JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effects of Lower Extremity Resistance Exercise Using Elastic Bands on Balance in Elderly People
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effects of Lower Extremity Resistance Exercise Using Elastic Bands on Balance in Elderly People
Kim, Nyeon Jun; Kim, Moo Ki;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of lower extremity resistance training using elastic bands on balance in elderly people. Eight elderly persons each were randomly assigned to a test group(resistance exercise group, REG) or a control group(CG). FRT and TUG test were used to compare balance before and after exercise. Exercise programs were implemented three times a week for 40 minutes for nine weeks. They did warm-up exercise for 5 minutes and then lower extremity resistance exercise using elastic bands for 30 minutes. And then they did cool-down exercise for 5 minutes. TUG and FRT significantly decreased but in the control group it did not significantly decrease. In comparison between the groups, TUG and FRT significantly reduced in the resistance exercise group compared to the control group. Lower extremity resistance training using elastic bands performed by elderly persons are considered to be effective in improving balance.
 Keywords
Resistance Exercise;Balance;Thera Band Exercise;Lower Extremities Activity;Elderly;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
Piirtola M, Era P. Force platform measurements as predictors of falls among older people-a review. Gerontology 2006; 52(1): 1-16. crossref(new window)

2.
Park JS. The Effects of Strengthening Leg Muscular Strength on the Elderly's Walking and Balance Ability. The journal of Korean society of physical therapy 2002; 11(2): 71-80.

3.
Hicks GE, Simonsick EM, Harris TB, Newman AB, Weiner DK, Nevitt MA, Tylavsky FA. Trunk muscle composition as a predictor of reduced functional capacity in the health, aging and body composition study: the moderating role of back pain. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2005; 60(11):1420-4. crossref(new window)

4.
Baker DI, King MB, Fortinsky RH, Graff LG 4th, Gottschalk M, Acampora D, Preston J, Brown CJ, Tinetti ME. Dissemination of an evidence-based multicomponent fall risk-assessment and -management strategy throughout a geographic area. J Am Geriatr Soc 2005; 53(4): 675-80. crossref(new window)

5.
Lajoie Y, Gallagher SP. Predicting falls within the elderly community: comparison of postural sway, reaction time, the Berg balance scale and the Activities-specific Balance Confidence(ABC) scale for comparing fallers and non-fallers. Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2004; 38: 11-26. crossref(new window)

6.
Bassey EJ, Fiatarone MA, O'Neill EF., Kelly M, Evans WJ, Lipsitz LA. Leg extensor power and functional performance in very old men and women. Cliniclal Science 1992; 82: 321-327.

7.
Mark AW. Human development and aging. ACSM resource manual for guidelines for exercise testing and prescription; guidelines for exercise testing and prescription. 2001; 513-519.

8.
Park HS, Yoon BC. The Effects of on Resistive Exercise of Lower Limb's used Thera-band on Factors Related to Falls in Elderly Woman. Journal of sport and leisure studies 2009; 36(2):773-779.

9.
Lord SR, Ward JA, Williams P, Anstey KJ. Physiological factors associated with falls in older community-dwelling women. J Am Geriatr Soc 1994; 42: 1110-7.

10.
Messier SP, Royer TD, Craven TE, O'Toole ML, Burns R, Ettinger WH. Long-term exercise and its effect on balance in older, osteoarthritic adults: results from the Fitness, Arthritis, and Seniors Trial(FAST). J Am Geriatr Soc 2000; 48:131-8.

11.
Buchner DM, Cress ME, Lateur BJ, Esselman PC, Margherita AJ, Price R. The effect of strength and endurance training on gait, balance, fall risk, and health services use in community-living older adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 1997; 52: M218-24.

12.
Wolf SL, Barnhart HX, Ellison GL,Coogler CE. The effect of Tai Chi Quan and computerized balance training on postural stability in older subjects. Atlanta FICSIT group. Frailty and injuries: Cooperative studies on intervention techniques. Phys Ther 1997; 77: 371-381.

13.
Page P, Ellenbecker TS. The scientific and clinical application of elastic resistance. Canadan Physiotherapy Association 2003; 55(4): 300-508.

14.
Dishman RK, Sallis JF, Orenstein DR. The determinants of physical activity and exercise. Public Health Rep 1985; 100(2): 158–171.

15.
Morris S, Morris ME, Iansek R. Reliability of measurements obtained with the times 'up and go' test in people with Parkinson disease. Phys Ther 2001; 83(2): 810-818.

16.
Duncan PW, Weiner DK, Chandler J, Studenski S. Functional reach: a new clinical measure of alance. J Gerontol 1990; 45(6): M192-197.

17.
Gallagher B, Corbett E, Freeman L, Riddoch-Kennedy A, Miller S, Smith C, Radensky L, Zarrow A. A fall prevention program for the home environment. Home Care Provid 2001; 6(5):157-63. crossref(new window)

18.
Kim JU. The effects of elastic resistance exercise of lumbo-pelvic region and lower limbs muscle upon walking ability as well as balance ability of the elderly. Keimyung University 2006.

19.
Tinetti ME, Mendes-de-Leon CF, Doucette JT, Baker DI. Fear of falling and fall-related efficacy in relationship to functioning among communityliving elders. Gerontol 1994; 49: M140-147.

20.
Moon YM. Effect of Elastic Band for Resisrance Training and Balance Trining on Walking Ability in Elderly Women. Kookmi University 2007.

21.
Ballard JE, McFarland C, Wallace LS, Holiday DB, Roberson G. The Effect of 15 Weeks of Exercise on Balance, Leg Strength, and Reduction in Falls in 40 Women Aged 65 to 89 Years. JAMWA 2004; 59: 255-261.

22.
Hess JA, Woollacott M. Effect of high-intensity strength-training on functional measures of balance ability in balance-impaired older adults. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2005; 28: 582-590. crossref(new window)

23.
Sin SM. Effect of elastic resistance training on the improvement of balance and gait in the elderly. Keimyung University. Masters Thesis; 2005.

24.
Lee HS, An YH, Kang HJ, Kim HR, Kim HJ, Lee YM, Choi JH, Yang HS, Jung CJ. Effect of Elastic Band Exercise Based of PNF L/E pattern on the Balance in the Elderly people. The journal of Korean society of physical therapy 2005; 17(1):61-70.

25.
Kim G. Effects of Elastic Band Resistance Exercise on Improving the Balance and Walking Ability in the Elderly. Dongshin University 2008.

26.
Yamada M, Arai H, Uemura K, Mori S, Nagai K, Tanaka B, Terasaki Y, Iguchi M, Aoyama T. Effect of resistance training on physical performance and fear of falling in elderly with different levels of physical well-being. Age Ageing 2011; 40(5): 637-41. crossref(new window)

27.
Kim K, Cha YJ, Fell DW. The effect of contralateral training: Influence of unilateral isokinetic exercise on one-legged standing balance of the contralateral lower extremity in adults. Gait Posture 2011; 34(1): 103-6. crossref(new window)

28.
Orr R, Vos NJ, Singh NA, Ross DA, Stavrinos TM, Fiatarone-Singh MA. Power Training Improves Balance in Healthy Older Adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2006; 61(1): 78-85. crossref(new window)

29.
Topp R, Mikesky A, Dayhoff NE, Holt W. Effect of resistance training on strength, postural control, and gait velocity among older adults. Clin Nurs Res 1996; 5(4): 407-27. crossref(new window)