JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
The Effects of School Violence Victimization on Cyberbullying Perpetration in Middle School Students and the Moderating Role of Self-Control
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Korean Journal of Child Studies
  • Volume 37, Issue 3,  2016, pp.39-51
  • Publisher : Korean Association of Child Studies
  • DOI : 10.5723/kjcs.2016.37.3.39
 Title & Authors
The Effects of School Violence Victimization on Cyberbullying Perpetration in Middle School Students and the Moderating Role of Self-Control
Park, Ye Seul; Park, Ju Hee;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
Objective: The present study examined the effects of school violence victimization and self-control on cyberbullying perpetration in middle school students and investigated whether self-control moderated the relationship between school violence victimization and cyberbullying perpetration. Methods: The participants of this study were 315 middle school students (172 boys; 143 girls) from three middle schools in Seoul and Incheon. To measure the level of cyberbullying perpetration, the Bullying/Victimization Questionnaire was used. School violence victimization and self-control were measured via the School Violence Victimization Scale and the Self-Control Scale, respectively. The data were analyzed by means of descriptive statistics and hierarchical regressions. Results and Conclusion: The results indicated that school bullying victimization level increased cyberbullying perpetration level whereas self-control level decreased cyberbullying perpetration. In addition, self-control moderated the effect of school violence victimization on cyberbullying perpetration. That is, the influence of school bullying victimization on cyberbullying perpetration was greater when self-control was low, compared to when it was high.
 Keywords
cyberbullying perpetration;school violence victimization;self-control;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
1.
Agnew, R. (1992). Foundation for a general strain theory of crime and delinquency. Criminology, 30(1), 47-88. doi:10.1111/j.1745-9125.1992.tb01093.x crossref(new window)

2.
Aiken, L. S., & West, S. G. (1991). Multiple regression: Testing and interpreting interactions. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

3.
Baron, R. M., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research:Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 51(6), 1173-1182. Retrieved from http://www.sesp.org/files/The%20Moderator-Baron.pdf crossref(new window)

4.
Campfield, D. C. (2008). Cyber bullying and victimization:Psychological characteristics of bullies, victims, and bully-victims (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of Montana, Missoula, MT. USA. Retrieved from http://scholarworks.umt.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1307&context=etd

5.
Casas, J. A., Rey, R. D., & Ortega-Ruiz, R. (2013). Bullying and cyberbullying: Convergent and divergent predictor variables. Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 580-587. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2012.11.015 crossref(new window)

6.
Chang, F. C., Chiu, C. H., Miao, N. F., Chen, P. H., Lee, C. M., Chiang, J. T., & Pan, Y. C. (2015). The relationship between parental mediation and internet addiction among adolescents, and the association with cyberbullying and depression. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 57, 21-28. doi: 10.1016/j.comppsych.2014.11.013 crossref(new window)

7.
Erdur-Baker, O. (2010). Cyberbullying and its correlation to traditional bullying, gender and frequent and risky usage of internet-mediated communication tools. New Media & Society, 12(1), 109-125. doi:10.1177/1461444809341260 crossref(new window)

8.
Gottfredson, M. R., & Hirschi, T. (1990). A general theory of crime. Redwood City, CA: Stanford University Press.

9.
Hinduja, S., & Patchin, J. W. (2014). Bullying beyond the schoolyard: Preventing and responding to cyberbullying (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications (Corwin Press).

10.
Holt, T. J., Bossler, A. M., & May, D. C. (2012). Low self-control, deviant peer associations, and juvenile cyberdeviance. American Journal of Crime & Justice, 37(3), 378-395. doi: 10.1007/s12103-011-9117-3 crossref(new window)

11.
Kowalski, R. M., Giumetti, G. W., Schroeder, A. N., & Lattanner, M. R. (2014). Bullying in the digital age: A critical review and meta-analysis of cyberbullying research among youth. Psychological Bulletin, 140(4), 1073-1137. doi:10.1037/a0035618 crossref(new window)

