JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
The Effects of Music during Balance Training for Six Weeks on Elderly Persons' Balancing Ability
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
The Effects of Music during Balance Training for Six Weeks on Elderly Persons' Balancing Ability
Kim, Nyeon Jun; Choi, Jung Hyun; An, Ho Jung; Kim, Ji Sung; Choi, Yoo Rim; Wang, Jung San; Lee, Sang Bin; Yoo, Kyung Tae; Hwang, Hyun Sook; Kim, Soon Hee;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
The purpose of the present study is to provide exercises, together with music, that are helpful for elderly people's balancing ability, and to determine their effects in order to provide data for the promotion of elderly persons' health. Thirty elderly persons were randomly assigned to a balance training group(BTG) of 15 subjects, or a music and balance training group (music therapy + balance training [MTBTG]) of 15 subjects; intervention was implemented three times per week for six weeks. To measure the changes in their balancing ability before and after the experiment, the limit of stability, the "Timed Up and Go"(TUG) test, and the Berg Balance Scale (BBS) were measured. Changes in the limit of stability before and after the experiment were shown to be significant in both the BTG and the MTBTG. Changes in the limit of stability of the right side before and after the experiment showed statistically significant differences between the BTG and the MTBTG. Changes in the TUG test and the BBS before and after the experiment were shown to be statistically significant in both the BTG and the MTBTG. The application of music during balance training thus is considered to have a positive effect on elderly persons' balancing ability.
 Keywords
Music Therapy;Balance Training;Elderly;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
KIm HS. The effect of progressive exercise on the activities of the elderly. Kor Res Soc Phys Ther 2000; 7(3); 1-15.

2.
Kang HG, Dingwell JB. Effects of walking speed, strength and range of motion on gait stability in healthy older adults. J Biomech 2008; 41(14): 2899-2905. crossref(new window)

3.
Kent-Braun JA, Ng AV, Young K. Skeletal muscle contractile and noncontractile components in young and older women and men. J Appl Physiol. 2000; 88(2): 662-668.

4.
Goodpaster BH, Carlson CL, Visser M, Kelley DE, Scherzinger A, Harris TB, Stamm E, Newman AB. Attenuation of skeletal muscle and strength in the elderly: The Health ABC Study. J Appl Physiol 2001; 90(6): 2157-2165.

5.
Schlicht J, Camaione DN, Owen SV. Effect of intense strength training on standing balance, walking speed, and sit-to-stand performance in older adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2001; 56(5): M281-286. crossref(new window)

6.
Sung SC, Kang CG, Lee MG. Effects of falling experience on physical fitness, isokinetic Leg strength, and balance in the elderly women. Kor Alliance Heal Phys Educa Recrea Dance 2007; 46(3); 503-515.

7.
Fitzpatrick R, Burke D, Gandevia SC. Loop gain of reflexes controlling human standing measured with the use of postural and vestibular disturbances. J Neurophysiol 1996; 76(6): 3994-4008.

8.
Lee SN, The effect of exercise desinged for the aging on health promotion in the rural elderly, Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Yonsei University 1991.

9.
Jessup JV, Horne C, Vishen RK, Wheeler D. Effects of exercise on bone density, balance, and self-efficacy in older women. Biol Res Nurs 2003; 4(3): 171-180. crossref(new window)

10.
Fatouros IG, Taxildaris K, Tokmakidis SP, Kalapotharakos V, Aggelousis N, Athanasopoulos S, Zeeris I, Katrabasas I. The effects of strength training, cardiovascular training and their combination on flexibility of inactive older adults. Int J Sports Med 2002; 23(2): 112-119. crossref(new window)

11.
Shin YH, Choi YH. The effect of walking exercise program on cardiorespiratory function and flexibility in elderly women. Kor Soc Nur Sci 1996; 26(2): 372-386.

12.
Sun WD, Lee SH, Park JS, Bae SS, Cho YH. Analysis of the effects of muscle strength exercise on physical function and quality of life in the frail elderly. J Kore Soc Heal Educa Promot 2008; 25(1); 39-53.

13.
Lee YY, Chan MF, Mok E. Effectiveness of music intervention on the quality of life of older people. J Adv Nurs 2010; 66(12): 2677-2687. crossref(new window)

14.
Silverman MJ. The effect of pitch, rhythm, and familiarity on working memory and anxiety as measured by digit recall performance. J Music Ther 2010; 47(1): 70-83. crossref(new window)

15.
Sherratt K, Thornton A, Hatton C. Music interventions for people with dementia: a review of the literature. Aging Ment Health 2004; 8(1): 3-12. crossref(new window)

16.
Lee JW. Effect of ankle strategy exercise on improvement of balance in elderly with impaired balance. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Yonsei University 2007.

17.
Podsiadlo D, Richardson S. The timed "Up & Go": a test of basic functional mobility for frail elderly persons. J Am Geriatr Soc 1991; 39(2): 142-148. crossref(new window)

18.
Berg KO, Wood-Dauphinee SL, Williams JI, Maki B. Measuring balance in the elderly: validation of an instrument. Can J Public Health 1992; 83 Suppl 2: S7-11.

19.
Bogle Thorbahn LD, Newton RA. Use of the Berg Balance Test to predict falls in elderly persons. Phys Ther 1996; 76(6): 576-583.

20.
Shumway-Cook A, Woollacott M, Kerns KA, Baldwin. The effects of two types of cognitive tasks on postural stability in older adults with and without a history of falls. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 1997; 52(4): M232-240.

21.
Munro S, Mount B. Music therapy in palliative care. Can Med Assoc J 1978; 119(9): 1029-1034.

22.
McCraty R, Barrios-Choplin B, Atkinson M, Tomasino D. The effects of differenttypes of music on mood, tension, and mental clarity. Altern Ther Health Med 1998; 4(1): 75-84.

23.
Scartelli JP. The Effect of Sedative Music on Electromyographic Biofeedback Assisted Relaxation Training of Spastic Cerebral Palsied Adults. J Music Ther 1982; 21: 67-78.

24.
Iwaki T, Iwanaga M, Ikeda M. Effect of repetitive exposure of music on subject and physiology responses. J Music Ther 1996; 33: 219-230. crossref(new window)

25.
Hammer SE. The effect of guided imagery through music on state and trait anxiety. J Music Ther 1996; 33: 47-30. crossref(new window)

26.
Davies CT, Few JD. Effects of exercise on adrenocortical function. J Appl Physiol 1973; 35(6): 887-891.

27.
Park HO. Structure of the Music Therapy and its Substantiality Research. J smeieccu 2000; 3(1): 151-183

28.
Pajala S, Era P, Koskenvuo M, Kaprio J, Tolvanen A, Heikkinen E, Tiainen K, Rantanen T. Contribution of genetic and environmental effects to postural balance in older female twins. J Appl Physiol 2004;96(1): 308-315.

29.
Shigematsu R, Chang M, Yabushita N, Sakai T, Nakagaichi M, Nho H, Tanaka K. Dance-based aerobic exercise may improve indices of falling risk in older women. Age Ageing 2002; 31(4): 261-266. crossref(new window)

30.
Kim TH, Choi HS. Effects of 4 weeks bridging stabilization exercise using swiss ball and whole body vibration on balance and gait function in elderly women. Kor Res Soc Phys Ther 2011; 18(3): 49-58.

31.
Englund U, Littbrand H, Sondell A, Pettersson U, Bucht G. A 1-year combined weight-bearing training program is beneficial for bone mineral density and neuromuscular function in older women. Osteoporos Int 2005; 16(9): 1117-1123. crossref(new window)