A Design and Operation of EPBM Applied in Fort Canning Boulder Bed of Singapore Kim, Uk Young; Noh, Seung Hwan; Noh, Sang Rim;
This paper introduces the design and operational considerations for TBM tunneling in boulder bed which poses significant problems in terms of advance rate and machine wear. Managing these problems is difficult since normal soil investigation techniques do not accurately predict the presence and frequency of boulders. This has leads to considerable extra costs and delays during construction. In this paper, EPBM design and operational parameters, cutter wear characteristics and soil conditioning method in soft ground condition were studied and key successes were highlighted for future projects in similar ground condition.
Tunneling in boulder bed;EPBM design;Cutter wear;Soil conditioning;