12.
Kowalski, R. M., & Limber, S. P. (2013). Psychological, physical, and academic correlates of cyberbullying and traditional bullying. Journal of Adolescent Health, 53(1), S13-S20. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2012.09.018 crossref(new window)

13.
Marcum, C. D., Higgins, G. E., Freiburger, T. L., & Ricketts, M. L. (2014). Exploration of the cyberbullying victim/offender overlap by sex. American Journal of Criminal Justice, 39(3), 538-548. doi: 10.1007/s12103-013-9217-3 crossref(new window)

14.
Mendoza, K. (2009). Surveying parental mediation: Connections, challenges and questions for media literacy. Journal of Media Literacy Education, 1, 28-41. Retrieved from http://digitalcommons.uri.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1002&context=jmle

15.
Mesch, G. S. (2009). Parental mediation, online activities, and cyberbullying. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 12(4), 387-393. doi:10.1089/cpb.2009.0068 crossref(new window)

16.
Olenik-Shemesh, D., Heiman, T., & Eden, S. (2012). Cyberbullying victimisation in adolescence: Relationships with loneliness and depressive mood. Emotional & Behavioural Difficulties, 17(3-4), 361-374. doi: 10.1080/13632752.2012.704227 crossref(new window)

17.
Olweus, D. (1978). Aggression in the schools: Bullies and whipping boys. Oxford: Hemisphere.

18.
Perren, S., Dooley, J., Shaw, T., & Cross, D. (2010). Bullying in school and cyberspace: Associations with depressive symptoms in Swiss and Australian adolescents. Child & Adolescent Psychiatry & Mental Health, 4(28), 1-10. doi:10.1186/1753-2000-4-28 crossref(new window)

19.
Runions, K. C. (2013). Toward a conceptual model of motive and self-control in cyber-aggression: Rage, revenge, reward, and recreation. Journal of Youth & Adolescence, 42, 751-771. doi:10.1007/s10964-013-9936-2 crossref(new window)

20.
Sticca, F., & Perren, S. (2013). Is cyberbullying worse than traditional bullying?: Examining the differential roles of medium, publicity, and anonymity for the perceived severity of bullying. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 42(5), 739-750. doi:10.1007/s10964-012-9867-3 crossref(new window)

21.
Turanovic, J. J., & Pratt, T. C. (2013). The consequences of maladaptive coping: Integrating general strain and selfcontrol theories to specify a causal pathway between and offending. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 29(3), 321-345. doi:10.1007/s10940-012-9180-z crossref(new window)

22.
Varjas, K., Henrich, C. C., & Meyers, J. (2009). Urban middle school students' perceptions of bullying, cyberbullying, and school safety. Journal of School Violence, 8(2), 159-176. doi: 10.1080/15388220802074165 crossref(new window)

23.
Vazsonyi, A. T., Machackova, H., Sevcikova, A., Smahel, D., & Cerna, A. (2012). Cyberbullying in context: Direct and indirect effects by low self-control across 25 European countries. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 9(2), 210-227. doi:10.1080/17405629.2011.644919 crossref(new window)

24.
Waasdorp, T. E., & Bradshaw, C. P. (2015). The overlap between cyberbullying and traditional bullying. Journal of Adolescent Health, 56(5), 483-488. doi:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2014.12.002 crossref(new window)

25.
Yen, J. Y., Yen, C. F., Chen, C. C., Chen, S. H., & Ko, C. H. (2007). Family factors of internet addiction and substance use experience in Taiwanese adolescents. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 10(3), 323-329. doi:10.1089/cpb.2006.9948 crossref(new window)

26.
Ahn, S., & Lee, K. (2014). The effects of parental attachment and peer conformity on adolescents' SNS peer-bullying: Focusing on the moderating effects of disturbance of adaptive functions caused by SNS. The Korean Journal of Human Development, 21(3), 51-67.

27.
Bae, J. M., Cho, E. S., Cho, Y. M., & Kim, K. E. (2015). A study on parents' observation of adolescents children's smartphone use problem and their parenting experiences. Journal of Family Relations, 20(1), 143-164.

