The Characteristics of Elderly Drivers' Driving Behavior on Intersection Using Graphic Driving Simulator Kim, Bo-Seong; Yi, Young-Chang; Kim, Hyun-Woo; Lim, Dong-Hoon; Bak, Mi-Seon; Ji, Doo-Hwan; Hong, Seung-Hee; Kang, Jin-Kyu; Min, Byung-Chan; Min, Yoon-Ki;
To find out why elderly drivers have more frequent traffic accidents on intersection than any other one, this study was conducted to examine the characteristics of elderly drivers' driving behavior on intersection using a multifaceted driving behavior indicator. To do that, the driving behavior of both young adult drivers and elderly drivers were compared and analyzed, using a graphic driving simulator. As a result, compared with young adult drivers, elderly drivers showed a poor driving performance, and a high ratio of visual scanning time on the specific direction regardless of driving situation. Also, compared with young adult drivers, elderly drivers had a high overall level of arousal, and the phasic arousal activity on the specific stimulus was low. These results imply that through the intervention which induces the change in multifaceted indicators mentioned earlier, they could be helped to drive more safely on intersection.
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