A Study on the Somatotype Characteristics of Korean Adult Women: A Comparison between the Data of the 5th Anthropometry of Size Korea and 6th Anthropometry of Size Korea

Title & Authors
A Study on the Somatotype Characteristics of Korean Adult Women: A Comparison between the Data of the 5th Anthropometry of Size Korea and 6th Anthropometry of Size Korea
Yi, Kyong-Hwa;

Abstract
Objective: The aim of the study is to analyze female adult's body shape characteristics and to provide the basic information for clothing manufacturing. Background: The comparative study among the age groups is very fundamental to understand the body characteristics of each subjects group. Therefore, comparison of body measurements in age groups was applied in this study. Method: The study was fulfilled by the comparison between the data of the $\small{5^{th}}$ Anthropometry of Size Korea (2004) and the $\small{6^{th}}$ Anthropometry of Size Korea(2010). The subjects were 2,213 female adults aged 20~59 of the 5th Size Korea anthropometric survey and 2,025 female adults aged 20~59 of the 6th Size Korea anthropometric survey. Results: The differences indicated the decreased values in widths, depths, girths regarding the torso region and BMI. "Head height to Stature ratio" decreased significantly in the 6th data, on the other hand, "Crotch height to Stature ratio" increased in the 6th data. Through the distribution characteristic of the age groups by Stature groups, it was convinced that 160cm stature group is the most frequent among all age groups of the 6th Size Korea. Conclusion: As a summary, the meaningful differences were showed between the 5th anthropometric data and the 6th data. According to the 6th Size Korea, the distribution tendency of obesity is very similar to the 5th Size Korea data. But the percentage of obese women declined significantly. Application: These findings from the study can be utilized women's wear design and construction that reflect body characteristics.
Keywords
Language
Korean
Cited by
References
1.
Chung, M. H. & Im, S. A Study on the Body Types of Korean Female Adults in Japan. Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, 32(5), 753-765, 2008.

2.
KATS, Final report of the differentiation and characteristic analysis of body types for the obese Korean. Gwacheon: Korean Agency for Technology and Standards, 2006.

3.
KATS, Report of the international comparative study of the body sizes and size designation of clothing. Gwacheon: Korean Agency for Technology and Standards, 2005.

4.
KATS, Report of the 5th anthropometry of Size Korea. Gwacheon: Korean Agency for Technology and Standards, 2004.

5.
KATS, Report of the 6th anthropometry of Size Korea. Gwacheon: Korean Agency for Technology and Standards, 2010.

6.
Kim, H. S. & Lee, M. H., A Study on the Body Types of 40s, 50s, 60s of Obese Women, Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, 32(4), 618-629, 2008.

7.
National Health Insurance Corporation, 2007 Report of Korean Health & Nutrition Survey. Seoul: NHIC, 2009.

8.
Yoon, H. J. & Choi, H. S., Upper Body Shape Classification and the Characteristics of Obese Women, Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, 33(8), 1262-1272, 2009.