Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Ecological Evaluation of Marine National Parks Based on Seaweed Community Index
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Ecological Evaluation of Marine National Parks Based on Seaweed Community Index
Oh, Ji Chul; Choi, Han Gil; Kim, Cheol Do; Ahn, Jung Kwan;
  PDF(new window)
Seasonal variability in the algal community structure of intertidal zones was examined at six study sites in Marine National Parks, on the western and southern coasts of Korea from March to November 2015. A total of 193 species of algae, comprising 27 green, 40 brown and 126 red algae, were identified. Algal biomass averaged 101.50 g dry wt./m2 with a maximal at Tonggae (168.12 g dry wt./m2) and minimum at Haseom (54.49 g dry wt./m2). The dominant seaweeds by biomass were Sargassum thunbergii at five sites (Tonggae, Haseom, Namdongri, Ando amd Sinjeonri), and S. fusiforme at Soando. Community indices measured as follows: dominance index (DI), 0.31–0.69; richness index (R), 7.30–11.43; evenness index (J'), 0.33–0.49; and diversity index (H'), 1.15–1.86. As evaluated using community indices and environmental states, the EEI (Ecological Evaluation Index) of the Marine National Park was “normal”. The present results indicate that seaweed community structures and indices could be used to evaluate the environmental status of coastal ecosystems.
Biomass;Community structure;Seaweed;National Park;
 Cited by
Ahn JK, Kim BK, Jeong SJ, Choi IY and Jeong WO. 2013. Intertidal marine benthic flora in eastern part of Hallyeo Marine National Park, southern coast of Korea. J NP Res 4, 150-155.

Arévalo R, Pinedo S and Ballesteros E. 2007. Changes in the composition and structure of Mediterranean rocky-shore communities following a gradient of nutrient enrichment: Descriptive study and test of proposed methods to assess water quality regarding macroalgae. Mar Pollut Bull 55, 104-113. crossref(new window)

Cheney DP. 1977. R & C/P - A new and improved ratio for comparing seaweed floras. Suppl J Phycol 13, 129.

Choi CG. 2008. Algal flora in Hallyeo-Haesang National Park southern coast of Korea. Fish Aquat Sci 41, 371-380.

Choi CG, Kim JH and Chung IK. 2008. Temporal variation of seaweed biomass in Korean coasts: Yokjido, Gyeongnam Province. Algae 23, 311-316. crossref(new window)

Clarke KR and Gorley RN. 2006. PRIMER V6: User Manual/Tutorial. PRIMER-E Ltd, Plymouth, UK.

Díaz-Pulido G, Gouezo M, Tilvrook B, Dove S and Anthony KRN. 2011. High CO2 enhances the competitive strength of seaweeds over corals. Ecol Lett 14, 156-162. crossref(new window)

Díez I, Secilla A, Santolaria A and Gorostiaga JM. 1999. Phytobenthic intertidal community structure along an environmental pollution gradient. Mar Pollut Bull 38, 463-472. crossref(new window)

Feely RA, Sabine CL, Lee K, Berelson W, Kleypas JA, Fabry VJ and Millero FJ. 2004. Impact of anthropogenic CO2 on the CaCO3 system in the oceans. Science 305, 362-366. crossref(new window)

Feldmann J. 1937. Recherches sur la vegetation marine de la Mediterranee. La cote des Alberes. Rev Algol 10, 1-339.

Fowler J and Cohen C. 1990. Practical Statistics for Field Biology. John Wiley and Sons, New York, U.S.A., 1-227.

Han SJ, Lee JH, Jeon DV, Oh JC, Kim BY, Park SK, Choi HG and Nam KW. 2014. Seasonal variation in macroalgal community structure around the Byeonsan peninsula, Korea. Fish Aquat Sci 47, 274-282. crossref(new window)

Han SJ, Jeon DV, Lee JR, Na YJ, Park SK and Choi HG. 2016. Marine algal flora and community structure at Gwanmaedo and Yeongsando, Korea. Fish Aquat Sci 49, 053-060. crossref(new window)

Harley CDG, Anderson KM, Demes KW, Jorve JP, Kordas RL and Coyle TA. 2012. Effects of climate change on global seaweed communities. J Phycol 48, 1064-1078. crossref(new window)

Heo JS, Han SJ, Choi HG and Nam KW. 2015. A study on long-term monitoring of seaweed flora and community structure at Hakampo, western coast of Korea. Fish Aquat Sci 48, 969-976. 10.5657/KFAS.2015.0969. crossref(new window)

Janiak DS and Whitlatck RB. 2012. Epifaunal and algal assemblages associated with the native Chondrus crispus (Stack-house) and the non-native Grateloupia turuturu (Yamada) in eastern Long Islands Sound. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 413, 38-44. crossref(new window)

Kang JW. 1966. On the geographical distribution of marine algae in Korea. Bull Pusan Fish Coll 7, 1-136.

