The Development and Validation of a Scale to Measure the Mathematical Interaction of Young Children's Parents

• Journal title : Korean Journal of Child Studies
• Volume 36, Issue 5,  2015, pp.95-113
• Publisher : Korean Association of Child Studies
• DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.5.95
Title & Authors
The Development and Validation of a Scale to Measure the Mathematical Interaction of Young Children's Parents
Kim, Jihyun;

Abstract
This study aimed to develop and validate a scale which could be used to evaluate mathematical interactions of parents with their young children. The subjects comprised 408 mothers of 4-6-year-old children. Means, standard deviation, $\small{x^2}$, Cramer's V, exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, Pearson correlations, and Cronbach's $\small{{\alpha}}$ were calculated. First, 49 items were developed through a review of relevant research, parent interviews, confirmation of item adequacy and content validity. These items were then edited down to a final list of 24 items representing 4 factors identified by exploratory factor analysis. Second, this 24-item. 4-factor scale was shown to have adequate construct validity, norm validity, and reliability by confirmatory factor analysis, Pearson correlation analysis, Cronbach's $\small{{\alpha}}$. In conclusion, the final mathematical interaction scale for young children's parents was composed of 24 items with 4 factors: "interaction regarding numbers and operations, measurements, and patterns", "interaction regarding data collection and result presentation", "interaction with picture books", and "interaction regarding shapes and figures"
Keywords
mathematical interaction;young children;parents;development of a scale;validation;
Language
Korean
Cited by
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