Abidin, R. R. (1990). Introduction to the special issue: The stresses of parenting. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 19(4), 298-301.doi:10.1207/s15374424jccp1904_1
Abidin, R. R. (1995). Parenting Stress Index (PSI): Professional manual (3rd ed.). Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resource, Inc.
Ahn, H. J. (2005). The development and the effect of parent education program for parent efficacy and family cohesion (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Hongik University, Seoul, Korea.
Ahn, J. Y. (2000). The effects of maternal parental beliefs, efficacy and stress on mother's parenting behaviors (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea.
Barlow, J., & Stewart-Brown, S. (2000). Behavior problem and group-based parent education programs. Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 21(5), 356-370.
Bigner, J. J., & Gerhardt, C. J. (2013). Parent-child relations: An introduction to parenting (9th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson.
Carter, A., & Briggs-Gowan, M. (2000). Infant Toddler Social and Emotional Assessment (ITSEA) manual. Unpublished manuscript, Connetiect Easrly Development Project, Yale University, New Haven, CT.
Cho, K. J. (2010). Study on the effect of parent education (Unpublished master's thesis). Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Korea.
Cho, Y. G., & Kim, S. W. (2006). A study on the development and effect of parent education program of elementary school. Journal of Educational Evaluation, 19(2), 67-88.
Choi, D. S. (2009). The effects of STEP parent education program in upon mother's rearing attitudes & behaviors of infant (Unpublished master's thesis). Dongguk University, Seoul, Korea.
Choi, H. S. (2002). The effects of self-expression training on girls' high school students' self-esteem and peer relations (Unpublished master's thesis). Mokpo National University, Mokpo, Jeonnam, Korea.
Chung, M. R., Park, S. K., Kwon, J. Y., & Yee, B. S. (2012). The effect of toddler-parent program model based on the brain development theory for toddler development and parent interaction. Korean Journal of Early Childhood Education, 32(6), 467-488.
Coleman, P. K., & Karraker, K. H. (1998). Self-efficacy and parenting quality: Finding and future applications. Developmental Review, 18(1), 47-85. doi:10.1006/drev.1997.0448
Crnic, K. A., & Greenberg, M. T. (1990). Minor parenting stresses with young children. Child Development, 61(5), 1628-1637. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8624.1990. tb02889.x
DeGarmo, D. S., & Forgatch, M. S. (2005). Early development of delinquency within divorced families: Evaluating a randomized preventive intervention trial. Developmental Science, 8(3), 229-239. doi:10.1111/j.1467-7687.2005.00412.x
Dekovic, M., & Janssens, J. M. (1992). Parents' child-rearing style and child's sociometric status. Developmental Psychology, 28(5), 925-932. doi:10.1037/0012-1622.214.171.1245
Dinkmeyer, D., & Mckay, G. D. (1976). Systematic training for effective parenting: Leader's manual. Cirde Pines, MN: American Guidance Service.
Doh, H. S. (1994). Social competence of kindergartners and sixth graders: its relationships to parental attention, parental protectiveness, the children's sex, and their birth category (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea.
Doh, H. S. (2012). The first parenting book. Seoul: Knowledge Channel.
Doh, H. S., Kim, M. J., Shin, N., Park, B. K., & Choi, M. K. (2013). The effectiveness of a parent education program for preventing preschoolers' problem behavior: Based on respected parents & respected children. Korean Journal of Child Studies, 34(3), 151-177. doi:10.5723/KJCS.2013.34.3.151
Doh, H. S., Kwon, J. I., Park, B. K., Hong, S. H., Hong, J. Y., & Hwang, Y. E. (2003). The development of intervention programs based on characteristics of children victimized by peers: Focus on parent education and social skills training programs. Korean Journal of Child Studies, 24(4), 103-121.
Doh, H. S., Lee, H. S., Kim, S. H., Choi, M. K., Lee, S. R., & Kim, S. W. (2011). Human Development and The Family. Paiu, Gyeonggi: Kyomunsa.
Doh, H. S., Lee, S. H., Oh, Y. L., Kim, K. M., Choi, K. R., & Kang, N. H. (2009). Parent education for mothers of toddlers: trends in need knowledge level related to parenting efficacy and parenting stress. The Korean Journal of Child Studies, 30(3), 127-143.
Doh, H. S., Park, S. Y., Rhee, S. H., Oh, Y. L., Choi, K. R., Kim, K. M., & Kang, N. H. (2008). A study on the demand for parent education program. Poster presented at the workshop of Korean Association of Child Studies Workshop Presentation, Seoul, Korea.
Doh, H. S., & Yoo, M. H. (1996). The development and practical application of a pilot parent education program. Korean Journal of Child Studies, 17(1), 39-55.
Driessen, G. W. J. M. (2003). Family and child characteristics child-rearing factors, and cognitive competence of young children. Early Child Development and Care, 173(2-3), 323-339. doi:10.1080/03004430303102
Erikson, E. (1950). Childhood and Society. New York, NY: Norton.
