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North Korean Refugee Children`s Separation Experiences and Level of Attachment
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  • Journal title : Korean Journal of Child Studies
  • Volume 37, Issue 1,  2016, pp.17-36
  • Publisher : Korean Association of Child Studies
  • DOI : 10.5723/kjcs.2016.37.1.17
 Title & Authors
North Korean Refugee Children`s Separation Experiences and Level of Attachment
Kim, Heuijeong; Yi, Soonhyung;
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Objective: Taking note of the fact that North Korean refugee children experience frequent separation from their mothers and long-term maternal deprivation during their childhood, this study examined the relationship between children`s separation experiences and attachment. Methods: A total of 37 children aged from 5 to 9 were assessed on their attachment using the Separation Anxiety Test, and their mothers reported on their child`s separation experiences. Results and Conclusion: The major findings of this study were as follows: first, the result of evaluating their attachment pattern showed North Korean refugee children had a high level of insecure attachment with a high tendency for avoidant attachment. This avoidant attachment tendency is probably due to growing up in a repressed emotional environment by frequently experiencing maternal separation in North Korea, China, and even after settling down in South Korea. Second, children`s secure attachment level was higher if they did not experience separation from their mother, if their mother had a high level of education in South Korea, or if they lived with a big family.
North Korean refugee children;Separation experiences;Attachment issues;
 Cited by
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