Kang PJ and Nam KW. 2015. An ecological evaluation of marine algal vegetation in the coastal waters of Goseong, southern Korea. Fish Aquat Sci 48, 082-087. crossref(new window)

Kim HS, Boo SM, Lee IK and Sohn CH. 2013. National List of Species of Korea [Marine Algae]. Lee SP, Inchon, Korea, 1-336.

Kim JH, Ko YD, Kim YS and Nam KW. 2011. Marine algal flora and community structure of Gogunsan islands outside the Saemanguem dike. J Ecol Environ 25, 156-165.

Kim YH. 1983. An ecological study of algal communities in intertidal zone of Korea. Ph. D. thesis. SNU, Seoul, Korea.

Kim YH, Nam KW and Sohn CH. 1997. Intertidal benthic marine algae at Chumunjin on the east coast Korea: Flora, distribution and community structure. Algae 12, 117-130.

Kim YH, Yoon HJ and Yoo JS. 1995. Species composition and biomass of marine algal community on the mid-western coast of Korea. J Plant Biol 38, 389-398.

Lambshead PJD, Platt HM and Shaw KM. 1983. The detection of differences among assemblages of marine benthic species based on an assessment of dominance and diversity. J Nat Hist 17, 859-874. crossref(new window)

Lee IK, Lee HB and Boo SM. 1983. A summer marine algal flora of islands in Jindo-Gun. Rep Sur Natur Environ Korea 3, 293-311.

Lee IK, Kim YH, Lee JH and Hong SW. 1975. A study on the marine algae in the Kwangyang bay. 1. The seasonal variation of algal community. Kor J bot 18, 109-121.

Lemieux J and Cusson M. 2014. Effects of habitat-forming species richness, evenness, identity, and abundance on benthic intertidal community establishment and productivity. PLoS ONE 9, e109261. pone.0109261. crossref(new window)

Lindstrom SC. 2009. The biogeography of seaweeds in South east Alaska. J Biogeogr 36, 401-409. crossref(new window)

Littler MM and Littler DS. 1984. Relationships between macroalgal functional form groups and substrate stability in a subtropical rocky intertidal system. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 74, 13-34. crossref(new window)

Margalef R. 1958. Information theory in ecology. General Systematics 3, 36-71.

McNaughoton SJ. 1967. Relationship among functional properties of California Grassland. Nature 216, 168-169. crossref(new window)

Muraoka D. 2004. Seaweed resources as a source of carbon fixation. Bull Fish Res Agen 1, 59-63.

Oh BG, Lee JW and Lee HB. 2002. A summer marine benthic algal flora and community of uninhabited islands in Haemamgun, Southern coast of Korea. Fish Aquat Sci 35, 57-63. crossref(new window)

Oh JC, Aha JK, Kim CD, Jeong JB and Choi HG. 2015. Seasonal variations in the macroalgal flora and community structure in HallyeoHaesang National Park on the South coast of Korea. Fish Aquat Sci 48, 768-775. crossref(new window)

Okamura K. 1892. On the marine algae of Fusanpo. Bot Mag Tokyo 6, 117-119. crossref(new window)

Ordoñez A, Doropoulos C and Diaz-Pulido G. 2014. Effects of ocean acidification on population dynamics and community structure of crustose coralline algae. Biol Bull 226, 255-268.

Orfanidis S, Panayotidis P and Stamatis N. 2001. Ecological evaluation of transitional and coastal waters: A marine benthic macrophytes-based model. Mediterr Mar Sci 2, 45-65. crossref(new window)

Orfanidis S, Panayotidis P and Stamatis N. 2003. An insight to the ecological evaluation index (EEI). Ecol Indic 3, 27-33. crossref(new window)

Orfanidis S, Panayotidis P and Ugland K. 2011. Ecological Evaluation Index continuous formula (EEI-c) application: a step forward for functional groups, the formula and reference condition values. Medit Mar Sci 12, 199-231. crossref(new window)

Padilla DK and Allen BJ. 2000. Paradigm lost : reconsidering functional form and group hypotheses in marine ecology. Exp Mar Biol Ecol 250, 207-221. crossref(new window)

Pandolfi JM, Connolly SR, Marshall DJ and Cohen AL. 2011. Projecting coral reef futures under global warming and ocean acidification. Science 333, 418-422. crossref(new window)

Park MS, Yoo HI, Heo JS, Kim YD and Choi HG. 2011. Seasonal variation in the marine algal flora and community structure along the Tongyeong Coast, Korea. Fish Aquat Sci 44, 732-739. crossref(new window)