28.
Bang, K., & Lee, K. (2009). A phenomenological investigation of homeroom teachers' experiences on bullying. Korean Journal of Psychology: General, 28(1), 167-188.

29.
Cho, J., & Kim, S. (2010). An explanatory study on the determinants of youth delinquency: Focusing on selfcontrol and delinquent peers. Journal of Future Oriented Youth Society, 7(1), 151-173.

30.
Cho, Y.-H., & Bae, J.-A. (2010). Study on parental mediation of children's digital media use within the home environment. Media, Gender & Culture, 13, 37-74.

31.
Choi, S. Y. (2014). A study of the review of research on cyberbullying and its responding strategy. The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education, 17(6), 35-48.

32.
Do, G., Oh, J., & Shin, J. (2011). The effectiveness of the group program for empowering and enhancing self-esteem of school violence victims in high school girls. Korean Journal of Youth Studies, 18(1), 149-174.

33.
Hwang, J.-H. (2014). A study on teachers' experiences in resolution process of school violence. Teacher Education Research, 53(2), 289-303. crossref(new window)

34.
Hyun, M. J., & Han, Y. (2015). The effect of the self-regulation group counseling program on the self-control and aggression of juvenile delinquents. Korean Journal of Youth Studies, 22(5), 391-420.

35.
Jang, S.-Y. (2011). Research on youth cyber delinquency: With emphasis on control theory. Korean Journal of Crime and Delinquency, 1, 263-281.

36.
Jung, H. W. (2010). The changes of cyber delinquency and the predictors in adolescence. Korean Criminological Review, 21(2), 263-288.

37.
Jung, H.-W., & Chung, D.-W. (2012). The effects of Korean adolescents' self-control upon their cyber delinquency. Korean Journal of Youth Studies, 19(9), 1-23.

38.
Jyung, K.-J., Kim, J.-H., & Kim, D. W. (2009). The effects of parenting program on the outcome of internet control group counseling to high risk middle school students. The Journal of Humanities, 14(1), 255-275.

39.
Kim, H. (2013). An effect of persistent school violence victimization experience on youths' physical, socioemotional, and cognitive development. Journal of Adolescent Welfare, 15(2), 121-143.

40.
Kim, H. N., Kim, M., Kim, S. H., & Cheon, S. M. (2013). The relationship between communication style with parents and internet-game addiction tendency of 5th and 6th graders in public elementary school: The mediation of self-control. Journal of Emotional & Behavioral Disorders, 29(4), 175-194.

41.
Kim, H. S. (1998). Model development of affecting factors on health behavior and juvenile delinquency of adolescents (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.

42.
Kim, K. E., & Choi, E. H. (2012). A study on the effect of school violence victimization on adolescents' cyber violence: Focus on mediating effect of aggression. Journal of Adolescent Welfare, 14(3), 259-283.

43.
Kim, K. E., & Yoon, H. (2012). Associations between adolescents' victimization of violence, tolerance toward violence, and cyber violence offending behavior. Journal of the Korean Society of Child Welfare, 39, 213-244.

44.
Kim, K.-W., & Seo, J.-W. (2012). Relationship analysis between adolescent's internet addiction levels and cybercrime. Journal of Korean Public Police and Security Studies, 9(2), 23-43.

45.
Kim, S. K., & Cheon, S. M. (2015). Meta-analysis on variables related to self-control: Focused on family environment and psychological factors. The Korean Journal of Counseling and Psychotherapy, 27(1), 85-107.

46.
Korea Internet & Security Agency. (2013). The survey on cyberbullying in 2013. Seoul: Korea Internet & Security Agency.

47.
Kwak, Y. K. (2006). A study on awareness and experience of school violence: A study on high school students in Seoul (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Dongguk University, Seoul, Korea.

48.
Kwon, H. C., & Ahn, G. Y. R. (2015). The effect of parentadolescent communication on the computer game overuse:Adolescent's self control as a mediating variable. Korean Journal of Youth Studies, 22(5), 255-274.

