Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Monitoring and Safety Assessment of Pesticide Residues in Ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer) from Traditional Markets
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Monitoring and Safety Assessment of Pesticide Residues in Ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer) from Traditional Markets
Noh, Hyun Ho; Lee, Jae Yun; Park, Hyo Kyoung; Jeong, Hye Rim; Lee, Jeong Woo; Jin, Me Jee; Choi, Hwang; Yun, Sang Soon; Kyung, Kee Sung;
  PDF(new window)
This study was carried out to survey residual characteristics of pesticide in fresh ginsengs collected from 45 markets at 15 regions in Korea using multiresidue analysis with a GC-MS/MS and an LC-MS/MS. After residue analysis was performed, the pesticides detected from ginsengs were quantitated using their analytical methods validated by recovery tests with a GC-ECD/NPD. As a results of analysis of pesticide residue, cypermethrin, fenitrothion, fludioxonil, thifluzamide, and tolclofos-methyl were detected from 16 samples among 45 samples in total, indicating detection rate was 35.6%. Tolclofos-methyl was found to be highest in detection frequency in ginseng. Fenitrothion that has not established maximum residue limit and pre-harvest interval for ginseng was detected. The amounts of all pesticides detected were less than their MRLs. Ratios of estimated daily intakes to acceptable daily intakes of the detected pesticides in ginseng were found to be from 0.03 to 16.67%.
Ginseng;multiresidue analysis;pesticide residue;monitoring;ADI;
 Cited by
Abdullah, M., O. Sarnthoy and S. Jiwajinda (2001) Cypermethrin insecticide residues in vegetable soybean, Glycine max (L.) merrill, at different days of pre-harvest interval, Kasetsart J. Nat. Sci. 35:115-121.

Cho, T. H., Y. H. Park, H. W. Park, L. H. Hwang, I. S. Cho. M. J. Kim, H. J. Kim, M. S. Kim and Y. Z. Chae (2013) Evaluation of QuEChERS method for determination of pesticide residues using GC/NPD and GC/ECD, Korean J. Pestic. Sci. 17(1):65-71. crossref(new window)

Choi, D. S. (2010) Development and monitoring of simultaneous analysis for the multiresidual pesticides in ginseng using QuEChERS sample preparation method, Dongguk University Master's Degree Thesis.

Darko, F. and S. O. Acquaah (2008) Levels of organochlorine pesticides residues in dairy product in Kumasi, Ghana, Chemosphere 71:294-298. crossref(new window)

Diange, R. D., G. D. Forester and S. U. Khan (2002) Comparsion of soxhlet and microwave-assisted extractions for the determination of fenitrothion residues in beans, J. Agraic. Food Chem. 50:3204-3207. crossref(new window)

Do, J. A., H. J. Lee, Y. W. Shin, W. J. Choi, K. R. Chae, K. C. Soon and W. S. Kim (2010) Monitoring of pesticide residues in domestic agricultural products, J. Korean Soc. Food Sci. Nutr. 39(6):902-908. crossref(new window)

Han, S. H., S. K. Park, O. H. Kim, Y. H. Choi, H. J. Seong, Y. J. Lee, J. H. Jung, Y. H. Kim, I. S. Yu, Y. K. Kim, K. Y. Han and Y. Z. Chae (2012) Monitoring of pesticide residues in commercial agricultural products in the northern area of Seoul, Korea, Korean J. Pestic, Sci. 16(2):109-120. crossref(new window)

Hwang, J. I., Y. H. Jeon, H. Y. Kim, J. H. Kim, J. W. Ahn, K. S. Kim, Y. M. Yu and J. E. Kim (2011) Residue of fungicide boscalid in ginseng treated by different spraying methods, Korean J. Pestic. Sci. 15(4):366-373.

Ju, O. J., H. Y. Kwon, B. J. Park, C. S. Kim, Y. D. Jin, J. B. Lee, S. H. Yun, K. A. Son, S. M. Homg and G. J. Im (2011) Analysis of 236 pesticides in apple for validation of multiresidue method using QuEChERS sample preparation and PTV-GC/TOFMS analysis, Korean J. Pestic. Sci. 15(4): 401-416.

