Analytical Surge Behaviors in Systems of a Single-stage Axial Flow Compressor and Flow-paths

- Journal title : International Journal of Fluid Machinery and Systems
- Volume 9, Issue 1, 2016, pp.1-16
- Publisher : Korean Fluid Machinery Association
- DOI : 10.5293/IJFMS.2016.9.1.001

Title & Authors

Analytical Surge Behaviors in Systems of a Single-stage Axial Flow Compressor and Flow-paths

Yamaguchi, Nobuyuki;

Yamaguchi, Nobuyuki;

Abstract

Behaviors of surges appearing near the stall stagnation boundaries in various fashions in systems of a single-stage compressor and flow-path systems were studied analytically and were tried to put to order. Deep surges, which enclose the stall point in the pressure-mass flow plane, tend to have either near-resonant surge frequencies or subharmonic ones. The subharmonic surge is a multiple-loop one containing, for example, in a (1/2) subharmonic one, a deep surge loop and a mild surge loop, the latter of which does not enclose the stall point, staying only within the stalled zone. Both loops have nearly equal time periods, respectively, resulting in a (1/2) subharmonic surge frequency as a whole. The subharmonic surges are found to appear in a narrow zone neighboring the stall stagnation boundary. In other words, they tend to appear in the final stage of the stall stagnation process. It should be emphasized further that the stall stagnation initiates fundamentally at the situation where a volume-modified reduced resonant-surge frequency becomes coincident with that for the stagnation boundary conditions, where the reduced frequency is defined by the acoustical resonance frequency in the flow-path system, the delivery flow-path length and the compressor tip speed, modified by the sectional area ratio and the effect of the stalling pressure ratio. The real surge frequency turns from the resonant frequency to either near-resonant one or subharmonic one, and finally to stagnation condition, for the large-amplitude conditions, caused by the non-linear self-excitation mechanism of the surge.

Keywords

Fluid Machine;Axial Flow Compressor;Surge;Analytical Simulation;Frequency;Fluid Dynamics;

Language

English

References

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