Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Development on the Auto Showering System Concerning Bed Type for the Elderly: Focusing on Nozzle Optimization
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Development on the Auto Showering System Concerning Bed Type for the Elderly: Focusing on Nozzle Optimization
Hong, Jae-Soo; Kim, Jong-Hyun; Chun, Keyoung-Jin;
  PDF(new window)
Objective: The aim of this study is to design an auto showering system regarding bed type for old people or bedridden patients. Background: The rapid growth concerning the aging population leads to an increase in elderly bedridden patients living in senior care centers and hospitals where care givers have difficulty bathing older people with limited mobility. Method: In this study, a showering equipment for experiment was based on anthropometric and researching existing products. The nozzle position was optimized by showering tests and simulations using showering equipment. Results: The problems regarding the existing products were analyzed and the nozzle position was optimized through showering tests. The number, position, and spraying angle of the nozzle were optimized through showering simulations. The automatic showering system concerning bed type was designed by considering their results. Conclusion: When designing an automatic showering system, the most important design element involves determining the position of nozzle and angle of water injection and the number of nozzles. The system was developed by applying the results through user centered-research. Application: The user centered-research for developing products was applied directly in order to develop automatic baths, showering products etc. Furthermore, it was also available to be applied towards senior friendly products.
Nozzle optimization;Auto showering system concerning bed type;Ergonomics design;Assistive product;
 Cited by
Chun, K. J., et al. Development of An Intelligent Care-free Bathing/ Showering System for Elders, Report of Step 3, Ministry of Knowledge Economy, 2011.

Chun, K. J., Hong, J. H. and Kim, J. H., "A Study on Optimizing the Nozzle Position of Bed style's Showering System", 2010 Spring Conference of Korean Society for Precision Engineering, (pp. 993 -994), 2010.

Fisk, A. D. and Rogers. W. A., Designing for Older Adults (second edition), Taylor & Francis Group. 2009.

Hepherd, R., Aids for bathing and showering, European Geriatric Medicine 2, 190-193, 2011. crossref(new window)

Jung, B. Y. and Lee, D. K., Ergonomics Human Factors, Min Young Sa, 114-128, 2007.

Kim, J. H., Hong, J. H. and Chun, K. J., Case Study on Developing an Elderly Automatic Shower System, Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, 30(5), 629-636, 2011. crossref(new window)

Ministry of Health & Welfare, The number and status of care center for elderly,, 2011.

Penn, N. D., Belfield, P. W., Muscie-Taylor, B.H. and Mulley, G. P., Old and unwashed: bathing problems in the over 70s, BMJ, 298, 1158 -1159, 1989.

Size Korea,

Statistics Korea,, 2011.