Publisher : The Korean Society of Fisheries and Aquatic Science
DOI : 10.5657/KFAS.2015.0688
Title & Authors
Effects of Bio-floc System on Growth and Environmental Improvement in the Chinese White Shrimp Fenneropenaeus chinensis Kim, Min-Su; Min, EunYoung; Koo, Ja-Keun; Kang, Ju-Chan;
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of bio-floc system that is composed of effective microorganisms (EM) on the microbial composition and water qualities in rearing water and the growth of Chinese white shrimp, Fenneropenaeus chinensis. To investigate the microbial composition according to the bio-floc levels, the study was conducted at 100 and 150% of bio-floc after 5 and 10 days in bio-floc system. The results showed that total bacteria count (TBC) and the counts of Latobacillus sp., Bacillus sp. and Rhodobactor sp., were significantly decreased after 5 days in bio-floc system. To assess the growth of F. chinensis according to the concentrations of bio-floc, the study was conducted at the bio-floc concentrations; 0 (control), 60, 80, 100, 120 and 140% of the prepared bio-floc for 90 days. The growth factors such as daily length and weight gain were considerably increased at the concentrations of bio-floc 100, 120, and 140% after 90 days. As water quality indicators, the values of total-N, NH4+-N and PO4--P were analyzed, and they were significantly decreased at 120 and 140% of bio-floc, compared to the control. The results demonstrated that combination of EM showed the synergic effect on removing N and P.
Chinese white shrimp;EM;Bio-floc system;Growth rate;