Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Fecal Solid Feed from the Recirculating Aquaculture System of the Renewable Sea Cucumber Apostichopus japonicus
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Fecal Solid Feed from the Recirculating Aquaculture System of the Renewable Sea Cucumber Apostichopus japonicus
Jeong, U-Cheol; Jin, Feng; Choi, Jong-Kuk; Md, Anisuzzaman; Choi, Byeong-Dae; Kang, Seok-Joong;
  PDF(new window)
Pollution caused by fecal solids released from recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS) is a growing global concern requiring immediate attention. Thus, this study investigated the physicochemical characteristics of fecal solid feed from RASs used for eel and rainbow trout farming. The concentrations of proteins, lipids, crude ash, and moisture in eel fecal solids were 10.9%, 1.2%, 85.8%, and 72.2%, respectively, while those in rainbow trout fecal solid feed were 20.5%, 3.2%, 70.9%, and 87.0%, respectively. The control group was fed a mixture of sea cucumber and dried sea mud. The protein digestibilities of eel and rainbow trout fecal solids were 25.43% and 23.96%, respectively, while the respective lipid digestibilities were 35.62% and 36.80%, respectively.
Fecal solids;Sea cucumber;Apostichopus japonicas;Recirculating aquaculture system;RAS;
 Cited by
Aruety T, Brunner T, Ronen Z, Gross A,Sowers K and Zilberg D. 2016. Decreasing levels of the fish pathogen Streptococcus iniae following inoculation into the sludge digester of a zero-discharge recirculating aquaculture system (RAS). Aquaculture 450, 335-341. crossref(new window)

AOAC. 1995. Official method of analysis. 16th ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Washington DC, USA, 1-43.

Bligh EG and Dyer WJ. 1959 A rapid method of total lipid extraction and purification. Can J Biochem Physiol 37, 911-917. crossref(new window)

Danaher J, Rakocy J, Shultz R, Bailey D and Pantanella E. 2009. Dewatering and composting aquaculture waste as a growing medium in the nursery production of tomato plants. 223-229.

Duncan DB. 1955. Multiple range and multiple F test. Biometric 11, 1-42. crossref(new window)

FAO. 2010. The state of world fisheries and aquaculture. (accessed October 18, 2010).

Furukawa A and Tsukahara H. 1966. On the acid digestion method for the determination of chromic oxides as an index substance in the study of digestion of fish feed. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi 32, 502-506. crossref(new window)

Gebauer R. 2004. Mesophilic anaerobic treatment of sludge from saline fish farm effluents with biogas production. Bioresour Technol 93, 155-167. crossref(new window)

Gebauer R and Eikebrokk B. 2006. Mesophilic anaerobic treatment of sludge from salmon smolt hatching. Bioresour Technol 97, 2389-2401. crossref(new window)

Ghaly AE, Kamal M and Mahmoud NS. 2005. Phytoremediation of aquaculture wastewater for water recycling and production of fish feed. Environ Int 31, 1-13. crossref(new window)

Huiling S, Mengqinq L, Jingping Y and Bijuan C. 2004. Nutrient requirements and growth of the sea cucumber, Apostichopus japonicus. Advances in Sea Cucumber Aquaculture and Management, FAO Fisheries Technical 46, 327-331.

Luo G, Li P, Tan H, Du J and Liang W. 2013. The start-up and saline adaptation of mesophilic anaerobic sequencing batch reactor treating sludge from recirculating aquaculture systems. Aquacult Eng 54, 9-15. crossref(new window)

Mirzoyan N, Parnes S, Singer A, Tal Y, Sowers K and Gross A. 2008. Quality of brackish aquaculture sludge and its suitability for anaerobic digestion and methane production in an up flow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor. Aquaculture 279, 35-41. crossref(new window)

Naylor RL, Goldburg RJ, Primavera JH, Kautsky N, Beveridge MCM, Clay J, Folke C, Lubchenco J, Mooney H and Troell M. 2000. Effect of aquaculture on world fish supplies. Nature 405, 1017-1024. crossref(new window)

Nelson EJ, MacDonald BA and Robinson SMC. 2012. The absorption efficiency of the suspension-feeding sea cucumber, cucumaria frondosa, and its potential as an extractive integrated multi-trophic aquaculture (IMTA) species. Aquaculture 370-371, 19-25. crossref(new window)

Paltzat DL, Pearce CM, Barnes PA and McKinley RS. 2008. Growth and production of california sea cucumbers(Parastichopus californicus stimpson) co-cultured with suspended pacific oysters (Crassostrea gigas thunberg). Aquaculture 275, 124-137. crossref(new window)

Piedrahita RH. 2003. Reducing the potential environmental impact of tank aquaculture effluents through intensification and recirculation. Aquaculture 226, 35-44. crossref(new window)

Slater MJ and Carton AG. 2007. Survivorship and growth of the sea cucumber Australostichopus (stichopus) mollis (hutton 1872) in polyculture trials with green-lipped mussel farms. Aquaculture 272, 389-398. crossref(new window)

Slater MJ, Jeffs AG and Carton AG. 2009. The use of the waste from green-lipped mussels as a feed source for juvenile sea cucumber, Australostichopus mollis. Aquaculture 292, 219-224. crossref(new window)

Seo JY and Lee SM. 2011. Optimum dietary protein and lipid levels for growth of juvenile sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicas. Aquacult Nutr 17, 56-61. crossref(new window)

Xia B, Gao Q, Wang J, Li P, Zhang L and Zhang Z. 2015. Effects of dietary carbohydrate level on growth, biochemical composition and glucose metabolism of juvenile sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicas (Selenka). Aquaculture 448, 63-70. crossref(new window)

Yokoyama H. 2013. Growth and food source of the sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus cultured below fish cages potential for integrated multi-trophic aquaculture. Aquaculture 372-375, 28-38. crossref(new window)

Yu Z, Zhou Y, Yang H, Ma Y and Hu C. 2014. Survival, growth, food availability and assimilation efficiency of the sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus bottom-cultured under a fish farm in southern china. Aquaculture 426-427, 238-248. crossref(new window)

Yuan X, Yang H, Zhou Y, Mao Y, Zhang T and Liu Y. 2006. The influence of diets containing dried bivalve feces and/or powdered algae on growth and energy distribution in sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus (Selenka) (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea). Aquaculture 256, 457-467. crossref(new window)

Zamora LN and Jeffs AG. 2011. Feeding, selection, digestion and absorption of the organic matter from mussel waste by juveniles of the deposit-feeding sea cucumber, australostichopus mollis. Aquaculture 317, 223-228. crossref(new window)

Zhou Y, Yang H, Liu S, Yuan X, Mao Y, Liu Y, Xu X and Zhang F. 2006. Feeding and growth on bivalve biodeposits by the deposit feeder Stichopus japonicus selenka (echinodermata: Holothuroidea) co-cultured in lantern nets. Aquaculture 256, 510-520. crossref(new window)