JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
The Relationship among Stride Parameters, Joint Angles, and Trajectories of the Body Parts during High-Heeled Walking of Woman
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
The Relationship among Stride Parameters, Joint Angles, and Trajectories of the Body Parts during High-Heeled Walking of Woman
Park, Sumin; Lee, Minho; Park, Jaeheung;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
Objective: This paper analyzes the changes on stride parameters, joint angles, and trajectories of the body parts due to high heels during walking and explains the causal relationship between the changes and high heels. Background: This study aims to indicate the comprehensive gait changes by high heels on the whole body for women wearing high heels and researchers interested in high-heeled walking. Method: The experiment was designed in which two different shoe heel heights were used for walking (1cm, 9.8cm), and twelve women participated in the test. In the experiment, 35 points on the body were tracked to extract the stride parameters, joint angles, and trajectories of the body parts. Results: Double support time increased, but stride length decreased in high-heeled walking. The knee inflexed more at stance phase and the spine rotation became more severe. The trajectories of the pelvis, the trunk and the head presented outstanding fluctuations in the vertical direction. Conclusion: The double support time and the spine rotation were changed to compensate instability by high heels. Reduced range of motion of the ankle joint influenced on the stride length, the knee flexion, and fluctuations of the body parts. Application: This study can provide an insight of the gait changes by high heels through the entire body.
 Keywords
High-heeled walking;Gait analysis;Heel height and posture;Trajectory of the body parts;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
Effect of Heel Height and Speed on Gait, and the Relationship Among the Factors and Gait Variables, Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, 2016, 35, 1, 39  crossref(new windwow)
 References
1.
Blanchette, M.G., Brault, J.R. and Powers, C.M., The influence of heel height on utilized coefficient of friction during walking, Gait and Posture, 34, 107-110, 2010.

2.
Csapo, R., Maganaris, C.N., Seynnes, O.R. and Narici, M.V., On muscles, tendons and high heels, Journal of Experimental Biology, 213, 2582-2588, 2010. crossref(new window)

3.
Eisenhardt, J.R., Cook, D., Pregler, I. and Foehl, H.C., Changes in temporal gait characteristics and pressure distribution for bare feet versus various heel heights, Gait and Posture, 4, 280-286, 1996. crossref(new window)

4.
Gefen, A., Ravid, M.M., Itzchak, Y. and Arcan, M., Analysis of muscular fatigue and foot stability during high-heeled gait, Gait and Posture, 34, 107-110, 2002.

5.
Gehlsen, G., Braatz, J.S. and Assmann, N., Effects of heel height on knee rotation and gait, Human Movement Science, 5, 149-155, 1986. crossref(new window)

6.
Grieve, D.W. and Gear, R.J., The relationship between length of stride, step frequency, time of swing and speed of walking for children and adults, Ergonomics, 5(9), 379-399, 1966.

7.
Hansen, Andrew H. and Childress, Dudley S., Effects of shoe heel height on biologic rollover characteristics during walking, Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 41(4), 547-554, 2004. crossref(new window)

8.
Inman, V.T., Ralston, H.J. and Todd, F., Human walking, Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, 1981.

9.
Iunes, D.H., Monte-Raso, W., Santos, C.B.A., Castro, F.A. and Salgado, H.S., Postural influence of high heels among adult women: analysis by computerized photogrammetry, Revista Brasileira de Fisioterapia, 12, 441-446, 2008.

10.
Kerrigan, D.C., Todd, M.K. and Riley, P.O., Knee osteoarthritis and high-heeled shoes, The Lancet, 351, 1399-1401, 1998. crossref(new window)

11.
Lee, C.M., Jeong, E.H. and Freivalds, A., Biomechanical effects of wearing high-heeled shoes, International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 28, 321-326, 2001. crossref(new window)

12.
Merrifield, H.H., Female gait patterns in shoes with different heel heights, Ergonomics, 14(3), 411-417, 1971. crossref(new window)

13.
Morris, Paul H., White, J., Morrison, Edward R. and Fisher, K., High heels as supernormal stimuli: How wearing high heels affects judgements of female attractiveness, Evolution and Human Behavior, In Press, 2012.

14.
Opila, K.A., Wagner, S.S., Schiowitz, S. and Chen, J., Postural alignment in barefoot and high-heeled stance, Spine, 13, 542-547, 1988. crossref(new window)

15.
Park, Sumin, Park, Jaeheung and Lee, Minho, "How to generate natural female walking with high heels?", Proceeding of Dynamic Walking Conference, Pensacola, FL, 2012

16.
Perry, J., Gait analysis: normal and pathological function, SLACK, 1992.

17.
Sato, A. and Takahashi, T., Gait patterns of young japanese women, Journal of Human Ergology, 20, 85-88, 1991.

18.
Speksnijder, C.M., Munckhof, R.J.H., Moonen, S.A.F.C.M. and Walenkamp, G.H.I.M., The higher the heel the higher the forefoot-pressure in ten healthy women, The Foot, 15, 17-21, 2005. crossref(new window)

19.
Stefanyshyn, D.J., Nigg, B.M., Fisher, V., O'Flynn, B. and Liu, W., The influence of high heeled shoes on kinematics, kinetics, and muscle emg of normal female gait, Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 54, 182-185, 2000.

20.
Ucanok, G.M. and Peterson, D.R., "Knee and ankle deviataion during high-heeled gait", Proceedings of the International Conference on Bioengineering, (pp.17-18), 2006.

21.
Vicon software, http://vicon.com/products/software.html (retrieved April 11, 2011).

22.
Yu, Y.L., Lin, C.F., Wang, S.T., Yang, C.H. and Guo, L.Y., "Kinematic and kinetic analysis of walking with different base size of high heel shoes for young female", 1st Asia-Pacific Conference on Ankle-Foot and Footwear, 2010.