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Isolation of marine algicidal bacteria from surface seawater and sediment samples associated with harmful algal blooms in Korea
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 Title & Authors
Isolation of marine algicidal bacteria from surface seawater and sediment samples associated with harmful algal blooms in Korea
Kristyanto, Sylvia; Kim, Jaisoo;
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 Abstract
This study mainly focused on isolation of marine algicidal bacteria associated with phytoplankton blooms and characterization of algicidal activity against harmful algae. Harmful algal blooms (HABs) found naturally in surface waters have caused many environmental problems worldwide. In this study, forty bacterial strains that have capability of inhibiting harmful algal growth were isolated from Masan Bay, Jinhae Bay, Dol Island, Jangmok Bay, and the Tongyeong Sea, Republic of Korea. The bacteria were screened furthermore for the characteristics on algicidal activities against Cochlodinium polykrikoides, Chattonella marina, Skeletonema costatum, Heterosigma akashiwo, Heterocapsa triquetra, Prorocentrum minimum, and Scrippsiella trochoidea. As a result, the algicidal bacteria that were screened from double over layer agar and microscopic counts tests belonged to genera Pseudomonas, Vibrio, Bacillus, Pseudoalteromonas, Ruegeria, Joostella, Marinomonas, Stakelama, Porphyrobacter, and Albirhodobacter. One of the most important HAB species is Co. polykrikoides and the strongest algicidal activity against the dinoflagellate was 94.00% after 6 h treatment with 10% bacterial culture filtrate. In this study, Marinomonas sp. M Jin 1-8, Stakelama sp. ZB Yeonmyeong 1-11 & 1-13, Porphyrobacter sp. M Yeonmyeong 2-22, and Albirhodobacter sp. 6-R Jin 6-1 were found to be as new genera of bacteria having anti-algal activity. These results suggest that these bacteria might play an important role in controlling phytoplankton blooms.
 Keywords
Albirhodobacter;Cochlodinium polykrikoides;Marinomonas;Porphyrobacter;Stakelama;algicidal bacteria;harmful algal blooms;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
Characterization of Marinomonas algicida sp. nov., a novel algicidal marine bacterium isolated from seawater, International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 2017, 67, 11, 4777  crossref(new windwow)
2.
Stakelama algicida sp. nov., novel algicidal species of the family Sphingomonadaceae isolated from seawater, International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 2018, 68, 1, 317  crossref(new windwow)
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