Kim, M. O., H. S. Hwang, M. S. Lim, J. E. Hong, S. S. Kim, J. A. Do, D. M. Choi and D. H. Cho (2010) Monitoring of residual pesticides in agricultural products by LC/MS/MS, Korean J. Food Sci. Technol. 42(6):664-675.

Kim, M. R., M. A. Ma, W. Y. Jung, C. S. Kim, N, K, Sun, E. C. Seo, M. E. Lee, Y. G. Park, J. A. Byun, J. H. Eom, R. S. Jung and J. H. Lee (2008) Monitoring of pesticide residues in special products, Korean J. Pestic. Sci. 12(4):323-334.

Kim, N. K., S. H. Lee, Y. J. Nam, K. M. Moon, M. H. Park, M. H. Park, M. H. Yun, M. Y. Kim, H. M. Jang and B. S. Shin (2011) Monitoring of neonicotinoid pesticide residues in paprika using UPLC-MS/MS from Gyeongnam region, Korean J. Pestic. Sci. 15(1):15-21.

Klittich, C. J., F. R. Green, J. M. Ruiz, T. Weglarz and B. A Blakeslee (2008) Assessment of fungicide systemicity in wheat using LC-MS/MS, Pest. Manag. Sci. 64:1267-1277.

Kwon, H. Y., C. S. Kim, B. J. Park, Y. D. Jin, K. A. Son, S. M. Hong, J. B. Lee and G. J. Im (2011) Multiresidue analysis of 240 pesticides in apple and lettuce by QuEChERS sample preparation and HPLC-MS/MS analysis, J. Pest. Sci. 15(4): 417-433.

Lee, H. M., S. J. Hu, H. S. Lee, S. Y. Park, N. S. Kim, Y. W. Shin, K. H. Choi, S. I. Kim, S. Y. Nam and D. H. Cho (2013) Evaluation of residual pesticides in commercial agricultural products using LC-MC/MC in Korea, Korean. J. Food. Sci. Technol. 45(4):391-402. crossref(new window)

Lee. J. Y., H. H. Noh, H. K. Park, J. C. Kim, H. R. Jeong, M. J. Jin and K. S. Kyung (2015) Residual characteristics and behavior of azoxystrobin in ginseng by cultivation conditions, Korean J. Pestic. Sci. 19(1):14-21. crossref(new window)

Lee, K. W. and E. K. Jo (2012) Multiresidue pesticide analysis in Korean ginseng by gas chromatography-triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry, Food Chemistry 134:2497-2503. crossref(new window)

National Agricultural Products Quality Management Service (NAQS) (2009) 2008 Annual Report for Quality Management of Agricultural Products p.11.

National Agricultural Products Quality Management Service (NAQS) (2010) 2009 Annual Report for Quality Management of Agricultural Products pp.28-40.

National Agricultural Products Quality Management Service (NAQS) (2012) 2011 Annual Report for Quality Management of Agricultural Products p.27-48.

National Agricultural Products Quality Management Service (NAQS) (2014) 2013 Annual Report for Quality Management of Agricultural Products, pp.27-46.

Noh, H. H., J. Y. Lee, S. H. Park, K. H. Lee, H. K. Park, J. H. Oh, C. H. Kwon, J. K. Lee, H. D. Woo, K. S. Kwon and K. S. Kyung (2012) Residual characteristics of tolclofosmethyl treated by seed dressing in ginseng, Korean J. Pestic. Sci. 16(3):217-221. crossref(new window)

Sarikaya, R., M. Selvi and F. Erkoc (2004) Investigation of acute toxixity of fenitrothion on peppered corydoras (Corydoras paleatus) (Jenyns, 1842), Chemosphere 56:697-700. crossref(new window)

Yu, Y. H., D. H. Cho and S. H. Ohh (1989) Effect of tolclofosmethly on damping-off of ginseng seedlings incited by Rhizoctonia solani, Korean J. Ginseng Sci. 13(1):114-118.

Zawiyah, S., Y. C. Man, S. A. H. Nazimah, C. K. Chin, I. Tsukamoto, A. H. Hamanyza and I. Norhaizan (2007) Determination of organochlorine and pyrethroid pesticides in fruit and vegetables using SAX/PSA clean-up column, Food Chemistry 102:98-103. crossref(new window)