In this paper, I studied about historical seasonal subdivision system and a theory of traditional monthly order, which was used for so long from Koryo dynasty to the late of Choseon dynasty in Korean histoy. Especially, I took note of the fact that there used the table of solar terms and meteorological observation what we called the table of Kihoo-pyo in the historical Sunmyung-calendar and the Soosi-calendar during the Koryo dynasty. This table of Kihoo was developed for explaining meteorological change during a year at that time. Here are largely four elements related meteorological nature : the first is the list of 24 solar terms, and the second is 12 monthly seasonal terms and 12 monthly central terms, the third is about four right hexagon based I-ching, the fourth is 72 meteorological observations called 72-hoo. Among them, the 72-hoo system is important to know how premodern people observed natural materials including animals and plants, weather, climate about meteorological phenomena according to the seasonal change or solar terms` change during a year. I argued in this article to need developing modern new table of Kihoo system like that, in order to show common people to recognize annual meteorological change more easy and clear. I also argued to need a distinct definition of meteorological seasons from a view point of modern meteorology.
Historical meteorology;24 seasonal subdivisions;modern definition of meteorological seasons;Sunmyung-calendar for Koryo dynasty;traditional monthly order;
 Cited by
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Kim, I.-G., 2011b: Meteorological Archives of Wison-graphy of Rimwon-gyongje-ji ? Sowadang, 632 pp.

Kim, I.-G., 2013a: Premodern meteorological prediction reference and phenology structure on the Chosun Wisun-ji text. Korean Stud. Quart., 36, 217-253 (in Korean).

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Kim, I.-G., 2014a: An Anceint Development of Monthly Order and Seasonal Subdivision System by the Historical Astronomy and Meteorology. Res. Result Rep. Academy of Korean Stud., 3-47.

Kim, I.-G., 2014b: A Study of the Traditional Calendar Myongsi-ryok of Korean Empire. Calendar, Trace of Time, Silhak Museum and the National Folk Museum of Korea, 109-131.

Korea Meteorological Administration (KMA), 2000-2014: Annual Report 2000-2014.

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