First, J. A., & Way, W. L. (1995). Parent education outcomes: Insights into transformative learning. Family Relations, 44(1), 104-109. doi:10.2307/584747
Gibaud-Wallston, J., & Wandersman, L. P. (1978). Development and utility of the parenting sense of competence scale. Paper presented at the meeting of the American Psychological Association, Toronto, Canada.
Go, N. H. (2009). Effects of transactional analysis-utilized parent education program on mother-child communication, parenting efficacy and parenting stress (Unpublished master's thesis). Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
Gordon, T. (1975). P.E.T. parent effectiveness training. New York, NY: Plume Books.
Gross, D., Conrad, B., Fogg, L., & Wothke, W. (1994). A longitudinal model of maternal self-efficacy, depression and difficult temperament during toddlerhood. Research in Nursing and Health, 17(3), 207-215. doi:10.1002/nur.4770170308
Han, Y. H. (2007). Analysis of research tendencies of degree theses related to parent education for the parents with preschool children: Focused on the period between 1996 and 2005 (Unpublished master's thesis). Pusan National University, Pusan, Korea.
Hwang, K. R. (2005). (The) Effectiveness of parents education program using enneagram on the parent's rearing attitude. The Korean Society for Enneagram, 2(2), 91-122.
Jang, S. A., & Yu, Y. O. (2008). The effects of active parenting programs on mother's parenting efficacy and rearing stress. The Journal Child Education, 17(3), 187-202.
Johnston, C., & Mash, E. J. (1989). A measure of parenting satisfaction and efficacy. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 18(2), 167-175. doi:10.1207/s15374424jccp1802_8
Jung, Y. J., & Kim, Y. J. (2014). The effects of NLP counseling program on parenting stress, psychological well-being, and parenting attitude among mothers: The case of those with preschooler or school-aged children. Korean Journal of Health Psychology, 19(2), 485-511.
Kagan, J., Snidman, N., Arcus, D., & Reznick, J. S. (1994). Galen's prophecy: Temperament in human nature. New York, NY: Basic Books.
Kim, E. S. (2012). The impact of the parent-role education on rearing attitude and self-efficacy of parents with young children (Unpublished master's thesis). Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Korea.
Kim, H. J. (2007). The effect of parents education with P.E.T. and reality therapy on the changes in parent's of upbringing and communication between parents and children. Korean Journal of Parent Education, 4(2), 95-121.
Kim, H. M., & Doh, H. S. (2004). Maternal parenting stress, efficacy and behavior: Relations to children's social competence. Korean Journal of Child Studies, 25(6), 279-298.
Kim, J. (2005). The effectiveness of the counseling-utilized parent education for mothers (CUPEM) (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
Kim, J. E., Doh, H. S., Kim, M. J., & Kim, J. H. (2013). The influences of parental attachment on social competence of school-aged children: The mediating role of empathy. Korean Journal of Child Studies, 34(3), 129-150. doi: dx.org/10.4723/KJCS.2013.34.3.129
Kim, J. O., & Goo, H. S. (2007). The development and the effect of parent education program on maternal child-rearing attitude. Journal of Korean Home Management Association, 25(1), 113-125.
Kim, J. Y. (2013). The effects of the APN parent coaching program on 1 and 2 year-old toddlers mother's self-esteem, parental efficacy and parental practices (Unpublished master's thesis). Kyungnam University, Changwon, Gyeongnam, Korea.
Kim, M. J. (2008). Development and effects of intervention program for aggressive young children: Focus on social skills training program and parent education (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea.
Kim, M. J., Doh, H. S., Hong, J. S., & Choi, M. K. (2011). Social skills training and parent education programs for aggressive preschoolers and their parents in South Korea. Children and Youth Services Review, 33(6), 838-845.
Kim, M. J., Doh, H. S., Shin, N., Kim, S. J., Song, S. M., Shin, J. H., & Kang, H. (2015). The effectiveness of the respected parents & respected children parent education program for mothers of early school-age children. Korean Journal of Child Studies, 36(3), 35-57. doi:10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.3.35
Kim, M. J., & Lee, K. N. (2011). Effects of infants' and toddlers' temperament and mothers' parenting self-efficacy on parenting behavior. Journal of Korean Child Care and Education, 7(4), 253-271.
Kim, S. U. (2015). Analysis of changes and effects on parenting caused by pre-school daycare's parenting education programs. Counseling Psychology Education Welfare, 2(2), 1-11.
Kim, Y. O., & Park, S. Y. (2011). The development of parent education program enhancing positive interactions between mother and toddler in play class. Korean Journal of Child Studies, 32(1), 71-85.
Kim, Y. Y. (2014). The association between infant's problem behavior and self-efficacy: Focusing on the mediating effects of self-regulation. Journal of Early Childhood Education & Educare Welfare, 18(1), 136-153.
