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A Study on the Material Characteristics and Functionality Evaluation of a Size Layer of a Canvas
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  • Journal title : Journal of Conservation Science
  • Volume 32, Issue 2,  2016, pp.167-178
  • Publisher : The Korean Society Of Conservation Science For Cultural Properties
  • DOI : 10.12654/JCS.2016.32.2.06
 Title & Authors
A Study on the Material Characteristics and Functionality Evaluation of a Size Layer of a Canvas
Kim, Hwan Ju; Lee, Hwa Soo; Chung, Yong Jae;
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Despite the size layer is an important part for conserving the artworks in the configuration of oil painting, the conservation scientific approaches of that have not been made yet. Therefore, this study produced standard samples on the basis of the analysis results of oil painting works, and carried out the evaluation of functions of the size layer materials. As a result of literature material, traditionally, animal glue was used for the size layer, whereas synthetic resin have been used in combination with animal glue since the modern age, in particular, it was identified that Polyvinyl Acetate(PVAc) was in general use. As a result of analysis of oil painting works, size layer was detected on the support and it was identified as animal glue. As a result of analysis based on Funaoka canvas for ground, it showed that the lead oxide and the titanium dioxide were the main constituents. On the basis of these results, standard samples were produced. As a result of evaluation on the functions of the size layer materials, in the case of the animal glue, stable result was observed in the shrinkag expansion rate, whereas slight weakness was observed in moisture proofing, color, and tensile strength, and dense cracks were found on surface. As for PVAc(A), moisture proofing, color, and the tensile strength exhibited stable results. Higher shrinkage rate was observed and the cracks with wide gaps were found on surface. As for PVAc(B), tensile strength, shrinkage expansion rate, and surface observation showed stable results, whereas moisture proofing property showed poor results. Different aspects were observed in each experiment, and this phenomena were considered to be due to the density and the adhesion properties between the hydrophilic and hydrophobic molecules in the size layer materials. The results are expected to be used as materials for the oil painting work conservation henceforth.
Oil Painting;Size Layer;Canvas;Animal Glue;Polyvinyl Acetate(PVAc);Gamblin PVA Size;Funaoka Canvas;Damp proof property test;Conservation;
 Cited by
Chelazzi, D., Chevalier, A., Pizzorusso, G., Giorgi, R., Menu, M. and Baglioni, P., 2014, Characterization and degradation of poly(vinyl acetate)-based adhesives for canvas paintings. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 107, 314-320. crossref(new window)

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