Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Investigation of Goyang Tornado Outbreak Using X-band Polarimetric Radar: 10 June 2014
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Atmosphere
  • Volume 26, Issue 1,  2016, pp.47-58
  • Publisher : Korean Meteorological Society
  • DOI : 10.14191/Atmos.2016.26.1.047
 Title & Authors
Investigation of Goyang Tornado Outbreak Using X-band Polarimetric Radar: 10 June 2014
Jeong, Jong-Hoon; Kim, Yeon-Hee; Oh, Su-Bin; Lim, Eunha; Joo, Sangwon;
  PDF(new window)
On 10 July 2014, tornado outbreak occurred over Goyang province in Korea. This was the first supercell tornado ever reported or documented in Korea. The characteristics of the supercell tornado were investigated using an X-band polarimetric radar, surface meteorological observation, wind profiler, and operational numerical weather prediction (Regional Data Assimilation and Prediction System, RDAPS). The supercell tornado developed along a preexisting dryline that was contributed to surface wind shear. The radar analyses examined here show that the supercell tornado indicated a hook echo with mesocyclone. The decending reflectivity core as well was detected before tornadogenesis and prior to intensification of supercell. The supercell tornado exhibited characteristics similar to typical supercell tornado over the Great Plains of the United States, such as hook echo, bounded weak echo region, and slower movement speed relative to the mean wind. Compared to the typical supercell tornado over U.S., this tornado showed horizontal scale of the mesocyclone was relatively smaller and left-mover.
Supercell tornado;X-band polarimetric radar;Korea;
 Cited by
수치모델을 활용한 2014년 6월 10일 일산 용오름 발생 메커니즘 분석,인소라;정승필;심재관;최병철;

한국지구과학회지, 2016. vol.37. 4, pp.187-199 crossref(new window)
Barber, D. A., and L. J. Mahrt, 1981: A statistical study of dependence of hailstorm severity on environmental conditions. Mon. Wea. Rev., 109, 1348-1352. crossref(new window)

Bluestein, H. B., and C. R. Parks, 1983: A synoptic and photographic climatology of low-precipitation severe thunderstorms in the southern plains. Mon. Wea. Rev., 111, 2034-2046. crossref(new window)

Bluestein, H. B., and M. H. Jain, 1985: Formation of mesoscale lines of precipitation: Severe squall lines in Oklahoma during the spring. J. Atmos. Sci., 42, 1711-1732. crossref(new window)

Bosart, L. F., A. Seimon, K. D. LaPenta, and M. J. Dickinson, 2006: Supercell tornadogenesis over complex terrain: The Great Barrington, Massachusetts, tornado on 29 May 1995. Wea. Forecasting, 21, 897-922. crossref(new window)

Brooks, H. E., C. A. Doswell III, and R. P. Davies-Jones, 1993: Environmental helicity and the maintenance and evolution of low-level mesocyclones. The Tornado: Its Structure, Dynamics, Prediction, and Harzards, Geophys. Monogr., Vol. 79, Amer. Geophys. Union, 97-104.

Brown, R. A., and L. R. Lemon, 1976: Single Doppler radar vortex recognition. Part II: Tornadic vortex signatures. Preprints, 17th Radar Meteorology Conf., Seattle, WA, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 104-109.

Brown, R. A., and R. J. Meitin, 1994: Evolution and morphology of two splitting thunderstorms with dominant left-moving members. Mon. Wea. Rev., 122, 2052-2067. crossref(new window)

Browning, K. A., and R. J. Donaldson, 1963: Airflow and structure of a tornadic storm. J. Atmos. Sci., 20, 533-545. crossref(new window)

Burgess, D. W., and L. R. Lemon, 1990: Severe thunderstorm detection by radar. Radar in Meteorology, D. Atlas, Ed., Amer. Meteor. Soc., 619-647.

Burgess, D. W., V. T. Wood, and R. A. Brown, 1982: Mesocyclone evolution statistics. Preprints, 12th Conf. on Severe Local Storms, San Antonio, TX, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 422-424.

Burgess, D. W., R. L. Lee, S. S. Parker, S. J. Keighton, and D. L. Floyd, 1995: A study of mini supercells observed by WSR-88D radars. Preprints, 27th Conf. on Radar Meteor., Vail, CO, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 4-6.

Byko, Z., P. Markowski, Y. Richardson, J. Wurman, and E. Adlerman, 2009: Descending reflectivity cores in supercell thunderstorms observed by mobile radars and in a high-resolution numerical simulation. Wea. Forecasting, 24, 155-186. crossref(new window)

Corfidi, S. F., J. H. Merritt, and J. M. Fritsch, 1996: Predicting the movement of mesoscale convective complexes. Wea. Forecasting, 11, 41-46. crossref(new window)

Davies-Jones, R. P., D. W. Burgess, L. R. Lemon, and D. Purcell, 1978: Interpretation of surface marks and debris patterns from the 24 May 1973 Union City, Oklahoma tornado. Mon. Wea. Rev., 106, 12-21. crossref(new window)

Doswell, C. A., III, 2001: Severe convective storms-An overview. Severe Convective Storms, Meteor. Monogr., No. 28, Amer. Meteor. Soc., 1-26.