Perkol-Finkel S, Ferrario F, Nicotera V and Airoldi L. 2012. Conservation challenges in urban seascapes: Promoting the growth of threatened species on coastal infrastructures. J Appl Phycol 49, 1457-1466. crossref(new window)

Piazzi, L. and Cinelli, F. 2001. Distribution and dominance of two introduced turf-forming macroalgae on the coast of Tuscany, Italy, northwestern Mediterranean Sea in relation to different habitats and sedimentation. Botanica Marina 44, 509-520., June 2005. crossref(new window)

Pinedo S, Garcia M, Satta MP, Torres M and Ballesteros E. 2007. Rocky shore communities as indicators of water quality; a case study in the north-western Mediterranean. Mar Pollut Bull 55, 126-135. crossref(new window)

Rindi F and Guiry MD. 2004. A long-term comparison of benthic algal flora of ClareIsland, County Mayo, western Ireland. Bio Conserv 13, 471-492. crossref(new window)

Ponti M, Vadrucci MR, Orfanidis S and Pinna M. 2009. Biotic indices for ecological status of transitional water ecosystems. Transit Wat Bull 3, 32-90. crossref(new window)

Roleda MY, Morris JN, Mcgraw CM and Hurd CL. 2012. Ocean acidification and seaweed reproduction: Increased CO2 ameliorates the negative effect of lowered pH on meiospore germination in the giant kelp Macrocystis pyrifera(Laminariales, Phaeophyceae). Global Change Biol 18, 854-864. crossref(new window)

Satheesh S and Wesley SG. 2012. Diversity and distribution of seaweeds in the Kudankulam coastal waters, south-eastern coast of India. Biod J 3, 79-84.

Scherner H, Horta PA, de Oliveira EC, Simonassi JC, Hall-Spencer JM, Chow F, Nunes JMC and Pereira SMB. 2013. Coastal urbanization leads to remarkable seaweed species loss and community shifts along the SW Atlantic. Mar Pollut Bull 76, 106-115. crossref(new window)

Segawa S. 1956. Colored Illustrations of the Seaweeds of Japan. Osaka, Pub. Co., LTD. Japan.

Sohn CH. 1987. Phytogeographical characterization and quantitative analysis of algal communities in Korea. Ph. D. Thesis. Chonnam National Univ., Kwangju, Korea, 1-111.

Song JN, Park SK, Heo JS, Kim BY, Yoo HI and Choi HG. 2011. Summer seaweed flora and community structure of uninhabited islands in Goheung, Korea. Fish Aquat Sci 44, 524-532. crossref(new window)

Song SH. 1971. Phytosociological study of marine flora at Odongdo. Bull Kor Fish Soc 4, 105-112.

Steneck RS and Dethier MN. 1994. A functional group approach to the structure of algal-dominated communities. Oikos 69, 476-498. crossref(new window)

Taniguchi K. 1998. From “Isoyake” to Kelp Forest. Shokabo, 196 pp.

Yoo HI, Heo JS and Choi HG. 2015. Seasonal variability of marine algal flora and community structure at Gumgap, jindo, on the southwestern coast of Korea. JFMSE 27, 300-307. crossref(new window)

Yoo HI, Jeong BY, Park JK, Heo JS, Park MS and Choi HG. 2014. Seasonal variability of marine algal flora and community structure at Jungjado, on the South coast of Korea. Fish Aquat Sci 47, 927-934. crossref(new window)

Yoo JS and Kim YH. 1990. Structure analysis of intertidal algal communities in Muchangpo and Maryangri, Western coast of Korea. Korean J Bot 33, 225-236.

Wan XO, Park HH, Yoo HI and Choi HG. 2009. Temporal variations in seaweed biomass and coverage in Korean coasts: Ongdo, Chungnam. Fish Aquat Sci 12, 130-137. crossref(new window)

Wells E, Wilkinson M, Wood P and Scanlan C. 2007. The use of macroalgal species richness and composition on intertidal rocky seashores in the assessment of ecological quality under the European water framework directive. Mar Pollut Bull 55, 151-161. crossref(new window)

Whitaker SG, Smith JR and Murray SN. 2010. Reestablishment of the southern California rocky intertidal brown alga, Silvetia comperessa: An experimental investigation of techniques and abiotic and biotic factors that affect restoration success. Restor Ecol 18, 18-26. crossref(new window)

Worm B, Lotze HK and Sommer U. 2000. Coastal food web structure, carbon storage, and nitrogen retention regulated by consumer pressure and nutrient loading. Limnol Oceanogr 45, 339-349. crossref(new window)