Publisher : The Korean Society of Fisheries and Aquatic Science
DOI : 10.5657/KFAS.2015.0768
Title & Authors
Seasonal Variations in the Macroalgal Flora and Community Structure in Hallyeohaesang National Park on the South Coast of Korea Oh, Ji Chul; Ahn, Jung Kwan; Kim, Cheol Do; Jeong, Jang Bang; Choi, Han Gil;
Seasonal variability in the marine seaweed community structure was examined in the intertidal zones at nine study sites in Hallyeohaesang National Park, on the southern coast of Korea from March to October 2014. A total of 145 seaweeds were indentified, comprising 15 green, 41 brown and 89 red algae. Coarsely branched seaweeds were the dominant functional group, comprising 58.95% in species number, whereas filamentous, sheet, thick leathery, crustose and jointed calcareous forms comprised 2.63-17.72% each. The seaweed biomass averaged 358.00 g dry wt/m2 and it was maximal at Somaemuldo (847.64 g dry wt/m2) and minimal at Gamam (56.51 g dry wt/m2). Based on biomass, the dominant and subdominant seaweeds were Ulva australis at Gamam, Sargassum thunbergii at Sangju, Ulva australis and S.fulvellum at Neukdo, S.horneri at Dala-Bijindo-Somaemuldo, S. thunbergii at Dapo, and Corallina pilulifera at Songdo. Community indices were as follows: dominance index (DI), 0.43-0.71; richness index (R), 8.26-16.50; evenness index (J'), 0.36-0.54; and diversity index (H'), 1.57-2.19. In conclusion, we found that both biomass and the community structure of seaweeds in Hallyeohaesang National Park were similar to those in other studies of the Southern Sea along the Korean peninsula, and that Hallyeohaesang National Park is a relatively favorable habitat for seaweeds. Future studies should examine the changes in seaweed composition and biomass as they relate to climate change and environmental pollution.
Biomass;Community structure;Seaweed;Hallyeohaesang National Park;