Fujita, T. T., 1958: Mesoanalysis of the Illinois tornadoes of 9 April 1953. J. Meteor., 15, 288-296. crossref(new window)

Fujita, T. T., 1981: Tornadoes and downbursts in the context of generalized planetary scales. J. Atmos. Sci., 38, 1511-1534. crossref(new window)

Fulks, J. R., 1962: On the Mechanics of the Tornado. National Severe Storms Project Rep., No. 4, U. S. Weather Bureau.

Hutchinson, T. A., and H. B. Bluestein, 1998: Prefrontal wind-shift lines in the plains of the United States. Mon. Wea. Rev., 126, 141-166. crossref(new window)

Kennedy, A. D., E. N. Rasmussen, and J. M. Straka, 2007a: A visual observation of the 6 June 2005 descending reflectivity core. E-J. Severe Storms Meteor., 2(6).

Kennedy, A. D., J. M. Straka, and E. N. Rasmussen, 2007b: A statistical study of the association of DRCs with supercells and tornadoes. Wea. Forecasting, 22, 1192-1199.

Korea Institute of Civil engineering and building Technology (KICT), 2014: Operation of hydrological radar and development of a web-mobile warning platform, Korea Institute of Civil engineering and building Technology, 7 pp.

Markowski, P. M., and Coauthors, 2012: The pretornadic phase of the Goshen County, Wyoming, supercell of 5 June 2009 intercepted by VORTEX2. Part I: Evolution of kinematic and surface thermodynamic fields. Mon. Wea. Rev., 140, 2887-2915. crossref(new window)

Meng, Z., and D. Yao, 2014: Damage survey, radar, and environment analyses on the first-ever documented tornado in Beijing during the heavy rainfall event of 21 July 2012. Wea. Forecasting, 29, 702-724. crossref(new window)

Rasmussen, E. N., J. M. Straka, M. S. Gilmore, and R. Davies-Jones, 2006: A preliminary survey of rear-flank descending reflectivity cores in supercell storms. Wea. Forecasting, 21, 923-938. crossref(new window)

Rose, S. F., P. V. Hobbs, J. D. Locatelli, and M. T. Stoelinga, 2004: A 10-yr climatology relating the locations of reported tornadoes to the quadrants of upperlevel jet streaks. Wea. Forecasting, 19, 301-309. crossref(new window)

Rotunno, R., and B. Klemp, 1985: On the rotation and propagation of simulated supercell thunderstorms. J. Atmos. Sci., 42, 271-292. crossref(new window)

Ryzhkov, A. V., T. J. Schuur, D. W. Burgess, and D. S. Zrnic, 2005: Polarimetric tornado detection. J. Appl. Meteor., 44, 557-570. crossref(new window)

Schultz, D. M., 2004: Cold fronts with and without prefrontal wind shifts in the central United States. Mon. Wea. Rev., 132, 2040-2053. crossref(new window)

Skinner, P. S., C. C. Weiss, M. M. French, H. B. Bluestein, P. M. Markowski, and Y. P. Richardson, 2014: VORTEX2 observations of a low-level mesocyclone with multiple internal rearflank downdraft momentum surges in the 18 May 2010 Dumas, Texas, supercell. Mon. Wea. Rev., 142, 2935-2960. crossref(new window)

Snyder, J. C., and H. B. Bluestein, 2014: Some considerations for the use of high-resolution mobile radar data in tornado intensity determination. Wea. Forecasting, 29, 799-827. crossref(new window)

Suzuki, O., H. Niino, H. Ohno, and H. Nirasawa, 2000: Tornado-producing mini supercells associated with Typhoon 9019. Mon. Wea. Rev., 128, 1868-1882. crossref(new window)

Tanamachi, R. L., H. B. Bluestein, J. B. Houser, S. J. Frasier, and K. M. Hardwick, 2012: Mobile, X-band, polarimetric Doppler radar observations of the 4 May 2007 Greensburg, Kansas, tornadic supercell. Mon. Wea. Rev., 140, 2103-2125, crossref(new window)

Wakimoto, R. M., and B. E. Martner, 1992: Observations of a Colorado tornado. Part II: Combined photogrammetric and Doppler radar analysis. Mon. Wea. Rev., 120, 522-543. crossref(new window)

Wakimoto, R. M., H. V. Murphey, D. C. Dowell, and H. B. Bluestein, 2003: The Kellerville tornado during VORTEX: Damage survey and Doppler radar analyses. Mon. Wea. Rev., 131, 2197-2221. crossref(new window)

Wakimoto, R. M., N. T. Atkins, and J. Wurman, 2011: The LaGrange tornado during VORTEX2. Part I: Photogrammetric analysis of the tornado combined with single-Doppler radar data. Mon. Wea. Rev., 139, 2233-2258. crossref(new window)

Wurman, J., D. Dowell, Y. Richardson, P. Markowski, E. Rasmussen, D. Burgess, L. Wicker, and H. Bluestein, 2012: The Second Verification of the Origins of Rotation in Tornadoes Experiment: VORTEX2. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 93, 1147-1170. crossref(new window)