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The Characteristics of Lacquer Coating of Mother-of-Pearl Turtle Shell Lacquerware
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  • Journal title : Journal of Conservation Science
  • Volume 32, Issue 2,  2016, pp.109-121
  • Publisher : The Korean Society Of Conservation Science For Cultural Properties
  • DOI : 10.12654/JCS.2016.32.2.02
 Title & Authors
The Characteristics of Lacquer Coating of Mother-of-Pearl Turtle Shell Lacquerware
Lee, Seon Joo; Okada, Fumio;
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Mother-of-pearl turtle shell lacquerware refers to a decoration made of a mother-of-pearl, a turtle shell and metal wires. This lacquerware features bright color tone as it is produced by sprinkling metal powder over its entire surface. This study aimed to find out its material properties and characteristics by using an optical microscopy and conducting a SEM-EDS analysis on the cross section of lacquer coating. As a result, it was found that charcoal powder and soil powder were mixed for undercoating. Then a mixture of cinnabar lacquer and monoclinic arsenic sulfide mineral () was coated on the undercoating and brass powder was sprinkled on top of it. Especially, a little amount of pigment was found on the lacquer layer, which is distinguished from the colors used for conventional lacquer patterns. In addition, it was also found that the cinnabar lacquer and monoclinic arsenic sulfide mineral were mixed together.
Lacquer;Charcoal powder;Soil powder;As;S;Hg;Pigment;
 Cited by
Choi, S.C., Kim, S.D., Yi, Y.H., Ko, S.R. and Ham, S.W., 2011, Studies on Analysis of Joseon Lacquer layer. Journal of Conservation Science, 27(4), 371-380. (in Korean with English abstract)

Choi, Y.S., 2013, A Study on of the Koryo Museum of Art. Culture Historical Society, 40, 197-217. (in Korean with English abstract)

Gwak, D.W., 2006, Korean Lacquer Wares; The Everlasting Beauty. National Museum of Korea, 194. (in Korean)

Kim, E.K., Ahn, S.A., and Jang, S.Y., 2015, A Study on Transparency and Characteristics of Natural Adhesives Made of Urushiol and Glue. Journal of Conservation Science, 31(2), 118. (in Korean with English abstract)

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Kim, S.C. and Cho, S.M., 2010, Neungsalli Temple Site Dreaming the Restoration of Baekje. Buyeo National Museum, 236-248. (in Korean with English abstract)

Miyakoshi, T.H., Honda, T., Yuasa, K. and Lee, N.H., 2013, Applied analysis and distinction of traditional Korean lacquer wares based on pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. 3rd International Symposium on Conservation of Cultural Heritage In East Asia, 199. (in Korean with English abstract)

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Yi, Y.H., 2010, A study of the techniques of the ancient korean lacquer ware. Master's thesis, Kongju National University, Graduate school. (in Korean with English abstract)

Yi, Y.H., Park, S.Z., Yun, E.Y. and Jung, H.J., 2014, Production Techniques for Goryeo Wooden Lacquerware. Conservation science in museum, 5, 78-95. (in Korean with English abstract)