JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
A Study of Historical Seasonal Subdivision System and Modern Definitional Issue of Meteorological Seasons
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Atmosphere
  • Volume 26, Issue 1,  2016, pp.185-192
  • Publisher : Korean Meteorological Society
  • DOI : 10.14191/Atmos.2016.26.1.185
 Title & Authors
A Study of Historical Seasonal Subdivision System and Modern Definitional Issue of Meteorological Seasons
Kim, Il-Gwon;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
In this paper, I studied about historical seasonal subdivision system and a theory of traditional monthly order, which was used for so long from Koryo dynasty to the late of Choseon dynasty in Korean histoy. Especially, I took note of the fact that there used the table of solar terms and meteorological observation what we called the table of Kihoo-pyo in the historical Sunmyung-calendar and the Soosi-calendar during the Koryo dynasty. This table of Kihoo was developed for explaining meteorological change during a year at that time. Here are largely four elements related meteorological nature : the first is the list of 24 solar terms, and the second is 12 monthly seasonal terms and 12 monthly central terms, the third is about four right hexagon based I-ching, the fourth is 72 meteorological observations called 72-hoo. Among them, the 72-hoo system is important to know how premodern people observed natural materials including animals and plants, weather, climate about meteorological phenomena according to the seasonal change or solar terms` change during a year. I argued in this article to need developing modern new table of Kihoo system like that, in order to show common people to recognize annual meteorological change more easy and clear. I also argued to need a distinct definition of meteorological seasons from a view point of modern meteorology.
 Keywords
Historical meteorology;24 seasonal subdivisions;modern definition of meteorological seasons;Sunmyung-calendar for Koryo dynasty;traditional monthly order;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
1.
Choi, G.-Y., and W.-T. Kwon, 2001: The shift of natural seasons and changes of life temperature indices in South Korea during the 20th century. J. Geogr. Edu., 45, 14-25 (in Korean).

2.
Jin, M.-J., and S.-Y. Park, 2015: Temperature changes of climatic solar terms and their spatiotemporal characteristics in South Korea. J. Korean Geographical Soc., 50, 23-36 (in Korean).

3.
Kang, M.-S., 1981: A synoptic climatological study on the division of the natural Seasons of Korea. Res. Bull., 23, 1303-1367 (in Korean).

4.
Kim, I.-G., 2011a: Korean Translation of Calendar Graphy of Koryo History, Dong-A University, 524 pp.

5.
Kim, I.-G., 2011b: Meteorological Archives of Wison-graphy of Rimwon-gyongje-ji ? Sowadang, 632 pp.

6.
Kim, I.-G., 2013a: Premodern meteorological prediction reference and phenology structure on the Chosun Wisun-ji text. Korean Stud. Quart., 36, 217-253 (in Korean).

7.
Kim, I.-G., 2013b: A study of meteorological encyclopedic texts and traditional nature studies in choseon dynasty. Joongang Saron J. Joong-Ang Hist. Stud., 38, 5-70 (in Korean).

8.
Kim, I.-G., 2013c: Correspondence Diagram about Sky, Earth, Human and Climate Relationship in the Ancient Choseon Documents of Gakwolryong-gihoojingpyo & Chimguyogyel. Annual Report, Vol. 5, Jangseogak Archives, 113-130.

9.
Kim, I.-G., 2014a: An Anceint Development of Monthly Order and Seasonal Subdivision System by the Historical Astronomy and Meteorology. Res. Result Rep. Academy of Korean Stud., 3-47.

10.
Kim, I.-G., 2014b: A Study of the Traditional Calendar Myongsi-ryok of Korean Empire. Calendar, Trace of Time, Silhak Museum and the National Folk Museum of Korea, 109-131.

11.
Korea Meteorological Administration (KMA), 2000-2014: Annual Report 2000-2014.

12.
Lee, B.-S., 1979: A study of natural seasons in Korea. J. Korean Geogr. Soc., 20, 1-11 (in Korean).

13.
Lee, K.-M., W.-T. Kwon, and S.-H. Lee, 2009: A study on the plant phenological phases in South Korea. Korean Assoc. Prof. Geogr., 43, 339-352 (in Korean).