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Case Studies of Comparing EN 954-1 and EN ISO 13849-1 Standard for Design of Industrial Machinery Safety Control System
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 Title & Authors
Case Studies of Comparing EN 954-1 and EN ISO 13849-1 Standard for Design of Industrial Machinery Safety Control System
Kim, Tae-Ho; Kim, Hong-Ki; Yoon, Hoon Yong;
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 Abstract
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare old standard EN 954-1 and new standard EN ISO 13849-1 through case study and provide necessity of adaptation of EN ISO 13849-1 in Korea. Background: International and EU harmonized standard EN ISO 13849 "safety of machinery - Safety-related parts of control system" is classified into Part 1: General principles for design and Part 2: Validation. EN ISO 13849-1 standard was introduced in Official Journal of the European Union on September 8, 2009 as harmonized standard, and old standard EN 954-1 was withdrawn on December 31, 2011. So, EU decided to use of EN ISO 13849-1 standard forcibly from January 1, 2012 for safety of machinery. New machines need to be CE marked if they are to be placed on the market in the European Economic Area(EEA), Switzerland or Turkey, and Korean machine builder should apply EN ISO 3849-1 standard for safety of machinery accordingly. However, current Korean Safety Certification system(KCs mark) for dangerous machinery is not referred to EN ISO 13849-1 standard as safety standard. There is a need of research for adaptation of EN ISO 13849-1 standard in Korea as safety standards for new design of safety-related control system which use mostly electronic components. Method: Five case studies of representative designs for safety-related control system in accordance with EN 954-1were selected according to safety category from B to 4. And these five representative designs were tried to change new design in accordance with EN ISO 13849-1 standard. The results of comparison were analyzed in aspect of economy and technical complexity. Results: The results showed that EN ISO 13849-1 provided quantitative method of application and it enabled designers to create safety-related control systems that require fewer components and less wiring, with many of the components being to a lower specification and, therefore, less costly. Conclusion: EN ISO 13849-1 standard is good for electronic safety-related control systems compare to EN 954-1. By considering the importance of application of EN ISO 13849-1 and benefits, the application of EN ISO 13849-1 as safety standard for safety of machinery is urgent in Korea. Application: The results of comparing EN 954-1 and EN ISO 13849-1 standard might help to determine the adaptation of EN ISO 13849-1 standard for safety of industrial machinery in Korea.
 Keywords
EN 954-1;EN ISO 13849-1;Safety Category;Risk graph;Safety-related parts of control system;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
1.
British Standard, Safety of machinery - Safety-related parts of control systems - Part 1: General principles for design (Standard No. BS EN 954-1:1997), BSI,UK ,1997.

2.
European Commission Home Page, http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/ european-standards/documents/harmonised-standards-legislation/listreferences/machinery/(retrieved April 19, 2012.)

3.
European Commission Home Page, http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/ mechanical/documents/legislation/machinery/(retrieved April 19, 2012.)

4.
Ministry of Employment and Labor, "Korean Industrial Safety and Health Act", 2012

5.
Marek Dzwiarek, An Analysis of Accidents Caused by Improper Functioning of Machine Control Systems, JOSE, Vol. 10, No. 2, pp. 129-136, pp. 134-135, 2004.

6.
IEC 61508 Homepage, http://www.61508.org (retrieved, April 19, 2012)

7.
International Standard, Safety of machinery - Safety-related parts of control systems - Part 1: General principles for design (Standard No. ISO 13849-1:2006), ISO, Switzerland, 2006.