49.
Lee, C., Shin, N., & Ha, E. (2014). A study on the situation of youth cyberbullying and measures to prevent it (Research Report No. 14-R07). Sejong: National Youth Policy Institute.

50.
Lee, J., & Lee. S.-S. (2014). The effect of cyber victimization on cyber offending and gender differences in testing a general strain theory. Studies on Korean Youth, 25(4), 137-158. doi: 10.14816/sky. 2014.1.1.75.137 crossref(new window)

51.
Lee, J. K., & Woo, H.-J. (2010). A study on the intention toward cyber verbal bullying: Focusing on the perception to cyber libel/insult, age and the variables of the theory of planned behavior. Journal of Cybercommunication Academic Society, 27(1), 215-252.

52.
Lee, S. D., Hwang, S. K., & Yeum, D. M. (2013). The exploratory research on recognition and actual condition of cyber bullying: Focused on middle school students in Uiryeonggun. Youth Culture Publishes Forum, 33, 120-143.

53.
Lee, S.-M., & Lee, S.-H. (2008). The effects of play based self control training group program on the internet addiction levels and self control ability of middle school students. The Journal of Play Therapy, 12(2), 55-74.

54.
Lee, S.-N., & Kim, C.-K. (2013). The effects of the strengths-based literatherapy program on the improvement of psychological well-being and the reduction of internalizing behavior problems of the victims who have been bullied. Journal of Children's Literature & Education, 14(2), 157-180.

55.
Lee, S.-S. (2005). The effects of anonymity on cyber flaming:Comparing its effect with social and individual factors. Studies on Korean Youth, 16(1), 77-108.

56.
Lee, S.-S. (2007). Testing a model of cyber-delinquency through motive, opportunity and control factors. Informatization Policy, 4(3), 3-15.

57.
Lee, S.-S. (2011). Testing both risk and control factors of juvenile delinquency in offline, internet, and cell phone media. Korean Criminology Review, 22(1), 111-135.

58.
Lee, S.-S., & Hwang, J.-Y. (2008). Internet collective efficacy and cyber linguistic violence. Korean Criminological Reveiw, 73, 167-189.

59.
Ministry of Education. (2014). The second student survey on school violence in 2014. Retrieved from www.moe.go.kr/web/100026/ko/board/download.do?boardSeq=122076

60.
Nam, H. M. (1999). The effects of psychological family environment, self-control and friends characteristics of middle school students on their problems behaviors (Unpublished Master's thesis). Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.

61.
Nam, S.-I., & Kweon, N.-H. (2013). A study on the factors that influence adolescent offenders' of cyberbullying. Journal of Future Oriented Youth Society, 10(3), 23-43.

62.
Oh, S.-Y., & Kwak, Y.-G. (2013). The study on the actual conditions of school violence and solution caused by cyber bullying. Journal of Korean Public Police and Security Studies, 10(3), 65-88.

63.
Park, J. Y., & Kim, H. H. (2013). The relationship between time of internet use and disposition of internet addiction:Moderating effect of parental discipline. Korean Journal of Youth Studies, 20(1), 25-46.

64.
Park, S. H., & Shim, H. J. (2015). Examining the risk factors of cyber bullying with SNS among Korean youth. Korean Association of Public Safety and Criminal Justice Review, 58, 155-185.

65.
Sung, J. H., & Chung, M. J. (2007). School adjustment and protective factors of school violence victims. Korean Journal of Child Studies, 28(5), 1-18.

66.
The Foundation for Preventing Youth Violence. (2014). The survey on school violence in 2013. Retrieved from https://www.edujikim.com/customercenter/board/default/view_b.asp?intBbsSeq=8&Page=1&intArticleSeq=97551

67.
Yang, J. K., & Kim, C. K. (2002). Relationships among delinquent risk factors, protective factors and recidivism of juvenile delinquency. The Korea Journal of Youth Counseling, 10(2), 101-121.

68.
Yoon, D.-H., & Kang, H.-A. (2009). The effects of adolescent's psychosocial factors on their involvement in deviant behaviors through the deviance in cyberspace. Journal of Adolescent Welfare, 11(4), 201-224.