Advanced SearchSearch Tips
On the Occurrence Mechanism of the Ice Spike
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Atmosphere
  • Volume 26, Issue 1,  2016, pp.73-84
  • Publisher : Korean Meteorological Society
  • DOI : 10.14191/Atmos.2016.26.1.073
 Title & Authors
On the Occurrence Mechanism of the Ice Spike
Byun, Hi-Ryong; Yoon, Ma-Byong; Shim, Jae-Myun; Kim, Gabyn; Kwon, Sang-Hoon; Kwon, Hui-nae; Kim, Jin-Ah;
  PDF(new window)
A method to make ice spike using home refrigerator with ice tray was found. Many experiments have carried out with this method and many natural phenomena occurring on the formation of ice spike are found. A new concept of the Latter Freezing Water (LFW) was imported to explain the ice spike formation. At LFW position on water surface, the Sprout of Super cooled Water (SSW) grows by the Volume Expansion Effect (VEE) caused by the phase change of water in water. And air bubbles that are expelled from ice during freezing process, gather, rise, and detonate at the upper most part of SSW that make SSW freeze and grow upward with the water pipe in it. Together with VEE the capillarity in the water pipe makes the column grow more, that makes the ice spike. Many other findings were succeeded; 1) Ice spike process is completed before the whole water freezes. 2) If water is corrupted or shocked, even though it is very slight, ice spike is not generated. 3) Rain water contains the most LFW among all kind of waters used in experiments. 4) LFW is changed into normal water after passing the ice spike. 5) A new concept of the ice bullet is introduced. 6) The reason of frequent occurrences of the ice spike at Mt. Mai is investigated also.
Ice spike;latter freezing water (LFW);sprout of super cooled water (SSW);capillarity;ice bullet;
 Cited by
Blanchard, D. C., 1951: Describes spicules on sleet pellets. J. Meteorol., 8, 268-269. crossref(new window)

Byun, H. R., D. I. Seo, and B. H. Lim, 2004: The observation of the naturally formed ice spikes and their inductive Inferences. J. Korean Meteor. Soc., 40, 203-216.

Dorsey, H. G., 1921: Peculiar ice formation. Amer. Phys. Soc., 8, 162-164.

Knight, C. A., 1998: Answer to Question #65. What conditions determine crystal growth? The triangular ice spike. Am. J. Phys., 66, 1041. crossref(new window)

Libbrecht, K. G., and K. Lui, 2004: An investigation of laboratory-grown "ice spikes". J. Glaciol., 50, 371-374. crossref(new window)

Mason, B. J., and J. Maybank, 1960: Describes spicules on and splintering of sleet pellets. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 86, 176-183. crossref(new window)

Yoon, M. B., 2006: Study on the occurrence mechanism and revival of the naturally formed ice spike. The 52nd exhibition of national Sciences. No. 1519.

Yoon, M. B., H. S. Kim, J. H. Son, and J. W. Yang, 2009: Observation, experiment, and analysis of the ice spikes formation. J. Korean Earth Sci. Soc., 30, 454-463. crossref(new window)

Wonboolkyo, 1928: Mai-Mountain Haeng-gam, Wonboolkyo Hoe-bo.