Advanced SearchSearch Tips
A Survey on the Risk Factors Analysis and Evaluation for the types of VDT Work
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
A Survey on the Risk Factors Analysis and Evaluation for the types of VDT Work
Kim, Day Sung;
  PDF(new window)
Objective: The purpose of this study was to analyze the risk factors of MSDs for the types of office work. Background: Physical risk factors of VDT(Video Display Terminal) associated with shoulder and neck musculoskeletal disorders(MSDs) include static work postures and workstation status. Method: In this study, office work was divided into data search, data entry and design work(drawings, etc.), and then we were surveyed 7 major work places which was included these works. We recorded working postures and obtained still images, depending on the types of office work. Then, RULA(Rapid Upper Limb Assessment) and ROSA(Rapid Office Strain Assessment) were used to analysis the risk factors. Results: The results of RULA showed that design work was under risk levels and required change, but ROSA showed that data entry and design work were high risk. The RULA is to evaluate the level of risk factors based on the working posture; on the other hand, the ROSA is to consider the use of peripheral, same as chair, keyboard/mouse, monitor and computer workstations. Conclusion: Conclusions of this study, the office work is necessary to identify the risk factors caused by the use of peripheral, as well as working posture.
VDT;Musculoskeletal disorders;Office work environment;RULA;ROSA;
 Cited by
Babski-Reeves, K., Stanfield, J. and Hughes, L., Assessment of video display workstation set up on risk factors associated with the development of low back and neck discomfort, International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 35, 593-604, 2005. crossref(new window)

Claus, A.P., Hides, J.A., Moserley, G.L. and Hodges, P.W., Is 'ideal' sitting posture real?: Measurement of spinal curves in four sitting postures, Manual Therapy, 14, 404-408, 2009. crossref(new window)

Dempsey, P.G., McGorry, R.W. and Maynard, W.S., A survey of tools and methods used by certificated professional ergonomists, Applied Ergonomics, 36, 489-503, 2005. crossref(new window)

Dong-Shik Choi, Ergonomic Evaluation of Electrically Adjustable Table in VDU Work, Ergonomics Society of Korea Spring Conference, 2011.

Ebara, T., Kubo, T., Inoue, T., Murasaki, G., Takeyama, H., Sato, T., Susumura, H., Niwa, S., Takanishi, T., Tachi, N. and Itani, T., Effects of Adjustable Sit-stand VDT Workstations on Workers Musculoskeletal Discomfort, Alertness and Performance, Industrial Health, 46, 497-505, 2008. crossref(new window)

Eruofound, European working conditions survey,, 2011.

Fahrbach, P. and Chapman, L., VDT work duration and Musculoskeletal Discomfort, AAOHN Journal, 28(1), 32-36, 1990.

International Labour Organization(ILO), VDT Safework, ILO-CIS, 1991.

Japan Industrial Safety and Health Association(JISHA), VDT作業におけ る労衛生管理のためのガイドライン(Guidelines for Industrial Health Controls of VDT Operations), JISHA, 2002.

Karl, H.E., Kroemer, Anne D. Kroemer, Office Ergonomics, Taylor & Francis Group, 2001.

Kee. D. and Park, K.H., Comparison of Posture Classification Schemes of OWAS, RULA and REBA, Journal of the KOSOS, 20(2), 127-132, 2005.

Kim, D.S. and Kim, C.H., A Study for the Appropriateness of the Different Reference Points in the Analysis of Working Posture, Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, 30(5), 637-644, 2011. crossref(new window)

Korea Internet Security Agency(KISA), 2012 Survey on the Internet Usage, KISA, 2012.

McAtamney, L. and Corlett, E.N., RULA: a survey method for the investigation of work-related upper limb disorders. Applied Ergonomics, 24, 91-99, 1993. crossref(new window)

National Information society Agency(NIA), 2012 Yearbook of Information Society Statistics, NIA, 2012.

Occupational Safety and Health Administration(OSHA), Computer Workstation's Home Page,, 2013.

Ong, C.N. and Phoon, W.O., Influence of age on VDT work, Acad. Med. Singapore, 16(1), 42-45, 1987.

Park, J.H. and Kwak, W.T., Comparison of the Representative Values of the Sampled Work Scenes with the Expert's Judgment in the MSD Workload Evaluation, Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, 25(2), 205-210, 2006. crossref(new window)

Shimai, S., Iwaski, S., et al. Survey on subjective symptoms in VDT works, Sangyo Igaku, 28, 87-97, 1986. crossref(new window)

Sonne, M. and Andrews, D.M., The Rapid Office Strain Assessment (ROSA): Validity of online worker self-assessments and the relationship to worker discomfort, Occupational Ergonomics, 10(3), 83-101, 2012.

Sonne, M., Villalta, D.L. and Andrews, D.M., Development and evaluation of an office ergonomic risk checklist: ROSA-Rapid Office Strain Assessment, Applied Ergonomics, 43(1), 98-108, 2012. crossref(new window)

Straker, L., Burgess-Limerick, R., Pollock, C., Murray, K., Netto, K., Coleman, J. and Skoss, R., The impact of computer display height and desk design on 3D posture during information technology work by young adults, J Electromyogr Kinesiol, 18, 336-349, 2008. crossref(new window)

U.S. Census Bureau, Computer and internet use in the United States,, 2011.