Koh, K. M., & Shim, S. K. (2015). A study of mothers' parenting efficacy and mother-young child communication in relation with the PSWS program. Journal of Parent Education, 7(3), 83-106.
Larzelere, R. E., Amberson, T. G., & Martin, J. A. (1992). Age differences in perceived discipline problem from 9 to 48 months. Family Relations, 41(2), 192-199. doi: 10.2307/584832
Lee, B. Y. (2012). Relations among parenting self-efficacy, parenting behaviors and a child's creative tendency. Korean Journal of Child Education and Care, 12(4), 115-132.
Lee, J. J., & Lee, J. Y. (2014). Research trends on parent education program. Korea Journal of Counseling, 15(2), 943-967.
Lee, J. O. (2008). Maternal parenting stress, efficacy and behavior: A comparative between mothers with infants and those with kindergarteners. Journal of Young Child Studies, 11, 41-61.
Lee, J. S. (2011). The effects of enneagram parental education programs on attitude of child-rearing. Journal of Enneagram Studies, 8(1), 9-36.
Lee, M. S. (2009). Effects of parent effectiveness training on parentchild communication, parent's parenting attitudes and children's self-esteem (Unpublished master's thesis). Dong-A University, Pusan, Korea.
Lee, S. R., & Park, J. S. (2010). A study on effects of parent education program for parents with school aged children. Family and Environment Research, 48(1), 1-14.
Lee, Y. A. & Kim, J. M. (2009). A study on the effects of the systematic training of effective parenting of young children's parents. Journal of Parent Education, 1(2), 31-56.
Love, J. M., Kisker, E. E., Ross, C., Raikes, H., Constantine, J., Boller, K., . . . Vogel, C. (2005). The effectiveness of Early Head Start for 3-year-old children and their parents: Lessons for policy and programs. Developmental Psychology, 41, 885-901. doi:10.1037/0012-16126.96.36.1995
Min, S. H., Kim, K. E., & Kim, L. J. (2011). A study on the development and effects of a parenting training program for improving parent-child relationships in multi-cultural families. Korean Journal of Child Studies, 32(1), 31-49.
Mondell, S., & Tyler, F. B. (1981). Parental competence and styles of problem solving/play behavior with children. Developmental Psychology, 17(1), 73-78.
Moon, H. J. (1999). The influence of working mothers socioemographic characteristics and self-efficacy on the child-rearing practices. Family and Environment Research, 37(6), 97-107.
Moon, S. J., & Kim, S. G. (2013). A study on the effects of parent education programs on parenting efficacy and parenting stress. The Journal of Future Education, 3(3), 1-16.
Nam, J. H. (2004). A study on the relationships of mother's parentefficacy, parenting style and adolescence's self-regulation ability (Unpublished master's thesis). Sookmyung Women's University, Seoul, Korea.
Park, S. H. (2007). The effects of the bibliotherapy group counseling program for parents education on the parenting stress and parenting sense of competence. Journal of Future Early Childhood Education, 14(2), 1-31.
Popkin, M. H. (1983). Active parenting. Atlanta, GA: Active Parenting Publishers.
Roberts, G. C., Block, J. H., & Block, J. (1984). Continuity and change in parent's child-rearing practices. Child Development, 55(2), 586-597. doi:10.2307/1129970
Shaw, D. S., Bell, R. Q., & Gilliom, M. (2000). A truly earlystarter model of antisocial behavior revisited. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 3(3), 155-172. doi:10.1023/A:1009599208790
Shin, J. Y. (2004). Multiple attachments to mothers and child care providers of 2-year-olds and socio-emotional behaviors (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Seoul Women's University, Seoul, Korea.
Song, S. M., Doh, H. S., Kim, M. J., Kim, S. J., Yun, K. B., & Kim, J. E. (2014). A phenomenological approach to experiences of young children's mothers on respected parents & respected children parent. Journal of Korean Child Care and Education, 10(4), 133-158.
Stehlik, T. (2003). Parenting as a vocation: Lifelong learning can begin in the home. International Journal of Lifelong Education, 22(4), 367-379. doi:10.1080/02601370304838
Watkins, C. (1990). A program to modify a black community's perception of the community's role in school activities. Retrieved from ERIC datalaase. (ED325596)
Wei, C., Ribeiro R., Bianconi C., Steinkraus, A., Potter, N., Mead, J., ... Hargraves, M. (2012). Family and community development evaluation report: Parenting skills workshop series, 2005-2012. Retrieved from http://blog.narotama.ac.id/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/Parenting-Skills-Workshop-Series%C2%A9-2005-2012.pdf
Woo, D. R. (2014). Mediated effect of 5-year-old children’s decisionmaking ability in influence of early home environment on peer competence and problematic behavior. Journal of Future Early Childhood Education, 21(1), 139-162.
Yoon, S. H., & Sung, J. H. (2014). The effects of mothers' parenting efficacy on children's emotional regulation: The role of mothers perception of fathers involvement in child care. Korean Journal of Child Studies, 35(4), 199-222.