JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Differences in the Multicultural Perceptions of Elementary School Students and the Relationships between the Related Variables
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Korean Journal of Child Studies
  • Volume 36, Issue 6,  2015, pp.23-38
  • Publisher : Korean Association of Child Studies
  • DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.6.23
 Title & Authors
Differences in the Multicultural Perceptions of Elementary School Students and the Relationships between the Related Variables
Lee, Soo-Jae; Chae, Jin-Young;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare the multicultural perceptions (multicultural acceptability, multicultural sensitivity and judging multicultural children) of elementary school students. The subjects comprised 1,252 students (583 third graders and 669 sixth graders), promoted from 20 elementary school in J province. The findings are as follows. First, the independent t-test showed that the lower graders had higher scores in cultural openness and national identity of multicultural acceptability, as well as the cognitive element of multicultural sensitivity than upper graders. In addition, the upper graders had higher scores in unilateral expectations for assimilation of multicultural acceptability, as well as the cognitive element of judging multicultural children. Second, all subscales were found to be interrelated, except for unilateral expectations for assimilation and two subscales (cognitive and righteous) in judging multicultural children. These results imply that in order to help have more positive perceptions of multiculturalism, it is necessary to develop more diverse multicultural education programs for elementary school students which take into consideration their grade levels.
 Keywords
multicultural perceptions;multicultural acceptability;multicultural sensitivity;judging;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
1.
Aboud, F. E., Mendelson, M. J., & Purdy, K. T. (2003). Cross-race peer relations and friendship quality. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 27(2), 165-173. crossref(new window)

2.
An, J. A. (2013). The effects of a multicultural thematic learning program on multicultural acceptability: Focusing on the integrated curriculum in the lower grades of elementary dchools. Unpublished master's thesis, Busan National University, Busan, Korea.

3.
Banks, J. A. (2008). Introduction of Multicultural Education(4th Ed.). (G. H. Mo, & C. O. Choi, & M. J. Kim, Trans.) New York: Pearson. (Original work published, 2007)

4.
Barrett, M. D. & Buchanan-Barrow, E. (2005). Children's understanding of society studies in developmental psychology. London: Routledge.

5.
Bennett, C. I. (1990). Comprehensive multicultural education: Theory and practice(2nd ed.). Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.

6.
Chen, G. M., & Starosta, W. J. (1996). Intercultural communication competence: A synthesis. Communication Yearbook, 19(1), 353-384.

7.
Chen, G., & Starosta, W. (2000). The development and validation of the intercultural sensitivity scale. Paper presented at the 86th annual meeting of the National Communication Association, Seattle, WA.

8.
Cho, B. H. (2012). Child development. Paju: Kyoyook Book.

9.
Cho, Y. D., Park, Y. K., Sung, K. H., Lee, S. Y., & Park, H. N. (2010). The actual conditions of the multicultural education in elementary and secondary schools. Theory and Research in Citizenship Education, 42(1), 151-184.

10.
Cho, H. Y., Yang, G. M., & Kim, S. K. (2011). Developing education program for understanding multiculturalism: Basic Study. Seoul: Ministry of Gender Equality & Family.

11.
Choi, S. B. (2010). The analysis of school life adaptation on the students in multicultural families. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea.

12.
Chun, G. J. (2014). A study on development and implementation of reflective multi-cultural education program: Focusing on the upper grades of elementary school. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Konkuk University, Seoul, Korea.

13.
Davis, S. L., & Finney, S. J. (2006). A factor analytic study of the cross-cultural adaptability inventory. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 66(2), 318-330. crossref(new window)

14.
Elison, C. G., & Powers, D. A. (1994). The contact hypothesis and racial attitudes among Black Americans. Social Science Quarterly, 75(2), 385-400.

15.
Geum, M. J., Lee, Y. S., Kim, S. R., Son, J. H., & Lee, H. S. (2006). Youth in multicultural families. National Youth Commission. Seoul: Korea Youth Counselling Institute.

16.
Ha, K. A. (2010). The purpose of the study is to provide the basics of the effective multicultural education by analyzing elementary school students' cultural diversity attitude and factors that influencing their attitude. Unpublished masters' thesis, Ewah Women's University, Seoul, Korea.

