JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Metallurgical Analysis for Non-ferrous Smelting Slag Collected from Seosan Area
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Journal of Conservation Science
  • Volume 32, Issue 2,  2016, pp.189-202
  • Publisher : The Korean Society Of Conservation Science For Cultural Properties
  • DOI : 10.12654/JCS.2016.32.2.08
 Title & Authors
Metallurgical Analysis for Non-ferrous Smelting Slag Collected from Seosan Area
Lee, Hye Jin; Lee, Hye Youn; Lee, So Dam; Cho, Nam Chul;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
To figure out the material characteristics about slag and raw materials which are founded in iron product sites in Seosan area, we used XRF, EDS to analysis chemical compositions. Also we observe the microstructure by microscope and SEM. To identify the mineral component, XRD analysis was used and to assume the provenance of the raw material, lead isotope ratio analysis was used. From the results, we figure out that slags are non-ferrous created when metal was refined. Also, main tissue of slags were Fayalite, Galena, Magnetite, and raw materials were identified as mineral of Galena, Anglesite, Pyrite etc. From the result about lead isotope ratio analysis, we found out most samples are classified as the Western Gyeonggi massif in South Korea. Especially three of raw materials and slag samples which collected in the Seosan Doseongri was presumed to be the provenance. We figure out that slags we analyzed were made in non-ferrous metal smelting process and especially that were more likely to smelt from Seosan Doseongri. If various slags in this area are analysed by someone, It will contribute understanding non-ferrous metal refining process as well as metal refining which are composed.
 Keywords
Iron Production;Slag;Non-ferrous Metal Refining;Lead isotope ratio;Provenance;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
1.
Bachmann, H.G., 1982, The identification of slags from archaeological sites. Institute of Archaeology, London, 6.

2.
Craddock, P.T., 1995, Early metal mining and production. Edinburgh university press, Edinburgh, 205-233.

3.
Choi, J., 1997, Cheongonggaemul. Juntongmunwhasa, Korea, 304-337.

4.
Cheong, C.S., 2010, A study on the distribution of lead isotope in the Korea peninsula. Korea Basic Science Institute.

5.
Daedongyeo-jido, 1861.

6.
Dungworth, D., 2015, Archaeometallurgy: Guidelines for Best Practice. Historic England, 49-58.

7.
Han, M.S., Han, W.R., Hwang, J.J., Kim, S.J., Kim, S.K. and Lee, E.W., 2013, Extraction Process of Lead and Variations of Physicochemical Properties using the Smelting Experiment of Galena. Journal of Conservation Science, 29(1), 69-79. (in Korean with English abstract) crossref(new window)

8.
Jeong, Y.J., Choeng, C.S, Shin, D., Lee, K.S., Jo, H.J., Gautam, M.K. and Lee, I., 2012, Regional variations in the lead isotopic composition of galena from southern Korea with implications for the discrimination of lead provenance. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 61, 116-127. crossref(new window)

9.
Jungwon National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage, 2014, Result report of the artefact excavated from the iron production site of the Jungwon province.

10.
Korea Resources Corporation, 2015, Korea Mineral Resource Information Service(KOMIS).

11.
Kwon, H.N., 2001, The study on ancient copper smelting : slags excavated from dongchun-dong, kyungju. Master's Thesis, Kookmin University. (in Korean with English abstract)

12.
Mabuchi, H. and Hirao, Y., 1987, Lead isotope ratios of lead ores in east Asia-in relation to bronze artifacts. Archeaology Journal, 73, 199-245. (in Japanese with English abstract)

13.
Oh, S.J., 2012, Dam-ro of Hansung Baekje period, then iron production and Chiljido in Seosan. The conference materials of the Seosan Local Culture Research, 9-10. (in Korean)

14.
The Annals of King Taejong, 1417.

15.
The Diaries of King Yeonsangun, 1503.

16.
Vojtech, E., Zdenek, J., Jan, Z., Michaela, S. W., Martin, M. and Ondrej, S., 2015, Slag remains from the Na Slupi site (Prague, Czech Republic): evidence for early medieval non-ferrous metal smelting. Journal of Archaeological Science, 53, 72-83. (in Czech with English abstract) crossref(new window)

17.
Yoon, D.S., 1986, On the slag produced in early iron metallurgy. The Journal of the National Academy of Science, 25, 380-390. (in Korean with English abstract)