Advanced SearchSearch Tips
The Influence of Physical Therapy on the Changes in Clinical Dementia Rating Scale in Long-stay Elderly Patients
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
The Influence of Physical Therapy on the Changes in Clinical Dementia Rating Scale in Long-stay Elderly Patients
Kim, Ji Sung;
  PDF(new window)
This study was carried out to identify the influence of continuous physical therapy on long-stay elderly patients. This study classified 92 patients who had been hospitalized for one year into experimental group who continued to perform physical therapy and control group who did not conduct physical therapy and these two groups were classified into 0.5 point-questionable group, 1 point-mild dementia group, and 2 point-moderate dementia group based on the Clinical Dementia Rating Scale(CDR) when they were hospitalized in order to analyze the changes at the early stage of hospitalization and after one year has passed. As a result, it was appeared that both in CDR 0.5-point subgroup of questionable group and in CDR 1-point subgroup of mild dementia group, CDR was statistically significantly reduced in the experimental group whose physical therapy was continuously performed than in the control group whose physical therapy was not performed(p<.05) and that there was no significant difference in changes in the CDR between experimental group and control group in CDR 2-point group, which is a moderate dementia group.
Dementia;Cognitive Function;Clinical Dementia Rating Scale;
 Cited by
You SY, Hong SA, Moon KL. Effects of Hatha Yoga Practice on the Elderly Having Chronic Back Pain because of Computer Usage, J Kor Institute of Electronic Communication Sci 2013; 8(7): 1121-1128. crossref(new window)

Kwak YT, Han IW, Kim DS, Seo SH, Lee CS, Suk SH, Son IH. Clinical Characteristics of Geriatric Patients Admitted to Yongin Hyoja Geriatric Hospital. J Korean Neurol Assoc 2000; 18(2): 179-185.

Kim SY, Kim JH, Yu KH, Kwon KH, Jung S, Shin JH, Ahn BC, Lee HO, Choi SM, Hahm W, Kim DH. The clinical features and hospital courses of patients admitted to a geriatric hospital : analysis of 600 registered cases. Dement Neurocognitive Disord 2009; 8(1): 28-36.

Kim JK, Chong BH. Effect of physical activity of patient with dementia. J Occupational Ther for the Aged and Dement 2007; 1(2): 70-79.

Wang L, Larson EB, Bowen JD, van Belle G. Performance-Based Physical Function and Future Dementia in Older People. Arch Intern Med 2006; 166(10): 1115-1120. crossref(new window)

Choi SH, Na DL, Lee BH, Hahm DS, Jeong JH, Yoon SJ, Yoo KH, Ha CK, Han IW. Dementia Research Group. Estimating the Validity of the Korean Version of Expanded Clinical Dementia Rating(CDR) Scale. J Korean Neurol Assoc 2001; 19(6): 585-591.

Evans DA. Funkenstein HH, Albert MS, Scherr PA, Cook NR, Chown MJ, Hebert LE, Mennekens CH, Taylor JO. Prevalence of Alzheimer's disease in a community population of the elder persons: Higher than previously reported. J Am Med Assoc 1989; 262: 2551-2556. crossref(new window)

McDowell I. Alzheimer's Disease: Insights from Epidemiology. Aging 2001; 13(3): 143-162.

Laurin D, Verreault R, Lindsay J, MacPherson K, Rockwood K. Physical Activity and Risk of Cognitive Impairment and Dementia in Elderly Persons. Arch Neurol 2001; 58(3): 498-504.

Thomas VS, Hageman PA. A preliminary study on the reliability of physical performance measures in older day-care center clients with dementia. Int Psychogeriatr 2002; 14(1): 17-23. crossref(new window)

Brill PA, Drimmer AM, Morgan LA, Gordon NF. The feasibility of conducting strength and flexibility programs for elderly nursing home residents with dementia. Gerontologist 1995; 35(2): 263-266. crossref(new window)

Yoo JY, Lee NH, Lee CM, Kim MJ. Effect of Yoga Exercise on Blood Pressure, Physical Fitness, and Blood Variables in Elderly with Vascular Dementia. J Physical Growth and Motor Development 2010; 18(3): 217-226.

Um SY, Kwak YS. The effects of regular exercise on cognitive function and blood lipid in woman patient with senile dementia. J Sport Sci 2004; 15(1): 57-65.

Morris JC. The clinical dementia rating(CDR): current version and scoring rules. Neurol 1993; 43: 2412-2414.

Yoo YY, Yang YA. The Effects of Exercise With Cognitive Activity on Balance Performing Ability in the Elderly With Dementia. J Korean Society of Occupational Therapy 2009; 17(3): 15-25.

Geda YE, Roberts RO, Knopman DS, Christianson TJ, Pankratz VS, Ivnik RJ, Boeve BF, Tangalos EG, Petersen RC, Rocca WA. Physical exercise, aging, and mild cognitive impairment: a population-based study. Arch Neurol 2010; 67(1): 80-86.

Yaffe K, Barnes D, Nevitt M, Lui LY, Covinsky KA. Prospective study of physical activity and cognitive decline in elderly women: women who walk. Arch Intern Med 2001; 161(14): 1703-1708. crossref(new window)

Lee KO. The effects of the gymnastic exercise and walking program on body composition, depression and risk factors of dementia in the elderly women. Kor J Sports Sci 2009; 18(2): 1011-1026.

Lee HO, Kim SH, Park RJ. Correlation Analysis between MBI and MMSE after Exercise Program for Dementia Elderly. J Korean society of physical therapy 2000; 12(2): 83-93.

Wang JS, Kim JS, Kim SH. The Effects of Hand Movement Exercise Program on the Improvement of Cognitive Function in the Dementia Old Adults. J Korean society of physical therapy 2009; 16(1): 21-29.

Lautenschlager NT, Cox KL., Flicker L, Foster JK, Van Bockxmeer FM, Xiao J, Greenop KR. Almeida OP. Effect of physical activity on cognitive function in older adults at risk for Alzheimer disease: a randomized trial. J Am Med Assoc 2008; 300(9): 1027-1037. crossref(new window)

Park HS, Kim HS. The Effects of In-facility Exercise Program on Fall-Related Fitness and Cognitive Function in Elderly with Dementia. J Korean society of living environmental system 2010; 17(1): 77-85.

Son HH. The Effects of Exercise Program on Activities of Daily Living and Balance in Elderly with Dementia. The graduate school of Daegu University 2007.

Cassilhas RC, Viana VA, Grassmann V, Santos RT, Santos RF, Tufik S, Mello MT. The impact of resistance exercise on the cognitive function of the elderly. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2007; 39(8): 1401-1407. crossref(new window)

Ven Gelder BM, Tijhuis AR, Kalmijn S, Giampaoli S, Nissinen A, Kromhout D. Physical activity in relation to cognitive decline in elderly men. Neurol 2004; 63(12): 2316-2321. crossref(new window)