17.
Hwang, G. J. (2013). A critical analysis on the multicultural education in Korea on the basis of multicultural educational theories. Research in Social Studies Education, 18(4), 151-167.

18.
Hwang, J. M. (2010). Multicultural education without multicultural citizen: An analysis of policy agenda for multicultural education in Korea. Discourse 201, 13(2), 93-123.

19.
Hwang, J. M. (2012). The factors affection ordinary children's sense of social disrance from rhose in multi-cultural family. Modern Society & Multiculturalism, 2(1), 174-210.

20.
Im, C. J. (2010). Psychology of understanding and utilization. Paju, Kyounggi-do: Hyungseul Publishing Networks.

21.
Kim, B. S., Kim, H. H., & Jung, M. H. (2010). Easy multicultural education. Seoul: Yangseowon.

22.
Kim, I. (2009). A state and orientation of multicultural education on the primary schools. The Journal of Elementary Education, 22(1), 23-42.

23.
Kim, M. S. (2014). A study on multicultural acceptability of elementary school students. Unpublished master's thesis, Seoul National University of Education, Seoul, Korea.

24.
Kim, Y. H. (2007). Diversification in Korea and cultural competence in social welfare. Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies, 35, 117-144.

25.
Lee, J. Y. (2013). A study on multicultural acceptability of middle school students. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.

26.
Lee, S. J., Song, Y. M., & Kim, M. S. (2011). Type of a stereotype and a prejudice of elementary school students to the multicultural family children: Centered on the process of recognition. Korean Journal of Social Welfare Research, 29, 1-27.

27.
Min, M. S., An, S. S., Kim, E. S., Kim, K. M., Ryu. J. A., & Cho, Y. K. (2010). Korean multiculturalism acceptability inventory. Seoul: Social Integration Commiittee.

28.
Ministry of Education (2014a). Multicultural education student support enhanced. Retrieved from http://www.moe.go.kr/web/100026/ko/board/view.do?bbsId=294&pageSize=10&curretPage=0&encodeYn=N&boardSeq=58056&mode=view

29.
Ministry of Education (2014b). Plan for promoting multicultural education. Retrieved from http://www.moe.go.kr/web/100026/ko/board/view.do?bbsId=294&pageSize=10&curretPage=0&encodeYn=N&boardSeq=52944&mode=view

30.
Oh, S. B. (2006). The implication of the 'Kosian' case for the multicultural education in Korea. Korean Journal of Sociology of Education, 16(4), 137-157.

31.
Oh, S. B. (2007). A study of the instance of opportunities of education and its alternative policy for ethnic minorities' children born in intermarriage homes. Journal of Human Studies, 12, 1-15.

32.
Park, K. R. (2010). A study on the factors school life adjustment of children in multicultural families. Unpublished master's thesis, Yeungnam University, Daegu, Korea.

33.
Rainbow Youth Center (2013). Promoting multicultural sensitivity study development program for young people. Seoul: RYC.

34.
Seo, J. H. (2009). Impact of self-concept and social support on school: Adjustment of children from multicultural families. Unpublished master's thesis, Dong-A University, Busan, Korea.

35.
Sercu, L. (2004). Assessing intercultural competence: A framework for systematic test development in foreign language education and beyond. Intercultural Education, 15(1), 73-90. crossref(new window)

36.
Song, Y. H. (2009). Korean's national identity and multicultural acceptability. Unpublished master's thesis, Korea University, Seoul, Korea.

37.
Yang, G. M., Jeong, J. K., & Kang, Y. W. (2008). A study for revitalization of multicultural education for adolescents for social integration. Seoul: National Youth Policy Institute.

38.
Yoo, N. Y. (2009). Study on social distance on youth of multicultural families: Based on general youth in Gimpo city. Unpublished master's thesis, Sangmyung University, Seoul, Korea.

39.
Yun, I. J., & Song, Y. H. (2009). South Koreans' perception of national identity and acceptance of multiculturalism. The Korean Journal of Unification Affairs, 23(1), 143-192.