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A Systematic Review of Interventions for Workers with Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors: Using an Ecological Model
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 Title & Authors
A Systematic Review of Interventions for Workers with Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors: Using an Ecological Model
Hwang, Won Ju; Park, Yunhee; Kim, Jin Ah;
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Purpose: The purposes of this study were to review the research trends and to identify developmental direction of studies on community interventions according to the ecological model for workers with cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk factors. Methods: Electronic databases including PsycINFO, PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library and the reference lists of articles were searched. All articles were assessed in relation to inclusion and exclusion criteria, resulting in 29 researches being reviewed. Each review was critically appraised by two authors using a guideline of PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses). Results: Nowadays, interventions in organizational level, integrated and web-based interventions are increasing to prevent CVD risk factors for workers. Even though the importance of psychosocial aspects to prevent CVD, the only 2 studies included psychosocial factors in the outcome variables. Also, 14% among 29 researches were based on theories. Conclusion: Psychosocial factors such as job stress, depression, and emotional labor could be CVD risk factors. Therefore, interventions including psychosocial aspects are needed to prevent workers` CVD risks more effectively. Theory-based interventions are needed to support interventions` effects and to develop the nursing science.
Review;Cardiovascular disease;Interventions;Workers;
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