Advanced SearchSearch Tips
The Relation between Body Composition of the Aged and the Change of Physical Fitness Level through Complex Exercise Training for 12 weeks
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
The Relation between Body Composition of the Aged and the Change of Physical Fitness Level through Complex Exercise Training for 12 weeks
Zoo, Suk-Bum; Choi, Yoo-Rim; Sim, Ki-Cheol; Kim, Mi-Jung; Choi, Wan-Suk; Koo, Ja-Pung; Lee, Suk-Hee; Lee, Sang-Bin;
  PDF(new window)
The purpose of this study is to investigate and reveal the effects that the complex exercise training consisting of aerobic exercise and strength training(sit up, push up) that everyone can easily practice regardless of a time and a place in order to manage practically the physical strength of the aged affects the difference on their body composition and the change of physical fitness level. Looking into the change of body composition of an experimental group, the weight of 2.5kg was reduced after applying complex training for 12 weeks and the body fat mass of 2.65kg was reduced. Also, the abdominal fat of 0.13% was decreased and the muscle mass of 1.56kg was increased. For the change factors of physical fitness, cardiovascular endurance, muscular strength, muscular endurance, balance and flexibility excluding agility showed significant improvement after applying complex exercise training. The improvement of health fitness of the aged under this study was significantly effective to improve specified body functions which had been lowered by aging and insufficient physical activities. So, it is regarded that their health fitness is the important factor to improve the activity competence required for daily life and to lead healthy living by the improved activity competence. Henceforth, it needs to study more the complex composition of several sports, exercise intensity and the frequency based on the previous researches and studies. In addition, it needs to develop the complex exercise training in accordance with various characteristics such as a sex of the aged, an age, a physical fitness level, environment, a disease and the program in consideration of the efficacy and safety during training.
Complex Exercise Training;Physical Fitness;Fitness Level;
 Cited by
Kim JH. A Study on the Health Age, Activity Daily of Living and Cognitive Function of the Elderly. Korean Nurses Academic Soicety 2001; 2(2).

Sim JM. Effect of 12 Weeks Combined Exercise Program Participant on Health Related Fitness Factor for Elderly Women. Graduate School of Mokwon University 2007.

Shin KT. A Study of the subjective health and physical fitness and the objective index of elderly. Graduate School of Dongguk University 2006.

McCarthy, N; McKelvie, R.S;Martin, J.;Sale, D.G; and MacDougall, J.D. Weight-training induced at benuation of the circulatory response of older males to weight lifting, Journal of Applied Physialogy 1994; 74: 1056-1060.

Berger BG, Pargman D, Weinberg RS. Foundations of exercise psychology. Morgantown, WV; Fithess Informantion Technology 2002.

Park SK, Kwon YC, Kim EH. Effects of 12 weeks complex training on body composition and risk factors of metabolic syndrome in the obese middle school girls. The Korean Journal of Phyaical Education 2006; 46(1)

Choi YH. A Study of the Health Status for Korean old people's. Korean Nurses Academic Soicety 1990; 20(3): 307-323

Han JY. Effects of an 8-week combined training of jump ropping and walking on body composition, physical fitness, blood lipids, and insulin sensitivity in general middle-aged women. Graduate school of Physical Education Sports Medicine, Kyung Hee University 2007

Lee SS. Study on the Effect of Complex Trainning on Health Related Physical Strength of the Elderly, Department of Sports Science, Graduate School of Sports Science, Yeungnam University 2008.

Ruta DA, Abdalla MI, Garratt AM, Coutts A, Russell LT. SF-36 health survey questinnaire: I. Reliability in two patient based atudies. Qual Health Care 1994; Dec 3(4): 180-185. crossref(new window)

Kim JH. Effects of Rhythmic Exercise on Body Composition and Health-Related Fitness in Elderly Women. Korea Sport Research 2004; 15(2).

Choi HN. Research of whether is adult about health action. Dept. of public administration, Graduate School of Yonsei University 1983.

Bjarner JB, Damsgaard MT, Watt T, Groenvold M. Tests of data quality, scaling assumptons, and reliability of the Danish SF-36. J Cin Epidemiol 1998; Nov 51(11): 1001-1011. crossref(new window)

Ko IT. The Effect of Weight Training and Circuit Weight Training on the Muscle strength and Physical Work Capacity. The Korean Journal of Phyaical Education 1994; 33(3).

Evans & Campbell. Sarcopenia and age-related changes in body composition and func tional capacity. Journal of Nutrition 1993; 123: 456-468.

World health organization. The world health report-Health systems financing: the path to universal coverage 1998

ASCM. Guidelines for exercise testing and prescription, 6th ed. Benefits of regular physlcal activity and/or exercise 2003

Jun TW, Choi SG. Physical search & therapy theory. Gemgang books 1990.

Jong HC. Effect of the PNF and weight training on muscular strength and flexibility of the Lower Limbs in the elderly. The korean Morphological Proportionality Academy 2004; 12(1)