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Bacterial Phosphate Homeostasis: Role of Phosphate Transporters
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  • Journal title : The Korean Journal of Microbiology
  • Volume 48, Issue 2,  2012, pp.57-65
  • Publisher : The Microbiological Society of Korea
  • DOI : 10.7845/kjm.2012.48.2.057
 Title & Authors
Bacterial Phosphate Homeostasis: Role of Phosphate Transporters
Park, Yoon-Mee; Bang, Iel-Soo;
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Phosphorous is an essential element for the synthesis of various biomolecules including phospholipids, carbohydrates and nucleic acids. Bacterial cells can uptake it as forms of phosphate and phosphate-containing nutrients from extracellular environments, and reserve extra phosphate to polyphosphate inside the cell. Among five phosphate transport systems, Pst plays central roles in phosphate transport, and its expression is coordinated by the regulation of PhoB-PhoR two component signal transduction system in response to extracellular levels of phosphate. Genomic studies on the response regulator PhoB reveal many genes independent of phosphate metabolism. Based on recent findings on phenotypes of bacteria lacking proper function of each phosphate transport system, this review discusses roles of phosphate transporters in maintaining optimum intracellular phosphate levels, and presents diverse phenotypes of phosphate transporters related with other environmental signals as well as phosphate, then finally points out functional redundancy among phosphate transport systems or their regulators, which emphasize importance of phosphate homeostasis in governing metabolism, adaptation, and virulence of bacteria.
PhoB;phosphate homeostasis;phosphate transporter;phosphorous;Pst system;
 Cited by
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