JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
The Effects of Balance Exercise on an Unstable Platform and a Stable Platform on Static Balance
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
The Effects of Balance Exercise on an Unstable Platform and a Stable Platform on Static Balance
Kim, Nyeon Jun; Yoo, Kyung Tae; An, Ho Jung; Shin, Hee Joon; Koo, Ja Pung; Kim, Bo Kyoung; Kim, Hong Rae; Choi, Jung Hyun;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
The purpose of this study is to observe how balance exercise on an unstable platform and on a stable platform affects balance ability. The subjects were 35 adults in their 20s and were randomly assigned to a stable platform group and an unstable platform group. They performed balance exercise three times per week for six weeks. Balance exercise introduced by previous research was modified and complemented for use in this study. Balance ability of the subjects was measured through center of pressure(COP) area, medial-lateral displacement, and anterior-posterior displacement using a portable balance platform BT4. There was significant difference in the COP area between the unstable platform exercise group and the stable platform exercise group. In comparison in differences between the unstable platform exercise group and the stable platform exercise group after the exercise, there was significant difference in anterior-posterior movement. Therefore, exercise on an unstable platform is more effective than exercise on a stable platform in strengthening balance ability.
 Keywords
Static Blance;Unstable Platform;Stable Platform;Balance Exercise;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
Shumway-Cook A, Horak FB. Assessing the influence of sensory interaction on balance: Suggestion from the field. Phys Ther 1986; 66: 1548-1550.

2.
Nichols DS, Miller L, Colby LA, Pease WS. Sitting balance: Its relation to function in individuals with hemiparesis. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1996; 77: 865-869. crossref(new window)

3.
Gehlsen GM, Whaley MH. Falls on the elderly: Part II, balance, strength, and flexibility. Arch Phys Med Rehab 1990; 71: 739-741.

4.
Tinetti ME, Speechley M, Ginter SF. Risk factors for falls among elderly person living in the community. N Engl J Med 1988; 319: 1701-1707. crossref(new window)

5.
Horak FB. Effects of neurological disorders on postural movement strategies in the elderly. In Falls, balance and gait disorders in the elderly(1st ed). Paris, Elsevier 1992.

6.
Janda V. Muscles and motor control in low back pain: assessment and management.In: Twomey LT. Physical therapy of the low back(1st ed). New York, Churchill Livingstone 1987; 253-278.

7.
Day RW, Wildermuth BP. Proprioceptive training in the rehabilitationoflowerextremity injuries. Adv Sports Med Fitness 1988; 1: 241-258.

8.
Zech A, Hubscher M, Vogt L, Banzer W, Hansel F, Pfeifer K. Neuromuscular training for rehabilitation of sports injuries: a systematic review. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2009; 41(10): 1831-1841. crossref(new window)

9.
Heitkamp HC, Horstmann T, Mayer F, Weller J, Dickhuth HH. Gain instrength and muscular balance after balance training. Int J Sports Med 2001: 22(4): 285-290. crossref(new window)

10.
Bruhn S, Kullmann N, Gollhofer A. The effects of a sensorimotor training and a strength training on postural stabilisation, maximum isometric contraction and jump performance, maximum isometric contraction and jump performance. Int J Sports Med 2004; 25(1): 56-60. crossref(new window)

11.
Granacher U, Gollhofer A, Strass A. Training induced adaptations in characteristics of postural reflexes in elderly men. Gait Posture 2006; 24(4): 459-466. crossref(new window)

12.
Corriveau H, Hebert R, Raiche M, Prince F. Evaluation of postural stability in the elderly with stroke. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2004; 85(7): 1095-1101. crossref(new window)

13.
Dickstein R, Abulaffio N. Postural sway of the affected and nonaffected pelvis and leg in stance of hemiparetic patients. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2000; 81(3): 364-367. crossref(new window)

14.
Winter DA, Prince F, Frank JS, Powell C, Zabjek KF. Unified theory regarding A/P and M/L balance in quiet stance. J Neurophysiol 1996; 75(6): 2334-2343.

15.
Winter DA, Patla AE, Prince F, Ishac M, Gielo-Perczak K. Stiffness control of balance in quiet standing. J Neurophysiol 1998; 80(3): 1211-1221.

16.
El-Kahky AM, Kingma H, Dolmans M, de Jong I. Balance control near the limit of stability in various sensory conditions in healthy subjects and patients suffering from vertigo or balance disorders: impact of sensory input on balance control. Acta Otolaryngol 2000; 120(4): 508-516. crossref(new window)

17.
VL Gray, TD Ivanova, SJ Garland. Reliability of center of pressure measures within and between sessions in individuals post-stroke and healthy controls. Gait Posture (In Press, Accepted Manuscript) 2014.

18.
Garland SJ, Willems DA, Ivanova TD, Miller KJ. Recovery of standing balance and functional mobility after stroke. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2003; 84(12): 1753-1759. crossref(new window)

19.
Garland SJ, Ivanova TD, Mochizuki G. Recovery of standing balance and health-related quality of life after mild or moderately severe stroke. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2007; 88(2): 218-227. crossref(new window)

20.
Gray VL, Juren LM, Ivanova TD, Garland SJ. Retraining postural responses with exercises emphasizing speed poststroke. Phys Ther 2012; 92(7): 924-934. crossref(new window)

21.
Yoo KT, An MY, Eom SJ, Kim BK, Lee JH, Choi JH, Shin HJ, Moon OK, Choi WS, Min KO. Effects of gastrocnemius and lumbar back muscle exercise on standing balance. J Int Acad Ther Res 2013; 4(2); 618-624. crossref(new window)

22.
Franklin DW, Osu R, Burdet E, Kawato M, Milner TE. Adaptation to stable and unstable dynamics achieved by combined impedance control and inverse dynamics model. J Neurophysiol 2003; 90(5): 3270-3282. crossref(new window)

23.
Irion JM, Use of the hym ball in rehabilitation of spinal dysfunction. J Am Orthopaedic Phys Ther Clin 1992; 1(2): 375-398.

24.
Cho MJ, Do unstable surface facilitate proprioception input?: somatosensory evoked potentials analysis study. Catholic university of Pusan 2011.

25.
Kim MC, Han SK, Oh HY. A Comparison of the Effects of the Muscle Activity and Balance Ability by a Kind of Ground During Balance Exercise. J Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society 2012; 13(10): 4598-4603. crossref(new window)

26.
Wortmann MA, Docherty CL. Effect of balance training on postural stability in subjects with chronic ankle instability. J Sport Rehabil 2013; 22(2): 143-149.

27.
Howe TE, Rochester L, Neil F, Skelton DA, Ballinger C. Exercise for improving balance in older people. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2011; 9(11): CD004963.

28.
Yu JH, Comparison of the effects on balance control of 3 balance training programs among some female students. Chosun University 2010.

29.
Lee JS. Comparison of core muscle activity on surface conditions and Loads during squat exercise. Dankook University 2013.

30.
DA Neumann. Kinesiology of the musculoskeletal system(2nd). Mosby 2009; 379-397.

31.
DiStefano LJ, Clark MA, Padua DA. Evidence supporting balance training in healthy individuals: a systemic review. J Strength Cond Res 2009; 23(9): 2718-2731. crossref(new window)

32.
Di Fabio RP. Sensitivity and specificity of platform posturography for identifying patients with vestibular dysfunction. Phys Ther 1995; 75(4): 290-305.

33.
Bruhn S, Kullmann N, Gollhofer A. Combinatory effects of high-intensity-strength training and sensorimotor training on muscle strength. Int J Sports Med 2006; 27(5): 401-406. crossref(new window)