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The Effect of Application Parameter of Pulsed Direct Current on Wound Healing of Patients with Pressure Ulcer
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 Title & Authors
The Effect of Application Parameter of Pulsed Direct Current on Wound Healing of Patients with Pressure Ulcer
Kim, Ga Yeong; Lee, Sang Bin; Moon, Ok Kon; Kim, Ji Sung; Choi, Jung Hyun; Wang, Jung San; Park, Joo Hyun; Kim, Hong Rae; Lee, Ju Hwan; Min, Kyung Ok;
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This study investigated the effects of changes to the pulsation factor of pulsed direct currents on wound healing. Patients with a pressure ulcer at a care hospital for the elderly were randomly divided into three groups: Group 1 involved the application of in pulse duration, 10 ms in pulse period, 100 pps in a pulsation factor, 15 mA in pulse amplitude, and polarity red+ by using pulsed direct currents; Group 2 involved a change of pulse period to 8 ms; and Group 3 received general wound management. Although there were no statistically significant differences in the changing stages of pressure ulcers among the groups, all the groups dropped in numerical stages. In the two groups to which pulsed direct currents were applied, there was a statistically significant reduction in the stages of pressure ulcers from the initial assessment to the 12-week assessment (p<.05). Even though there were no statistically significant differences in changes to the area of pressure ulcers among the groups, a statistically significant decrease was found in pulsed direct current group 2 whose pulse period was shortened (p<.05). There was no difference in the healing rate of pressure ulcers among the groups, but it made a numerical increase in pulsed direct current group 1 and group 2 and a numerical decrease in group 3. There were no significant differences in the characteristics of those who had a full recovery among the groups. Those findings indicate that pulsed direct currents have positive effects on the wound healing of patients with a pressure ulcer and that a treatment with pulsed direct currents whose pulsation factor is raised by reducing the pulse duration is especially effective.
Pressure Ulser;Wound Healing;Pulsed Drect Current;
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